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Cnemidophorus murinus (LAURENTI, 1768)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesLaurent's Whiptail 
SynonymSeps murinus LAURENTI 1768: 63
Cnemidophorus murinus — WAGLER 1830
Cnemidophorus murinus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 126
Cnemidophorus murinus — BOULENGER 1885: 361
Cnemidophorus murinus murinus — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus murinus — DEARING & SCHALL 1994
Cnemidophorus murinus — HARVEY et al. 2012 
DistributionCuracao, Bonaire I (Trinidad and Guianas fide BOULENGER 1885)

Type locality: in error; restricted to Curaçao by Burt (1935) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: unknown (based on illustration in Seba 1735: fig. 2, 111) 
CommentType species: Seps murinus LAURENTI 1768 is the type species of the genus Cnemidophorus WAGLER 1830.

‘‘Cnemidophorus’’ murinus is more closely related to Kentropyx than to ‘‘C.’’
lacertoides, ‘‘C.’’ longicaudus, and/or ‘‘C.’’ ocellifer (REEDER et al. 2002).

Subspecies: Cnemidophorus murinus ruthveni BURT 1935 has been elevated to full species status.

The original type locality was given as “Java”, obviously in error. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Burt, C. E. 1931. A study of the teiid lizards of the genus Cnemidophorus with special reference to their phylogenetic relationships. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 154: 286 pp. - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1935. A new lizard from the Dutch Leeward Islands (Cnemidophorus murinus ruthveni). Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (324): 1-3 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. Twelfth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 167-194 [1884] - get paper here
  • Dearing,M.D. & Schall,J.J. 1994. Atypical reproduction and sexual dimorphism of the tropical Bonaire island whiptail lizard, Cnemidophorus murinus. Copeia 1994: 761-766 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Hughes, Daniel F. and Pablo R. Delis. 2014. Cnemidophorus murinus murinus (Laurent's whiptail) myiasis. Herpetological Review 45 (1): 126-127
  • Hummelinck, P. W. 1940. Studies on the fauna of Curacao, Aruba, Bonaire and the Venezuelan Islands: No. 2. A survey of the mammals, lizards and mollusks. ['Gymnophthalmus laevicaudus: 80]. Studies on the Fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands. 1:59—108
  • Laurenti, J. N. 1768. Specimen medicum, exhibens synopsin reptilium emendatam cum experimentis circa venena et antidota reptilium austracorum, quod authoritate et consensu. Vienna, Joan. Thomae, 217 pp. - get paper here
  • Maslin, T. & Secoy, D.M. 1986. A checklist of the lizard genus Cnemidophorus (Teiidae). Contr. Zool. Univ. Colorado Mus. 1: 1-60
  • Presch, W. 1971. Tongue structure of the teiid lizard genera Ameiva and Cnemidophorus with a reallocation of Ameiva vanzoi. Journal of Herpetology 5: 183-185 - get paper here
  • REEDER, T.W.; CHARLES J. COLE AND HERBERT C. DESSAUER 2002. Phylogenetic Relationships of Whiptail Lizards of the Genus Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae): A Test of Monophyly, Reevaluation of Karyotypic Evolution, and Review of Hybrid Origins. American Museum Novitates 3365: 1-64 - get paper here
  • Ugueto, Gabriel N. and Michael B. Harvey 2010. Southern Caribbean Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae): Description of New Species and Taxonomic Status of C. murinus ruthveni Burt. Herpetological Monographs 24 (1): 111-148 - get paper here
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