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Cnemidophorus nigricolor PETERS, 1873

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymCnemidophorus nigricolor PETERS 1873: 76
Cnemidophorus lemniscatus nigricolor — HUMMELINCK 1940: 83
Cnemidophorus lemniscatus nigricolor — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus nigricolor — BAUER et al. 1995: 66
Cnemidophorus nigricolor — UGUETO et al. 2010
Cnemidophorus nigricolor — HARVEY et al. 2012 
DistributionVenezuela (islands off the northern coast: Islas de Aves, Islas Los Roques, La Orchila)

Type locality: “auf der venezuelanischen Inselgruppe Los Roques, im Norden von La Guayra” [Distrito Federal, Venezuela]. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: ZMB 7646 (designated by MASLIN & SECOY 1986) 
CommentSimilar species: Closely related to C. murinus (Sites 1990). Not mentioned in REEDER et al. (2002). According to Burt nigricolor intergrades wlth typical lemniscatus on Margarita Island, an observation which could not be confirmed by HUMMELINCK 1940: 83.

Distribution: populations on Isla de Margarita represent C. senectus; populations on La Blanquilla are C. leucopsammus; populations from Los Testigos and Los Frailes belong to C. flavissimus (Gilson Fuenmayor, pers. comm., 5 Apr 2017).

Group: member of the lemniscatus group, see C. lemniscatus for details. 
References
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Burt, C. E. 1931. A study of the teiid lizards of the genus Cnemidophorus with special reference to their phylogenetic relationships. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 154: 286 pp. - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Hummelinck, P. W. 1940. Studies on the fauna of Curacao, Aruba, Bonaire and the Venezuelan Islands: No. 2. A survey of the mammals, lizards and mollusks. ['Gymnophthalmus laevicaudus: 80]. Studies on the Fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands. 1:59—108
  • Lammerée, Liesbeth 1970. Lizards of the genus Cnemidophorus from the leeward group and the adjacent mainland of South America. Stud. Fauna Curacao Other Caribbean Isl. 124: 46-72 - get paper here
  • Maslin, T. & Secoy, D.M. 1986. A checklist of the lizard genus Cnemidophorus (Teiidae). Contr. Zool. Univ. Colorado Mus. 1: 1-60
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1873. Über eine neue Art von Cnemidophorus. Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin. 1873 (Juni): 76-77 - get paper here
  • REEDER, T.W.; CHARLES J. COLE AND HERBERT C. DESSAUER 2002. Phylogenetic Relationships of Whiptail Lizards of the Genus Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae): A Test of Monophyly, Reevaluation of Karyotypic Evolution, and Review of Hybrid Origins. American Museum Novitates 3365: 1-64 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Sites,J.W. et al. 1990. The evolutionary history of parthenogentic Cnemidophorus lemniscatus (Sauria: Teiidae) I. Evidence for a hybrid origin. Evolution 44: 906-921 - get paper here
  • Ugueto, Gabriel N. and Michael B. Harvey 2010. Southern Caribbean Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae): Description of New Species and Taxonomic Status of C. murinus ruthveni Burt. Herpetological Monographs 24 (1): 111-148 - get paper here
  • Ugueto, Gabriel N.; Michael B. Harvey, and Gilson A. Rivas 2010. TWO NEW SPECIES OF CNEMIDOPHORUS (SQUAMATA: TEIIDAE) FROM ISLANDS OF THE NORTHEASTERN COAST OF VENEZUELA. Herpetological Monographs 23 (1): 123-153 [2009] - get paper here
 
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