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Coleodactylus meridionalis (BOULENGER, 1888)

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesMeridian Gecko 
SynonymSphaerodactylus meridionalis BOULENGER 1888: 40
Coleodactylus meridionalis — PARKER 1926: 300
Coleodactylus meridionalis — VANZOLINI 1957: 2
Coleodactylus meridionalis — WERMUTH 1965: 18
Coleodactylus meridionalis — RÖSLER 2000: 63
Coleodactylus meridionalis — GAMBLE et al. 2011 
DistributionS Brazil (Bahia, Pará, Ceará, Pernambuco, Sergipe)

Type locality: Igarassu, Pernambuco, Brazil. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesTypes: BMNH 1946.8.30.84-85 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentProbably also in Bolivia (fide LANGSTROTH 2005)

Type species: Sphaerodactylus meridionalis BOULENGER 1888 is the type species of the genus Coleodactylus PARKER 1926.

Diagnosis (genus): A miniaturized species complex of diurnal sphaerodactyl geckos. SVL 20–28 mm (Vanzolini, 1968b; Avila-Pires, 1995). Snout elongate. Pupil round. Body cylindrical. Dorsal scales smooth or imbricate. Claws enclosed in an ungual sheath consisting of five scales.
Coleodactylus is a miniaturized species complex of diurnal sphaerodactyl geckos that can be differentiated from all other gekkotans by the following unique combi- nation of characters: (1) claws enclosed in ungual sheath consisting of five scales (Parker, 1926; Vanzolini, 1957; Avila-Pires, 1995); (2) smooth or imbricate scales on dorsal body surface (Vanzolini, 1957; Avila-Pires, 1995), present in most other gekkotans; (3) ascending nasal process separates nasals approximately one- quarter their length, one of the shortest among sphaerodactyl geckos (Daza et al., 2008); (4) proximal portion of metatarsal IV not very expanded; and (5) two separate deletions of 18 and 6 bp in exon 1 (in Gallus) of RAG1 [from GAMBLE et al. 2011]. 
References
  • Almeida, Rony Peterson Santos, Igor Rios Do Rosário and Eduardo José Dos Reis Dias. 2015. Coleodactylus meridionalis predation. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 432-433
  • Avila-Pires, T.C.S. & Hoogmoed,M.S. 2000. On two new species of Pseudogonatodes Ruthven, 1915 (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae), with remarks on the distribution of some other sphaerodactyl lizards. Zoologische Mededelingen 73 (12): 209-223 - get paper here
  • Borges-Nojosa, D. M. & Caramaschi, U. 2003. Composição e análise comparativa da diversidade e das afinidades biogeográficas dos lagartos e anfisbenídeos (Squamata) dos brejos nordestinos. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1888. On some reptiles and batrachians from Iguarasse, Pernambuco. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 2: 40—43 - get paper here
  • Couto-Ferreira, Danilo; Moacir Santos Tinôco, Magno Lima Travassos de Oliveira, Henrique Colombini Browne-Ribeiro, Cecil Pergentino Fazolato, Ricardo Marques da Silva, Gilvana Santos Barreto & Marcelo Alves Dias 2011. Restinga lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) at the Imbassaí Preserve on the northern coast of Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3 (8): 1990–2000 - get paper here
  • De Alcantara, Edna Paulino, Deivid Batista De Oliveira, Cristiana Ferreira Da Silva, Tatiana Feitosa Quirino, Robson Waldemar Ávila and Drausio Honorio Morais. 2015. Coleodactylus meridionalis (meridian gecko) predation. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 630
  • Freire, E. M. X. 1999. Espécie nova de Coleodactylus PARKER, 1926 das Dunas de Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil, com notas sobre suas relaçoãs dicromatismo sexual no género (Squamata, Gekkonidae). Bol. Mus. Nac. nov. Ser. Rio de Janeiro, 399: 1-14.
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Gamble, Tony; Juan D. Daza, Guarino R. Colli, Laurie J. Vitt and Aaron M. Bauer 2011. A new genus of miniaturized and pug-nosed gecko from South America (Sphaerodactylidae: Gekkota). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163 (4): 1244–1266 - get paper here
  • Garda, A.A.; T.B. Costa; C.R. Santos-Silva; D.O. Mesquita; R.G. Faria; B.M. Conceição; I.R.S. Silva; A.S. Ferreira; S.M. Rocha; C.N.S. Palmeira; R. Rodrigues; S.F. Ferrari; S. Torquato. 2013. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga I: Raso da Catarina Ecological Station (Bahia, Brazil). Check List 9 (2):405-414 - get paper here
  • GONÇALVES, UBIRATAN; SELMA TORQUATO, GABRIEL SKUK & GEORGE DE ARAÚJO SENA 2012. A new species of Coleodactylus Parker, 1926 (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae) from the Atlantic Forest of northeast Brazil. Zootaxa 3204: 20–30
  • Langstroth, R.P. 2005. Adiciones probables y confirmadas para la saurofauna boliviana. Kempffiana 1 (1): 101-128
  • Maragno, Franciéle P., Matheus Meira Ribeiro and Leonardo Barros Ribeiro. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Coleodactylus meridionalis (meridian gecko). Herpetological Review 46 (3): 383
  • Morato, S.A.A.; A.M.X. Lima; D.C.P. Staut; R.G. Faria; J.P. Souza-Alves; S.F. Gouveia; M.R.C. Scupino; R. Gomes; M.J. Silva. 2011. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Refúgio de Vida Silvestre Mata do Junco, municipality of Capela, state of Sergipe, northeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (6): 756-762 - get paper here
  • Nascimento de Oliveira, Camila; Sérgio Luiz da Silva Muniz, Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura 2016. Reptiles of an urban Atlantic Rainforest fragment in the state of Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 9: 175-183 - get paper here
  • Nascimento-Oliveira, Camila; Gessica Gomes Barbosa, Ikaro Mendes Campos, Míriam Camargo Guarnieri, Samuel Cardozo Ribeiro 2017. Predation on Coleodactylus meridionalis (Lacertilia: Sphaerodactylidae) by Ctenus rectipes (Araneae: Ctenidae) in the Atlantic Forest, Pernambuco, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 10: 221-223 - get paper here
  • Parker, H. W. 1926. The neotropical lizards of the genera Lepidoblepharis, Pseudogonatodes, Lanthrogecko, and Sphaerodactylus, with the description of a new genus. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (9) 17: 291-301.
  • Ribeiro, Leonardo B. and Maria L. N. Silva. 2014. Coleodactylus meridionalis (meridian gecko) hatchling morphometrics. Herpetological Review 45 (4): 695-696
  • Ribeiro, Leonardo B.; Melissa Gogliath, Renato G. Rodrigues, Rebeca M. F. Barreto, Eliza M. X. Freire 2013. Two new records of Coleodactylus meridionalis (Boulenger, 1888) (Squamata, Sphaerodactylidae) in north-eastern Brazil, including a map and comments regarding its geographical distribution. Herpetology Notes 6: 23-27 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A. 2015. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. II. Gekkonidae, Phyllodactylidae, Sphaerodactylidae. Zootaxa 3981 (1): 001–055
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Silva, Marcélia Basto da; Wáldima Alves da Rocha, Janete Diane Nogueira-Paranhos 2016. CHECKLIST OF REPTILES FROM AN AREA OF CERRADO-CAATINGA ECOTONE, EAST MARANHÃO, BRAZIL. Herpetology Notes 9: 7-14 - get paper here
  • Soares-Oliveira, Bruno Halluan; Romilda Narciza Mendonça de Queiroz, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita 2015. Communal nests and hatchling size of Coleodactylus meridionalis (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae) in a Caatinga area, northeastern Brazil Herpetology Notes 8: 125-128 - get paper here
  • Vanzolini, P.E. 1974. Ecological and geographical distribution of lizards in Pernambuco, northeastern Brasil (Sauria). Papeis Avulsos de Zool. 28(4): 61-90.
  • Vanzolini,P.E. 1957. O genero Coleodactylus (Sauria, Gekkonidae). Pap. Avulsos Zool. 13 (1): 1-17
  • Vitt, L. J.; Caldwell, J. P.; Colli, G. R.; Garda, A. A.; Mesquita, D. O.; França, F. G. R. e Balbino, S. F. 2002. Um guia fotográfico dos répteis e anfíbios da região do Jalapão no Cerrado brasileiro. Norman, Oklahoma: Special Publications in Herpetology. San Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History
  • Wermuth, H. 1965. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Gekkonidae, Pygopodidae, Xantusiidae. Das Tierreich (80): 1—246
 
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