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Coluber schotti (BAIRD & GIRARD, 1853)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesColuber schotti ruthveni (ORTENBURGER 1923)
Coluber schotti schotti (BAIRD & GIRARD 1853) 
Common NamesSchott's Whipsnake
ruthveni: Ruthven's Whipsnake 
SynonymMasticophis schotti BAIRD & GIRARD 1853: 160
Masticophis taeniatus schotti — GLOYD & CONANT 1934
Masticophis taeniatus schotti — SMITH & TAYLOR 1945: 98
Masticophis taeniatus schotti — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 188
Masticophis schotti — CAMPER & DIXON 1994
Masticophis schotti — CROTHER 2000: 66
Coluber schotti — UTIGER et al. 2005 (by implication)
Masticophis schotti schotti — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Coluber schotti — CROTHER et al. 2012
Masticophis schotti — WALLACH et al. 2014: 419
Masticophis schotti — HEIMES 2016: 110
Masticophis schotti — O’CONNELL et al. 2017

Coluber schotti ruthveni ORTENBURGER, 1923
Masticophis ruthveni ORTENBURGER 1923
Masticophis taeniatus australis SMITH 1941
Masticophis taeniatus ruthveni — SMITH & TAYLOR 1945: 98
Masticophis taeniatus ruthveni — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 189
Masticophis taeniatus ruthveni — LINER 1994
Masticophis ruthveni — CAMPER & DIXON 1994
Masticophis schotti ruthveni — CROTHER 2000: 66
Masticophis ruthveni — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 322
Masticophis ruthveni — TENNANT 2003: 328
Masticophis schotti ruthveni — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Coluber schotti ruthveni — CROTHER et al. 2012 
DistributionUSA (Texas), Mexico (Coahuila, Hidalgo)

Type locality: Eagle Pass, Texas.

ruthveni: S Texas; Mexico (San Luis Potosi, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas, Quéretaro); Type locality: Brownsville, Texas.

schotti: S Texas Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: USNM
Holotype: UMMZ 57681 [ruthveni] 
CommentSynonymy: mostly after CAMPER 1996.

C. schotti ruthveni intergrades with C. taeniatus australis (fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1945). 
EtymologyNamed after Arthur Schott. 
  • Baird, S. F. and C. Girard. 1853. Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part 1.-Serpents. Smithsonian Inst., Washington, xvi + 172 pp. - get paper here
  • Camper J D. 1996. Masticophis schotti. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (638): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Camper J D. Dixon J R. 1994. Geographic variation and systematics of the striped whipsnakes (Masticophis taeniatus complex; Reptilia: Serpentes: Colubridae). Annals of the Carnegie Museum 63 (1): 1-48.
  • Collins, J.T. and <br />T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Dixon, James R. and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2010. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Queretaro, Mexico. Tlalnepantla UNAM, 428 pp.
  • Fernández-Badillo, Leonardo, David R. Aguillón-Gutiérrez, Sharon Yedid Valdez-Rentería, Juan Alfonso Hernández-Melo, Cristian Raùl Olvera Olvera, Francisco Javier Callejas-Jiménez, Melisa Hernández-Ramos, José Carlos Iturbe-Morgado, Ferdinand Torres- 2016. First records for amphibians and reptiles from the municipality of Atotonilco el Grande, Hidalgo, México. Herpetological Review 47 (1): 91-93
  • Fugler, Charles M.;Webb, Robert G. 1956. Distributional notes on some reptiles and amphibians from southern and central Coahuila. Herpetologica 12: 167-171 - get paper here
  • Gloyd, Howard K.;Conant, Roger 1934. The taxonomic status, range, and natural history of Schott's racer. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (287): 1-17 + 3 plates
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • O'Connell, K. A., Streicher, J. W., Smith, E. N. and Fujita, M. K. 2017. Geographical features are the predominant driver of molecular diversification in widely distributed North American Whipsnakes. Mol Ecol., DOI: 10.1111/mec.14295 - get paper here
  • Ortenburger, A.I. 1923. A note on the genera Coluber and Masticophis and a description of a new species of Masticophis. Occ. Papers. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, No. 139: 1-14
  • Parker W S 1982. Masticophis taeniatus (Hallowell). Striped whipsnake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 304: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Powell, Randy L.; Soto, M. Andres; Leidner, Michael L.; Austin, Wendy R. 2007. Masticophis schotti schotti (Schott’s Whipsnake). Maximum Size Record. Herpetological Review 38 (2): 208-209 - get paper here
  • Tennant, A. 2003. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions, revised edition. Lone Star Books, 605 pp.
  • Tennant, A. & Bartlett, R.D. 2000. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions. Gulf Publishing, Houston, TX, 588 pp.
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Thornton, Okla W., Jr.;Smith, Jerry R. 1993. New county records of amphibians and reptiles from West-Central Texas. Herpetological Review 24 (1): 35-36 - get paper here
  • Utiger, U.; Schatti, B. & Helfenberger, N. 2005. The oriental colubrine genus Coelognathus FITZINGER, 1843 and classification of old and new world racers and ratsnakes (Reptilia, Squamata, Colubridae, Colubrinae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 12 (1): 39-60 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werler, John E. & James R. Dixon 2000. Texas Snakes. University of Texas Press, 544 pages
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