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Coniophanes andresensis BAILEY, 1937

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesSan Andres Snake 
SynonymConiophanes fissidens andresensis BAILEY 1937: 4
Coniophanes brevifrons BAILEY 1937
Coniophanes brevifrons — BAILEY 1939: 23
Coniophanes fissidens andresensis — BAILEY 1939: 23
Coniophanes fissidens andresensis — DUNN 1944: 495
Coniophanes fissidens andresensis — MYERS 1966
Coniophanes andressensis — PEREZ-SANTOS & MORENO 1988: 126
Coniophanes andresensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 596
Coniophanes andresensis — SAVAGE 2002: 593
Coniophanes andresensis — MCNISH 2011 
DistributionColombia (Isla San Andres, Lesser Antilles)

Type locality: St Andrews Island [fide MCZ type catalogue]  
TypesHolotype: MCZ R-31867
Holotype: ANSP 3349 [brevifrons] 
CommentSynonymy: listed as synonym of Coniophanes fissidens by WALLACH et al. 2014: 174.

Distribution: Isla San Andres previously belonged to Nicaragua, hence older records may mention this country. Now San Andres belongs to Colombia. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Bailey, J. R. 1937. New forms of Coniophanes Hallowell, and the status of Dromicus clavatus. Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan 362: 1-6
  • Bailey, J. R. 1939. A systematic study of the snakes of the genus Coniophanes. Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. Arts Lett. 24 [1938]: 1-48. - get paper here
  • Beolens, ; Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Caicedo-PoRtilla, José Rances 2014. Rediscovery of Mabuya berengerae, Mabuya pergravis (Squamata: Scincidae) and Coniophanes andresensis (Squamata: Colubridae), and assesment of its threatened status in the San Andrés and Providencia Islands, Colombia [in Spanish]. Caldasia 36 (1):181-201
  • McNish, T. 2011. La fauna del archipiélago de San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina, Colombia, Sudamérica. Colomba Andina de Impresos, ISBN 978-958-99518-1-1
  • Myers, C. W. 1966. A new species of colubrid snake, genus Coniophanes, from Darién, Panama. Copeia 1966 (4): 665-668 - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Valdivieso, D. & J.R. Tamsitt 1963. A Check List and Key to the Amphibian and Reptiles of Providencia and San Andres. Carib. J. Sci. 3 (2/3): 77-79
  • Zug, G. R., S. B. Hedges, and S. Sunkel. 1979. Variation in reproductive parameters of three neotropical snakes, Coniophanes fissidens, Dipsas catesbyi, and Imantodes cenchoa. Smithsonian Contr. Zool. 300:1-20 - get paper here
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