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Coniophanes imperialis (BAIRD & GIRARD, 1859)

IUCN Red List - Coniophanes imperialis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesConiophanes imperialis imperialis (BAIRD 1859)
Coniophanes imperialis clavatus (PETERS 1864)
Coniophanes imperialis copei HARTWEG & OLIVER 1938 
Common NamesBlack-striped Snake
imperialis: Tamaulipan Black-striped Snake 
SynonymTaeniophis imperialis (BAIRD 1859: 23)
Taeniophis imperialis BAIRD & GIRARD 1859: 23
Tachymenis imperialis — GARMAN 1884: 61
Coniophanes imperialis - VILLA et al. 1988
Coniophanes imperialis imperialis — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 216
Coniophanes imperialis — LINER 1994
Coniophanes imperialis — FLORES-VILLELA & SMITH 2009
Coniophanes imperialis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 177

Coniophanes imperialis imperialis (BAIRD, 1859)
Taeniophis imperialis BAIRD & GIRARD 1859: 23
Glaphyrophis lateralis JAN 1863: 304
Coniophanes imperialis imperialis — BAILEY 1939: 34
Coniophanes imperialis imperialis — TAYLOR 1949: 209
Coniophanes imperialis imperialis — CONANT 1955
Coniophanes imperialis imperialis — CROTHER 2000: 59
Coniophanes imperialis imperialis — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 462
Coniophanes imperialis — CROTHER et al. 2012
Coniophanes imperialis imperialis — COPE 1900: 1090 (1898)

Coniophanes imperialis clavatus (PETERS 1864)
Dromicus (Dromicus) clavatus PETERS 1864: 388
Coniophanes imperialis clavatus — BAILEY 1939: 35
Coniophanes imperialis clavatus — BAUER et al. 1995: 71

Coniophanes imperialis copei HARTWEG & OLIVER 1938
Coniophanes imperialis copei HARTWEG & OLIVER 1938
Coniophanes imperialis copei — BAILEY 1939: 42
Coniophanes imperialis copei — SMITH & TAYLOR 1945: 41
Coniophanes imperialis copei — KLUGE 1984: 51 
DistributionUSA (S Texas),
Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Veracruz, Yucatan, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Hidalgo, San Luis Potosí, Puebla [HR 30: 235], México, Nuevo León),
Belize, Guatemala, N Honduras (Islas de la Bahia and Utila)

clavatus: Mexico (Veracruz); Type locality: “Mexico”; restricted to “Potrero Viejo” [Veracruz] by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.

copei: Mexico (Oaxaca); Type locality: “between Quiengola Mountain and Tehuantepec, Oaxaca”

imperialis: USA (S Texas); Type locality: Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 2060
Holotype: ZMB 5106 [clavatus]
Holotype: UMMZ 82666 [copei] 
CommentOriginal description given by TAYLOR 1949 as “Girard, The U. S. Naval Astronomical Expedition to the Southern Hemisphere during the years 1849-'50-'51-'52, Reptiles, Senate Doc, no. 121, 1855: 216”. 
EtymologyThe specific name is derived from the Latin word imperialis, meaning "of the empire," in reference to its regal appearance. 
References
  • Bailey, J. R. 1939. A systematic study of the snakes of the genus Coniophanes. Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. Arts Lett. 24 [1938]: 1-48. - get paper here
  • Baird, S.F. 1859. Reptiles of the Boundary. In: United States and Mexican Boundary Survey under the Order of Lieut. Col. W. H. Emory, Major First Cavalry, and United States Commisioner. 2, Rept., Pt.2. Department of the Interior, Washington, 35 pp. - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
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  • Koller, Rene 2005. Herpetologoische waarnemingen in Belize, deel 2: reptielen. Lacerta 63 (1): 4-19 - get paper here
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  • Urbina-Cardona, J. Nicolás; Mario Olivares-Pérez, Víctor Hugo Reynoso 2006. Herpetofauna diversity and microenvironment correlates across a pasture–edge–interior ecotone in tropical rainforest fragments in the Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Reserve of Veracruz, Mexico. Biological Conservation 132: 61–75
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