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Corallus batesii (GRAY, 1860)

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Boinae), Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymChrysenis batesi GRAY 1860: 132
Corallus caninus — BOULENGER 1893:102
Boa canina — AMARAL 1925:8
Corallus caninus — PETERS and DONOSO-BARROS 1970:72
Corallus batesii — HENDERSON et al. 2009
Corallus batesii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 182 
DistributionBrazil (Amazonas, Pará), Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia; elevation 0-1000 m

Type locality: "Upper Amazon".  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: NHM 1859.12.28.12 
CommentThis species has been revalidated from the synonymy Corallus caninus by HENDERSON et al. 2009.

Corallus batesi and C. caninus can interbreed in captivity and litter are perfectly fertile. Hybrids from batesi x caninus show dorsal pattern of caninus without dark shading inside white marks (often with larger white triangles) and iregoular lateral white marks like batesi, often more and irregular (Angelo Cabodi, peres. comm.)

Original description: “Pale brown, with a series of oblong subangular black-edged pale spots on the hinder part of the back, which become broader and more distinct as they approach the end of the tail, and with a series of distant small roundish black-edged spots on the lower part of the middle of the body, the hinder spot largest and nearest to the edge of the ventral shield [from GRAY 1860]. 
EtymologyEtymology.—The epithet, a Latinized noun, honors Henry Walter Bates (1825–1892), the British naturalist who spent 11 years in Brazilian Amazonia collecting and studying its flora and fauna. 
References
  • Avila-Pires, Teresa C.S.; Kleiton R. Alves-Silva, Laís Barbosa, Fabrício S. Correa, Jorge F. A. Cosenza, Ana Paula V. Costa-Rodrigues, Aurea A. Cronemberger, Marinus S. Hoogmoed, Geraldo R. Lima-Filho, Adriano O. Maciel, Alexandre F. R. Missassi, Lyw 2018. Changes in Amphibian and Reptile Diversity Over Time in Parque Estadual do Utinga, a Protected Area Surrounded by Urbanization Herpetology Notes 11: 499-512 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Serpentes do Estado de Rondônia, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 12(3): 1-29 - get paper here
  • CATENAZZI, A., LEHR, E. & VON MAY, R. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Manu National Park and its buffer zone, Amazon basin and eastern slopes of the Andes, Peru. Biota Neotrop. 13(4): 269-283
  • Fraga R de, Stow AJ, Magnusson WE, Lima AP 2014. The Costs of Evaluating Species Densities and Composition of Snakes to Assess Development Impacts in Amazonia. PLoS One 9 (8): e105453. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0105453 - get paper here
  • Gray, J.E. 1860. Description of a new genus of Boidae discovered by Mr. Bates on the Upper Amazon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 6: 131-132 - get paper here
  • Henderson, R. W. 2015. Neotropical Treeboas - Natural History of the Corallus hortulanus Complex Edition Chimaira. ISBN 9783899734386. 338 pp.
  • Henderson, R. W., Pauers, M. J. and Colston, T. J. 2013. On the congruence of morphology, trophic ecology, and phylogeny in Neotropical treeboas (Squamata: Boidae: Corallus). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 109: 466–475. doi: 10.1111/bij.12052 - get paper here
  • Henderson, Robert W. and Michael J. Pauers 2012. On the Diets of Neotropical Treeboas (Squamata: Boidae: Corallus). South American J. Herp. 7 (2): 172-180. - get paper here
  • Henderson, Robert W., Paulo Passos and Darlan Feitosa 2009. Geographic variation in the Emerald Treeboa, Corallus caninus (Squamata: Boidae). Copeia 2009 (3): 572-582. - get paper here
  • Henderson, Robert W.; Michael J. Pauers and Timothy J. Colston 2013. On the congruence of morphology, trophic ecology, and phylogeny in Neotropical treeboas (Squamata: Boidae: Corallus). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12052 - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Regent, Mark 2012. Grüne Hundskopfschlinger Corallus caninus und Corallus batesii. Natur und Tier Verlag, 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Reynolds, R. Graham and Robert W. Henderson 2018. Boas of the World (Superfamily Booidae): A Checklist With Systematic, Taxonomic, and Conservation Assessments. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology Sep 2018, Vol. 162, No. 1: 1-58. - get paper here
  • Santos-Costa, Maria Cristina dos; Gleomar Fabiano Maschio, Ana Lúcia da Costa Prudente 2015. Natural history of snakes from Floresta Nacional de Caxiuanã, eastern Amazonia, Brazil Herpetology Notes 8: 69-98 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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