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Crocodylus johnsoni KREFFT, 1873

IUCN Red List - Crocodylus johnsoni - , LR

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Higher TaxaCrocodylidae (Crocodylia, crocodiles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Freshwater Crocodile, Johnstone River Crocodile
G: Australienkrokodil, Süßwasserkrokodil 
SynonymCrocodylus johnsoni KREFFT 1873
Tomistoma kreffti GRAY in KREFFT 1873 (nomen nudum)
Crocodilus (Philas) johnstoni — GRAY 1874
Crocodilus Johnsoni — GARMAN 1901: 13
Philas johnstoni — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984
Crocodylus johnstoni — COGGER 2000: 174
Crocodylus johnsoni — ZUG et al. 2001: 463
Crocodylus johnstoni — MILES et al. 2009
Oopholis (Philas) jackyhoserae HOSER 2012 
DistributionNorthern Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland and Western Australia)

Type locality: "Cashmere, upper Herbert River, Qld" (= Queensland), Australia.  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: AMS 4629 skeleton, AMS 4627 stuffed skin minus head from same specimen 
Comment 
EtymologyNamed for Sub-Inspector Robert A. Johnstone. After receiving a letter from Krefft explaining the mistaken original spelling, Gray (1874) tried to correct the specific epithet to johnstoni; see also Boulenger (1889: 279). Unfortunately, in this instance the rules for correcting incorrect original spellings, Art. 32d of the International Rules of Zoological Nomenclature, do not apply. A name based on a typographical error can be emended by subsequent authors without a ruling from the Intl. Comm. Zool. Nomen. However, Krefft used the name johnsoni several times in the original description so it clearly does not qualify as a typographical error. Until a successful appeal is made to the Intl. Comm. Zool. Nomencl., the name must stand as originally published (after KING & BURKE 1989). 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1889. Catalogue of the Chelonians, Rhynchocephalians, and Crocodiles in the British Museum (Natural History). British Museum, London, 311 pp.
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Garman, S. 1901. Some reptiles and batrachians from Australasia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 39: 1-14 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1874. On Crocodilus johnstoni, Krefft. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1874: 177-178 - get paper here
  • Grießhammer, K. 2007. Crikey- Ein Besuch beim Australia zoo. Reptilia (Münster) 12 (67): 82-86 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R.T. 2012. A review of the taxonomy of the living crocodiles including the description of three new tribes, a new genus, and two new species. Australasian J. Herpetol. 14:9–16. - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • King, F. Wayne & Burke, Russel L. 1989. Crocodilian, Tuatara, and Turtles Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Assoc. Syst. Coll., Washington, DC, xxii + 216 pp.
  • Krefft,G. 1873. Remarks on Australian crocodiles, and description of a new species. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1873: 334-335 - get paper here
  • Longman, H.A. 1925. Crocodilus johnstoni Krefft. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 8: 95-102
  • Meganathan, P.R.; Bhawna Dubey, Mark A. Batzer, David A. Ray, Ikramul Haque 2010. Molecular phylogenetic analyses of genus Crocodylus (Eusuchia, Crocodylia, Crocodylidae) and the taxonomic position of Crocodylus porosus. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57 (1): 393-402 - get paper here
  • Miles, Lee G.; Stacey L. Lance; Sally R. Isberg; <br />Chris Moran; Travis C. Glenn 2009. Cross-species amplification of microsatellites in crocodilians: assessment and applications for the future. Conserv Genet. 10:935–954
  • Nickel, H. & Auliya, M. 2004. Krokodile - faszinierende Überlebenskünstler. Draco 5 (20): 4-19 - get paper here
  • Piras, Paolo; Luciano Teresi; Angela D. Buscalioni and Jorge Cubo 2009. The shadow of forgotten ancestors differently constrains the fate of Alligatoroidea and Crocodyloidea. Global Ecology and Biogeography (Global Ecol. Biogeogr.) 18: 30–40
  • Ross, C.A. (Hrsg.) 2002. Krokodile und Alligatoren. [English original published in 1996]. Orbis, München, 240 pp.
  • Rössel, D. 2010. Gefährliche Tiere in Berlin ... Reptilia (Münster) 15 (82): 3,6 - get paper here
  • Somaweera, Ruchira and Richard Shine 2012. Australian Freshwater Crocodiles (Crocodylus johnstoni) Transport Their Hatchlings to the Water. Journal of Herpetology 46 (3): 407-411. - get paper here
  • Sommerlad, R. 2011. Krokodile – Reptiliengiganten in Gefahr. Reptilia (Münster) 16 (87): 16-22 - get paper here
  • Strimple, Peter D. 1995. Australia's freshwater crocodile. Reptile & Amphibian Magazine 1995 (Sept./Oct.): 66-75
  • Trutnau, L. & Sommerlad, R. 2006. Krokodile - Biologie und Haltung. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 646 pp. [review in Reptilia Münster 11 (6): 95-96]
  • Trutnau, L. & Sommerlad, R. 2006. Crocodilians. Their natural history and captive husbandry. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 646 pp. [review in Reptilia GB 48: 8-10]
  • Tucker, A.D. 2010. The correct name to be applied to the Australian freshwater crocodile, Crocodylus johnstoni (Krefft 1873). Australian Zoologist 35 (2):432-434
  • Wells R W; Wellington C R 1984. A synopsis of the class Reptilia in Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology 1 (3-4): 73-129 [1983]
  • Wermuth,H. & Fuchs,K. 1978. Bestimmen von Krokodilen und ihrer Häute. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart - New York, 100 pages, [ISBN 3-437-30268-X]
  • Willis, Ray E. 2009. Transthyretin gene (TTR) intron 1 elucidates crocodylian phylogenetic relationships. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53 (3): 1049-1054 - get paper here
  • Zug,G.R.; Vitt, L.J. & Caldwell, J.P. 2001. Herpetology, 2nd ed. Academic Press San Diego, London, [...]XIV + 630 pp.
 
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