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Crocodylus novaeguineae SCHMIDT, 1928

IUCN Red List - Crocodylus novaeguineae - Least Concern, LR

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Higher TaxaCrocodylidae (Crocodylia, crocodiles)
Common NamesE: New Guinea crocodile
G: Neuguinea-Krokodil 
SynonymCrocodylus novaeguineae SCHMIDT 1928
Philas novaeguineae — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984
Crocodylus novaeguineae — KING & BURKE 1989
Oopholis (Philas) adelynhoserae HOSER 2012 
DistributionIndonesia, Papua New Guinea, Aru islands (probably extinct here)

Type locality: "Ibundo, lower Sepik River, northern New Guinea".  
TypesHolotype: FMNH 13092 
CommentSynonymy: KAISER et al. 2013 rejected all names coined by HOSER in or after 2000.

Distribution: populations south of the central highlands have been split off as C. halli. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Burgin, S. 1980. The status of the biology and ecology of Papua New Guinea's crocodile, Crocodylus novaeguineae (Schmidt). Science in New Guinea 7 (3): 163-170
  • Hall, P.M. 1985. Brachycephalic Growth and Dental Anomalies in the New Guinea Crocodile (Crocodylus novaeguineae) Journal of Herpetology 19 (2): 300-303. - get paper here
  • Hall, P.M. 1989. Variation in geographic isolates of the New Guinea crocodile (Crocodylus novaeguineae Schmidt) compared with the similar, allopatric, Philippine crocodile (C. mindorensis Schmidt). Copeia 1989 (1): 71-80 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R.T. 2012. A review of the taxonomy of the living crocodiles including the description of three new tribes, a new genus, and two new species. Australasian J. Herpetol. 14:9–16. - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Man, Zhang; Wang Yishu, Yan Peng & Wu Xiaobing 2011. Crocodilian phylogeny inferred from twelve mitochondrial protein-coding genes, with new complete mitochondrial genomic sequences for Crocodylus acutus and Crocodylus novaeguineae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 60: 62–67 - get paper here
  • Meganathan, P.R.; Bhawna Dubey, Mark A. Batzer, David A. Ray, Ikramul Haque 2010. Molecular phylogenetic analyses of genus Crocodylus (Eusuchia, Crocodylia, Crocodylidae) and the taxonomic position of Crocodylus porosus. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57 (1): 393-402 - get paper here
  • Miles, Lee G.; Stacey L. Lance; Sally R. Isberg; Chris Moran; Travis C. Glenn 2009. Cross-species amplification of microsatellites in crocodilians: assessment and applications for the future. Conservation Genetics. 10:935–954
  • Montague, J.J. 1984. Morphometric analysis of Crocodylus novaeguineae from the Fly River drainage, Papua New Guinea. Aust. Wildl. Res. 11: 395-414 - get paper here
  • Montague, J.J. 1984. Abnormalities and Injuries in New Guinea Freshwater Crocodiles (Crocodylus novaeguineae) Journal of Herpetology 18 (2): 201-204. - get paper here
  • Murray, Christopher M.; Peter Russo, Alexander Zorrilla, Caleb D. McMahan 2019. Divergent Morphology among Populations of the New Guinea Crocodile, Crocodylus novaeguineae (Schmidt, 1928): Diagnosis of an Independent Lineage and Description of a New Species. Copeia 107 (3): 517-523 - get paper here
  • Neill, W.T. 1946. Notes on Crocodylus novae-guineae. Copeia 1946 (1): 17-20 - get paper here
  • Nickel, H. & Auliya, M. 2004. Krokodile - faszinierende Überlebenskünstler. Draco 5 (20): 4-19 - get paper here
  • PAN, TAO; JIA-SHUN MIAO, HUA-BIN ZHANG, PENG YAN, PING-SHIN LEE, XIN-YUE JIANG, JIA-HUI OUYANG, YOU-PENG DENG, BAO-WEI ZHANG & XIAO-BING WU. 2021. Near-complete phylogeny of extant Crocodylia (Reptilia) using mitogenome-based data. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 191(4): 1075–1089. - get paper here
  • Piras, Paolo; Luciano Teresi; Angela D. Buscalioni and Jorge Cubo 2009. The shadow of forgotten ancestors differently constrains the fate of Alligatoroidea and Crocodyloidea. Global Ecology and Biogeography (Global Ecol. Biogeogr.) 18: 30–40 - get paper here
  • Radke, R. 2002. Krokodile - Expeditionen zu den Erben der Saurier. Gustav Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach, 288 pp.
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1928. A new crocodile from New Guinea. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 12 (14): 175-181 - get paper here
  • Trutnau, L. & Sommerlad, R. 2006. Krokodile - Biologie und Haltung. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 646 pp. [review in Reptilia Münster 11 (6): 95-96]
  • Trutnau, L. & Sommerlad, R. 2006. Crocodilians. Their natural history and captive husbandry. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 646 pp. [review in Reptilia GB 48: 8-10]
  • Wells R W; Wellington C R 1984. A synopsis of the class Reptilia in Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology 1 (3-4): 73-129 [1983]
  • Wermuth,H. & Fuchs,K. 1978. Bestimmen von Krokodilen und ihrer Häute. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart - New York, 100 pages, [ISBN 3-437-30268-X]
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