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Crotalus basiliscus (COPE, 1864)

IUCN Red List - Crotalus basiliscus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Mexican West-Coast Rattlesnake, Basilisk Rattlesnake
G: Basilisken-Klapperschlange 
SynonymCaudisona basilisca COPE 1864: 66
Crotalus basiliscus — COPE 1885: 180
Crotalus basiliscus basiliscus GLOYD 1948
Crotalus basiliscus basiliscus — KLAUBER 1952: 79
Crotalus basiliscus — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 1989: 335
Crotalus basiliscus — LINER 1994
Crotalus basiliscus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 278
Caudisona (Smythus) basiliscus — HOSER 2009
Crotalus basiliscus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 188 
DistributionMexico (Sinaloa, Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, Michoacan, Sonora, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes)

Type locality: "Near Colima, Mexico." Proposed emendation to Colima, Mexico by Smith and Taylor, 1950: 328. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 53586 
CommentVenomous!

Nomenclature: Hoser’s 2009 classification and nomenclature has been rejected as unnecessary and unavailable by WÜSTER & BERNILS 2011. 
References
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Carbajal-Màrquez, Rubèn A., Gustavo E. Quintero-Dìaz and Eric A. Rivas-Mercado. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Crotalus basiliscus (Mexican West Coast rattlesnake). Herpetological Review 46 (2): 219
  • Carbajal-Márquez, Rubén A., Jorge A. Bañuelos-Alamillo, Eric A. Rivas-Mercado, Gustavo E. Quintero-Díaz and Marco A. Domínguez-De La Riva. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Crotalus basiliscus (Mexican west coast rattlesnake). Herpetological Review 46 (3): 385
  • Cobarrubias, Edgar Flores; Daniel Cruz-Sáenz, and David Lazcano 2012. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Western Mexico 6: Amphibians and Reptiles of Hostotipaquillo, Jalisco, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 47 (2):21-26 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1864. Contributions to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 16: 166-181. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. Twelfth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 167-194 [1884] - get paper here
  • Enderson, Erik F.; Thomas R. Van Devender, Robert L. Bezy 2014. Amphibians and reptiles of Yécora, Sonora and the Madrean Tropical Zone of the Sierra Madre Occidental in northwestern Mexico. Check List 10 (4): 913-926 - get paper here
  • García, A. & Ceballos, G. 1994. GUIA DE CAMPO DE LOS 'REPTILES Y ANFIBIOS DE LA COSTA DE JALISCO, MEXICO. FUNDACION ECOLOGICA DE CUIXMALA, A.C. INSTITUTO DE BIOLOGIA, UNAM
  • Gloyd, Howard K. 1948. Description of a neglected subspecies of rattlesnake from Mexico. Natural History Miscellanea (17): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Hoser, R. 2009. A reclassification of the rattlesnakes; species formerly exclusively referred to the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus. Australasian J. Herpetol. 3: 1-21 - get paper here
  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1952. Taxonomic studies on rattlesnakes of Mainland Mexico. Bulletins of the Zoological Society of San Diego (26): 1-143
  • Loc-Barragán, Jesús A., Rubén A. Carbajal-Márquez, Guillermo A. Woolrich-Piña and Roy R. Navarro-Orozco. 2016. Crotalus basiliscus. Arboreal habitat use/ Litter size. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (2): 494-496 - get paper here
  • McCranie J R 1981. Crotalus basiliscus (Cope). Mexican west coast rattlesnake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 283: 1-2 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Meik, Jesse M and André Pires-daSilva 2009. Evolutionary morphology of the rattlesnake style. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2009, 9:35 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P.;Shannon, Frederick A. 1947. Notes on amphibians and reptiles of Michoacan, Mexico. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 31 (9): 63-85
  • Smith, Hobart M. & Taylor, Edward H. 1950. Type localities of Mexican reptiles and amphibians. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (8): 313-380 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Webb, R.G. 1984. Herpetogeography in the Mazatlán-Durango Region of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico. Vetrebrate Ecology and Systematics - A ribute to Henry S. Fitch; Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, pp. 217-241
  • Wüster, W. & Bérnils, R.S. 2011. On the generic classification of the rattlesnakes, with special reference to the Neotropical Crotalus durissus complex (Squamata: Viperidae). ZOOLOGIA 28 (4): 417–419
  • Zweifel, Richard G. 1959. Additions to the herpetofauna of Nayarit, Mexico. American Museum Novitates (1953): 1-13 - get paper here
 
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