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Crotalus cerastes HALLOWELL, 1854

IUCN Red List - Crotalus cerastes - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesCrotalus cerastes cerastes HALLOWELL 1854
Crotalus cerastes cercobombus SAVAGE & CLIFF 1953
Crotalus cerastes laterorepens KLAUBER 1944 
Common NamesE: Sidewinder (cerastes: Mjave desert sidewinder; cercobombus: Sonoran desert sidewinder; laterorepens: Colorado desert sidewinder)
G: Seitenwinder, Gehörnte Klapperschlange 
SynonymCrotalus cerastes cerastes HALLOWELL 1854
Crotalus cerastes HALLOWELL 1854: 95
Crotalus cerastes cerastes KLAUBER 1944
Crotalus cerastes — STEBBINS 1985: 229
Crotalus cerastes — LINER 1994
Crotalus cerastes — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 279
Crotalus crastes [sic] — ALDRIDGE & DUVALL 2002 (in error)
Aechmophrys cerastes — HOSER 2009
Crotalus cerastes cerastes — BEAMAN & HAYES 2008
Crotalus cerastes — WALLACH et al. 2014: 189

Crotalus cerastes cercobombus SAVAGE & CLIFF 1953
Crotalus cerastes cercobombus — BEAMAN & HAYES 2008
Crotalus cerastes cercobombus — SKUBOWIUS 2012

Crotalus cerastes laterorepens KLAUBER 1944
Crotalus cerastes laterorepens — KLAUBER 1952: 112
Crotalus cerastes laterorepens — BEAMAN & HAYES 2008 
DistributionUSA (SE California, S Nevada, SW Arizona, SW Utah),
Mexico (Baja California Norte, NW Sonora)

cerastes: E California, W Nevada, SW Utah, NW Arizona; Type locality: bank of the Mojave River and Mojave Desert, California, USA.

cercobombus: Mexico (NW Sonora), USA (Arizona); Type locality: near Gila Bend, Maricopa County, Arizona, USA.

laterorepens: California, Arizona, NE Baja California, NW Sonora; Type locality: The Narrows, San Diego County, California, USA. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: ANSP 7098
Holotype at CAS, formerly Natural History Museum Stanford University; Paratypes SDSNH 979-981, 2324, 2325, 17068-17071, 17072, 17073, 22410-22412, 23879, 23888-23890, 25499, 25553-25555, 25854-25857, 26915, 38660, 39082, 39088, 40893, 41110, 41116, 41362, 41363, 41241 [cercobombus]
Holotype: SDSNH 34074; paratypes SDSNH [laterorepens] 
CommentVenomous! Crotalus scutulatus scutulatus and Crotalus cerastes laterorepens hybridized in captivity. The validity of the subspecies of C. cerastes is questioned by CROTHER (2000).

Nomenclature: Hoser’s 2009 classification and nomenclature has been rejected as unnecessary and unavailable by WÜSTER & BERNILS 2011. 
  • Aldridge, R.D. & Duvall, D. 2002. Evolution of the mating season in the pitvipers of North America. Herpetological Monographs 16: 1-25 - get paper here
  • Alshammari, Ahmed M. Eman El-Abd; Massimo Ciccozzi; Alessandra Lo Presti; Marta Giovanetti; Eleonora Cella 2014. Single-Gene Versus Double-Gene Tree Analyses in Molecular Classification of Saudi Venomous Snakes. Arab J Sci Eng.; <br />DOI 10.1007/s13369-014-1491-y - get paper here
  • Bakker, John 2003. My experiences in keeping and breeding Crotalus cerastes Hallowell, 1854. Litteratura Serpentium 23 (3): 141-144 - get paper here
  • Beaman, K.R. & Hayes, W.K. 2008. Rattlesnakes: Research Trends and Annotated Checklist. In: Hayes et al. (eds), The biology of rattlesnakes. Loma Linda University Press, pp. 5-16
  • Bezy, R. L., P. C. Rosen, T. R. Van Devender, and E. F. Enderson. 2017. Southern distributional limits of the Sonoran Desert herpetofauna along the mainland coast of northwestern Mexico. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(1): 138–167 - get paper here
  • Blomstem, Patrik, Gordon W. Schuett, Mats Höggren and Randall S. Reiserer. 2016. Fifteen consecutive years of successful reproduction in a captive female Sidewinder (Crotalus cerastes) Herpetological Review 47 (1): 69-72
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Cunningham, John D. 1966. Field Observations on the Thermal Relations of Rattlesnakes. Southwestern Naturalist 11 (1): 140-142 - get paper here
  • Douglas, Michael E.; Marlis R. Douglas, Gordon W. Schuett & Louis W. Porras 2006. Evolution of Rattlesnakes (Viperidae: Crotalus) in the Warm Deserts of Western North America Shaped by Neogene Vicariance and Quaternary Climate Change. Molecular Ecology 15: 3353-3374
  • Goodman, C.M., Schraft, H.A. & Clark, R.W. 2017. Crotalus cerastes (Sidewinder) Diet / Scavenging. Herpetological Review 48 (3): 670.
  • Hallowell,E. 1854. Description of new reptiles from California. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 7 [1854]: 91-97 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Hoser, R. 2009. A reclassification of the rattlesnakes; species formerly exclusively referred to the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus. Australasian J. Herpetol. 3: 1-21 - get paper here
  • Jones, Thomas R.; Randall D. Babb, Frank R. Hensley, Christine LiWanPo, and Brian K. Sullivan 2011. Sonoran Desert Snake Communities at Two Sites: Concordance and Effects of Increased Road Traffic. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (1): 61-71 - get paper here
  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1944. The sidewinder, Crotalus cerastes, with description of a new subspecies. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 10 (8): 91-126 - get paper here
  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1952. Taxonomic studies on rattlesnakes of Mainland Mexico. Bulletins of the Zoological Society of San Diego (26): 1-143
  • Klauber, Lawrence M. 1943. The correlation of variability within and between rattlesnake populations. Copeia 1943 (2): 115-118 - get paper here
  • Lillywhite, Harvey B. 2014. How Snakes Work: Structure, Function and Behavior of the World's Snakes. Oxford University Press, New York, 256 pp
  • Marvi, Hamidreza; Chaohui Gong, Nick Gravish, Henry Astley, Matthew Travers, Ross L. Hatton, Joseph R. Mendelson III, Howie Choset, David L. Hu, and Daniel I. Goldman 2014. Sidewinding with minimal slip: Snake and robot ascent of sandy slopes. Science 346 (6206): 224-229; DOI: 10.1126/science.1255718 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Meik, Jesse M and André Pires-daSilva 2009. Evolutionary morphology of the rattlesnake style. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2009, 9:35 - get paper here
  • Nevárez-de los Reyes; Manuel, David Lazcano, Javier Banda-Leal and Ian Recchio 2014. Notes on Mexican Herpetofauna 22: Herpetofauna of the Continental Portion of theMunicipality of Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 49(8):105-115 - get paper here
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Powell, R.; Inboden, M. & Smith, D.B. 1990. Erstnachweis von Hybriden zwischen den Klapperschlangen Crotalus cerastes laterorepens KLAUBER 1944 und Crotalus scutulatus scutulatus (KENNICOTT 1861). Salamandra 26 (4): 319-320 - get paper here
  • Randel, C.J., III, and H.O. Clark, Jr. 2007. Mojave Desert Sidewinder (Crotalus cerastes cerastes) Behavior. Sonoran Herpetologist 20 (9):96. - get paper here
  • Reiserer, Randall S. and Gordon W. Schuett 2016. The Origin and Evolution of the Rattlesnake Rattle: Misdirection, Clarification, Theory, and Progress - get paper here
  • Rorabaugh, J.C. 2007. Apparent rain harvesting by a Colorado Desert Sidewinder (Crotalus cerastes laterorepens). Sonoran Herpetologist 20 (12):128-129. - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. and Cliff, F.S. 1953. A new subspecies of sidewinder, Crotalus cerastes, from Arizona. Nat. Hist. Misc. (Chicago Acad. Sci. J (119): 1-7
  • Sievert, J. 2002. Crotalus cerastes HALLOWELL. Sauria (Suppl.) 24 (3): 559-564 - get paper here
  • Sievert, J. 2002. Beobachtungen bei der Vergesellschaftung von männlichen Crotalus cerastes cerastes HALLOWELL 1854 im Terrarium. Sauria 24 (3): 45-46 - get paper here
  • Sievert, Jens 2008. Die Seitenwinderklapperschlange Crotalus cerastes. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Skubowius, Bernd 2012. Auf Schlangensuche in Arizona. Draco 13 (50): 62-69 - get paper here
  • Spinner, L. 2017. Die Klapperschlangen der USA in Natur und Terrarium Reptilia (Münster) 22 (124): 18-33 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Strimple, Pete 1993. Crotalus cerastes, the Sidewinder. Litteratura Serpentium 13 (6): 180-183 - get paper here
  • Tai-A-Pin,J. 2008. Crotalus cerastes, De Sidewinder of hoornratelslang. Lacerta 66 (1-3): 22-29 - get paper here
  • Teunissen, Daisy 2012. Crotalus cerastes cercobombus. Litteratura Serpentium 32 (4): 236-245 - get paper here
  • Walde, Andrew D.; Andrea Currylow, Angela M. Walde, Joel Strong 2016. Arboreal Behaviours of the Sidewinder (Crotalus cerastes) Rattlesnake Herpetology Notes 9: 55-58 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Webber, Michael M.; Tereza Jezkova, and Javier A. Rodríguez-Robles<br /> 2016. Feeding Ecology of Sidewinder Rattlesnakes, Crotalus cerastes (Viperidae) Herpetologica, Vol. 72, No. 4, December 2016: 324-330.<br /> - get paper here
  • Werning, Heiko 2012. Die Reptilien und Amphibien des Südwestens. Draco 13 (50): 18-60 - get paper here
  • Winchell, S. 2007. Klapperschlangen! Die Gattung Crotalus. Reptilia (Münster) 12 (66): 18-25 - get paper here
  • Wüster, W. & Bérnils, R.S. 2011. On the generic classification of the rattlesnakes, with special reference to the Neotropical Crotalus durissus complex (Squamata: Viperidae). ZOOLOGIA 28 (4): 417–419
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