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Crotalus triseriatus WAGLER, 1830

IUCN Red List - Crotalus triseriatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesWestern Dusky Rattlesnake, Central Plateau Dusky Rattlesnake 
SynonymCrotalus triseriatus triseriatus (WAGLER 1830)
Uropsophus triseriatus WAGLER 1830: 176
Urosophus triseriatus WAGLER 1830: 176 (fide TAYLOR 1949: 215)
Crotalus triseriatus — GRAY 1831
Crotalus triseriatus triseriatus — KLAUBER 1931
Crotalus triseriatus triseriatus — KLAUBER 1952: 19
Crotalus triseriatus triseriatus — DAVIS & SMITH 1953
Crotalus triseriatus anahuacus HARRIS & SIMMONS 1978
Crotalus triseriatus triseriatus — LINER 1994
Crotalus triseriatus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 296
Uropsophus triseriatus — HOSER 2009
Crotalus triseriatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 195 
DistributionMexico (WC Veracruz, Michoacan, Morelos, Hidalgo);

Type locality: "Mexico." Proposed restriction to "Alvarez, San Luis Potosi, Mexico" by Smith and Taylor (1950:342). This restriction is not valid because C. t. triseriatus, as presently defined, does not range into the state of San Luis Potosi; Alvarez is the type-locality for C. t. aquilus [= Crotalus aquilus]. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesTypes: BMNH 1946.1.17.70, MCZ 
CommentVenomous!

Subspecies: Crotalus triseriatus armstrongi CAMPBELL 1978 has been elevated to full species status by BRYSON et al. 2014.

Distribution: Not listed for San Luis Potosí by Lemos-Espinal & Dixon 2013.

Nomenclature: Hoser’s 2009 classification and nomenclature has been rejected as unnecessary and unavailable by WÜSTER & BERNILS 2011. 
References
  • Arenas, Carlos Yañez; A. Townsend Peterson, Pierre Mokondoko, Octavio Rojas-Soto, Enrique Martínez-Meyer 2014. The Use of Ecological Niche Modeling to Infer Potential Risk Areas of Snakebite in the Mexican State of Veracruz. PLoS ONE 9(6): e100957. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0100957 - get paper here
  • Beaman, K.R. & Hayes, W.K. 2008. Rattlesnakes: Research Trends and Annotated Checklist. In: Hayes et al. (eds), The biology of rattlesnakes. Loma Linda University Press, pp. 5-16
  • Bryson Jr, Robert W.; Robert W. Murphy, Amy Lathrop and David Lazcano-Villareal 2011. Evolutionary drivers of phylogeographical diversity in the highlands of Mexico: a case study of the Crotalus triseriatus species group of montane rattlesnakes. Journal of Biogeography 38: 697–710 - get paper here
  • Bryson, R.W. 2007. Fotopirsch auf Gebirgsklapperschlangen. Reptilia (Münster) 12 (66): 32-37 - get paper here
  • BRYSON, ROBERT W.; JR., CHARLES W. LINKEM, MICHAEL E. DORCAS, AMY LATHROP, JASON M. JONES, JAVIER ALVARADO-DÍAZ, CHRISTOPH I. GRÜNWALD & ROBERT W. MURPHY 2014. Multilocus species delimitation in the Crotalus triseriatus species group (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae), with the description of two new species. Zootaxa 3826 (3): 475–496 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Castro-Franco, Rubén, María Guasalupe Bustos-Zagal 1994. List of reptiles of Morelos, Mexico, and their distribution in relation to vegetation types. Southwestern Naturalist 39 (2): 171-175 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. Twelfth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 167-194 [1884] - get paper here
  • Davis, William B.; Smith, Hobart M. 1953. Snakes of the Mexican state of Morelos. Herpetologica 8: 133-149 - get paper here
  • Domínguez-Guerrero, Saúl F. and Leonardo Fernández-Badillo. 2016. Crotalus triseriatus (Mexican Dusky Rattlesnake) Diet. Herpetological Review 47 (1): 144-145
  • Dorcas, M.E. 1992. Relationships among montane populations of Crotalus lepidus and Crotalus triseriatus in: Campbell, J.A. & Brodie, E.D. (eds.) Biology of the Pitvipers. Selva, Tyler, Texas. ISBN 0-9630536-0-1
  • Güizado-Rodríguez, Martha Anahí, Christopher Duifhuis-Rivera, Rolando Jonathan Maceda-Cruz, Israel Solano-Zavaleta and Uri Omar García-Vázquez. 2016. Notes on the diet of the Mexican Dusky Rattlesnake, Crotalus triseriatus (Viperidae). Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 743–746
  • Harris, Herbert S. & Simmons, Robert S. 1978. A preliminary account of the rattlesnakes with the descriptions of four new subspecies. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 14 (3): 105-211 [1977]
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Hoser, R. 2009. A reclassification of the rattlesnakes; species formerly exclusively referred to the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus. Australasian J. Herpetol. 3: 1-21 - get paper here
  • Kisser, P. 1980. Zur Kernntnis der Klapperschlangen. Herpetofauna 2 (5): 6-10 - get paper here
  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1938. Notes from a herpetological diary, I. Copeia 1938 (4): 191-197 - get paper here
  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1940. Notes from a herpetological diary, II. Copeia 1940 (1): 15-18 - get paper here
  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1952. Taxonomic studies on rattlesnakes of Mainland Mexico. Bulletins of the Zoological Society of San Diego (26): 1-143
  • Langner, Christian 2014. Herpetologische Beobachtungen im Lebensraum von Abronia deppii im Valle de Bravo, Estado de México, Mexiko. Terraria-Elaphe 2014 (2): 46-55
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • McCranie, J.R. & Wilson, L.D. 1979. Commentary on taxonomic practice in regional herpetological publications: a review of the rattlesnakes with the description of four new subspecies [by HARRIS & SIMMONS 1978]. Herpetological Review 10 (1): 18-21 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Meik, Jesse M and André Pires-daSilva 2009. Evolutionary morphology of the rattlesnake style. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2009, 9:35 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P.;Shannon, Frederick A. 1947. Notes on amphibians and reptiles of Michoacan, Mexico. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 31 (9): 63-85
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1946. Preliminary notes and speculations on the triseriatus group of rattlesnakes in Mexico. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 31 (3): 75-101 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1949. A preliminary account of the herpetology of the state of San Luis Potosi, Mexico. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (2): 169-215 - get paper here
  • Wagler, Jean G. 1830. Natürliches System der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification der Säugetiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie. 1.0. Cotta, München, Stuttgart, and Tübingen, 354 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wüster, W. & Bérnils, R.S. 2011. On the generic classification of the rattlesnakes, with special reference to the Neotropical Crotalus durissus complex (Squamata: Viperidae). ZOOLOGIA 28 (4): 417–419
 
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