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Cryptoblepharus tytthos HORNER, 2007

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesPygmy snake-eyed skink 
SynonymCryptoblepharus tytthos HORNER 2007
Cryptoblepharus carnabyi STORR 1976: 60
Cryptoblepharus tytthos — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (Western Australia)

Type locality: Coulomb Point, 70 km north of Broome, Western Australia, 17°23’07”S 122°09’42”E. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: NTM R25994, adult female, (Tissue sample No. ABTC EV5), coll. P. and D. Horner, 28 June 2000. Lophostemon forest, dense shrubland on sandy soil, on tree trunk. PARATYPES 
CommentDiagnosis. A small (<40 mm SVL), short-legged, shallow-headed, arboreal Cryptoblepharus, distinguished from Australian congeners by combination of modal values of five supraciliary scales, 24 mid-body scale rows, 48 paravertebral scales, 11 plantar scales, 15 fourth finger subdigital lamellae and 18 fourth toe subdigital lamellae; mean values of 31.3 mm snout-vent length, head depth 40.6% of head length, forelimb length 32.2% of snout-vent length, 15.5 maxillary and 17.5 mandibular teeth; strongly keeled fourth toe subdigital lamellae; pale, acute plantar scales, and narrow, obscure, pale dorsolateral stripes.

Sympatry. Cryptoblepharus tytthos occurs in sympatry with C. buchananii and C. metallicus, and C. pannosus. Sympatric with C. buchananii at Broome, Coulomb Point, Derby, and the Willare Bridge 71 km south-west of Derby in Western Australia. Sympatry with more than one congener occurs on Mornington Island in the Gulf of Carpentaria (C. metallicus and C. pannosus). 
EtymologyFrom the Greek adjective tytthos, meaning little or small; in reference to this taxon being the smallest known species of Cryptoblepharus. Introduced as a noun in apposition. 
References
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Horner, P. 2007. Systematics of the snake-eyed skinks, Cryptoblepharus Wiegmann (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) - an Australian based review. The Beagle Supplement 3: 21-198
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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