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Ctenotus essingtonii (GRAY, 1842)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies
 
Common NamesLowlands Plain-backed Ctenotus 
SynonymTiliqua essingtonii GRAY 1842: 51
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) essingtonii — GLAUERT 1960
Ctenotus essingtonii essingtonii — STORR 1981
Ctenotus essingtonii — COGGER 1983: 146
Minervascincus essingtonii — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 34
Ctenotus essingtonii — COGGER 2000: 423
Ctenotus essingtonii — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (Northern Territory)

Type locality: Port Essington, N. T.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1937.12.6.11 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. a moderately small Ctenotus (SVl to 65 mm) distinguished from congeners by having three of four supraoculars in contact with frontal, two presuboculars, frontoparietals paired, laterally compressed toes with callose or smooth subdigital lamellae, prominent pale midlateral stripe, broad dorsal zone of ground colour, vertebral stripe absent or confined to nape, dark laterodorsal stripe obscure or absent, 26 midbody scale rows, lateral pattern of longitudinal zones or stripes, dark upper lateral zone spotted or unspotted [HORNER 2007]. 
CommentCtenotus essingtonii brevipes STORR 1981 has been elevated to species status by HORNER 2007.

Morphology: digits: 5, toes: 5 (Singhal et al. 2018, Cogger 2014) 
Etymology 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Glauert, L. 1960. Herpetological miscellanea. XII. The family Scincidae in Western Australia. Pt. 2. The genus Lygosoma. Western Australian Naturalist 7 (4): 81-99
  • Gray, J. E. 1842. Description of some hitherto unrecorded species of Australian reptiles and batrachians. Zoological Miscellany 2: 51—57 (London: Treuttel, Würtz & Co) - get paper here
  • Horner, P. 2007. Ctenotus quirinus sp. nov. (Reptilia: Sauria: Scincidae) – a new species of skink from the Northern Territory, with the recognition of C. brevipes Storr, 1981 and C. essingtonii (Gray, 1842) as distinct species. The Beagle 23: 119-130
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Maggie R. Grundler, María R. Marchán-Rivadeneira, Iris Holmes, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, and Daniel L. Rabosky 2018. Does Population Structure Predict the Rate of Speciation? A Comparative Test across Australia’s Most Diverse Vertebrate Radiation The American Naturalist - get paper here
  • Storr G M 1970. The genus Ctenotus (Lacertilia: Scincidae) in the Northern Territory. J. Proc. Roy. Soc. West. Australia 52: 97-108
  • Storr G M 1978. Notes on the Ctenotus (Lacertilia, Scincidae) of Queensland. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 6 (3): 319-332 - get paper here
  • Storr G M 1981. Ten new Ctenotus (Lacertilia: Scincidae) from Australia. Rec. West. Austr. Mus. 9 (2): 125-146 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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