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Ctenotus inornatus (GRAY, 1845)

IUCN Red List - Ctenotus inornatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBar-shouldered Ctenotus
Stony-soil Ctenotus [saxatilis]
Stern Ctenotus [severus]
Clay-soil Ctenotus [helenae]
West-coast Laterite Ctenotus [fallens]
Short-clawed Ctenotus [brachyonyx] 
SynonymHinulia inornata GRAY 1845: 78
Ctenotus inornatus - COGGER 1983: 148
Minervascincus inornatus — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 35
Ctenotus inornatus — COGGER 2000: 429
Ctenotus inornatus — WILSON & SWAN 2010

Ctenotus brachyonyx STORR 1971
Ctenotus brachyonyx — COGGER 1983: 144
Minervascincus brachyonyx — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 34
Ctenotus brachyonyx — COGGER 2000: 417
Ctenotus brachyonyx — WILSON & SWAN 2010

Ctenotus fallens STORR 1974: 88
Ctenotus fallens — COGGER 1983: 146
Minervascincus fallens — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 34
Ctenotus fallens — COGGER 2000: 424
Ctenotus fallens — WILSON & SWAN 2010

Ctenotus helenae STORR 1969: 100
Lygosoma lesueurii concolor GLAUERT 1952
Ctenotus helenae — COGGER 1983: 147
Minervascincus helenae — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 35
Ctenotus helenae — COGGER 2000: 427
Ctenotus helenae — WILSON & SWAN 2010

Ctenotus saxatilis STORR 1970: 101
Ctenotus saxatilis — COGGER 1983: 152
Minervascincus saxatilis — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 35
Ctenotus saxatilis — COGGER 2000: 441
Ctenotus saxatilis — WILSON & SWAN 2010

Ctenotus severus STORR 1969: 101
Ctenotus severus — COGGER 1983: 153
Minervascincus severus — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 35
Ctenotus severus — COGGER 2000: 443
Ctenotus severus — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (North Territory,Queensland,West Australia)

Type locality: Swan River, W. A. (in error) fide Storr (1970)

brachyonyx: Australia (New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria); Type locality: Annuello (34° 52’ S, 142° 49’ E), Vic.

fallens: Australia (West Australia); Type locality: 11 mi SSE of Kalbarri, in 27° 52’ S, 114° 12’ E, W. A.

helenae: Australia (North Territory,South Australia,West Australia); Type locality: 24 mi ENE of Laverton, in 28° 31’ S, 122° 45’ E, W. A.

saxatilis: Australia (North Territory,South Australia,West Australia); Type locality: 10 mi E of Tennant Creek, in 19° 40’ S, 134° 20’ E, N. T.

severus: Australia (West Australia); Type locality: Galena, W. A. Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.15.45
Holotype: WAM R24239 [saxatilis]
Holotype: WAM R25680 [severus]
Holotype: WAM R30004 [helenae]
Holotype: WAM R33780 [fallens]
Holotype: NMV D13944 [brachyonyx] 
CommentSynonymy: Rabosky et al. (2014) found no genetic pattern that differentiated inornatus from helenae, saxatilis, serverus, fallens, or brachyonyx and thus synonymized them with inornatus. Lygosoma lesueurii concolor is a junior primary homonym of C. helenae, non Lygosoma (Rhodona) bips concolor WERNER 1910.

Habitat: Triodia sandplains and flat rocky areas (Shea et al., 1988).

Behavior: The species is active during the day and terrestrial (Shea et al. 1988).

Diagnosis: in Rabosky et al. 2014.

NCBI tax IDs: saxatilis = 480777 (Reptile Database ID = 12842), severus = 480783 (12848), helenae = 480746 (12802), fallens = 480739 (12794), brachyonyx = no NCBI (12778). Note that NCBI tax IDs are not preserved once species get synonymized. If any of them get revalidated they will get new NCBI IDs. 
References
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Even,Eddy 2005. Reptielen zoeken in Australië. Lacerta 63 (2): 48-65 - get paper here
  • Glauert, L. 1952. Herpetological miscellanea. l. Notes of some forms of Diplodactylus. Some new western Australian lizards. Western Australian Naturalist 3: 166—168 [1951]
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. 1969. Sympatry of desert lizards (Ctenotus) in Western Australia. Ecology 50: 1012-1030 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. 1972. Zoogeography and speciation of Australian desert lizards: an ecological perspective. Copeia 1972 (1): 127-144 - get paper here
  • Punzo, Fred & Sonia Madragon 2002. Spatial learning in Australian skinks of the genus Ctenotus (Scincidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 23 (2): 233-238 - get paper here
  • Rabosky DL, Hutchinson MN, Donnellan SC, Talaba AL, Lovette IJ 2014. Phylogenetic disassembly of species boundaries in a widespread group of Australian skinks (Scincidae: Ctenotus). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 77: 71-82; doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.03.026 - get paper here
  • Rankin P R; Gillam M W 1979. A new lizard in the genus Ctenotus (Lacertilia: Scincidae) from the Northern Territory with notes on its biology. Rec. Austral. Mus. 32 (15): 501-511 - get paper here
  • Sadlier, Ross 1987. The scincid lizard Ctenotus brachyonyx Storr in N.S.W. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 17 (1-2): 22-24
  • Storr G M 1969. The genus Ctenotus (Lacertilia: Scincidae) in the Eastern Division of Western Australia. J. Proc. Roy. Soc. West. Australia 51: 97-109
  • Storr G M 1970. The genus Ctenotus (Lacertilia: Scincidae) in the Northern Territory. J. Proc. Roy. Soc. West. Australia 52: 97-108
  • Storr G M 1978. Notes on the Ctenotus (Lacertilia, Scincidae) of Queensland. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 6 (3): 319-332 - get paper here
  • Storr G M 1978. Ctenotus rubicundus, a new scincid lizard from Western Australia. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 6 (3): 333-335 - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M. 1971. The genus Ctenotus (Lacertilia: Scincidae) in South Australia. Rec. South Austral. Mus. 16 (6): 1-15 - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M. 1974. The genus Ctenotus (Lacertilia: Scincidae) in the South-west and Eucla Divisions of Western Australia. J R. Soc. West. Aust. 56: 86-93 [1973]
  • Storr, G. M. 1975. The genus Ctenotus (Lacertilia: Scincidae) in the Kimberley and North-west Divisions of Western Australia. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 3: 209-243 - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M., Smith, L. A. & Johnstone, R. E. 1981. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Perth: University of Western Australia Press and Western Australian Museum, 200 pp.
  • Storr, G. M.; L. A. Smith, and R. E. Johnstone 1999. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Revised Edition. Western Australian Museum
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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