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Ctenotus taeniolatus (WHITE, 1790)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCopper-tailed Ctenotus, Copper-Tailed Skink 
SynonymLacerta taeniolata WHITE 1790: 245
Scincus octolineatus DAUDIN 1802: 285 (nom. substit. pro Lacerta taeniolata)
Scincus decemlineatus LACÉPÈDE 1804: 208
Scincus undecimstriatus KUHL 1820: 129 (part.)
Scincus multilineatus LESSON 1830: 45
Lygosoma taeniolata — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 734
Ctenotus taeniolatus — COGGER 1983: 153
Ctenotus taeniolatus — COGGER 2000: 447 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Queensland,Victoria)

Type locality: N. S. W.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: lost, was BMNH xv.16a (presumed lost)
Holotype: nondesignated, MNHP (not found), from Australia [Scincus decemlineatus]
Syntypes: from Australia; for only extant syntype see Leiolopisma entrecasteauxii (Duméril and Bibron, 1839); remaining syntypes not found, but unpublished Kuhl figure of S. undecimstriatus indicates that at least one syntype was Ctenotus taeniolatus [Scincus undecimstriatus]
Syntypes: MNHP 2983, from N. S. W. and Bourou and Ambon Ils., Indonesia, (Australia), 2 specimens, only one of which, the figured specimen, has been found, see Roux-Estève (1979) [Scincus multilineatus] 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983. Hutchingson & Donnellan 1992 argued that Scincus decemlineatus LACÉPÈDE 1804 could be Pseudemoia pagenstecheri.

Type Species: Lacerta taeniolata WHITE 1790 is the type species of the genus Ctenotus STORR 1964.

Phylogenetics: see Singhal et al. 2017 and 2018 for a phylogeny of Australian sphenomorphine skinks.

Sympatry: in Australia, 14 or more species of Ctenotus may occur in regional sympatry in the western and central arid zone (Pianka 1969, 1986; James 1991; James & Shine 2000; Rabosky et al. 2007).

Morphology: digits: 5, toes: 5 (Singhal et al. 2018, Cogger 2014) 
EtymologyFrom the Greek kten (comb) and ot (ear), forming ‘comb-eared’ in reference to the conspicuous ear lobules (Storr 1964). 
References
  • Bauer, A.M. 1999. Notes on John White's Journal of a Voyage to new South Wales (1790), a Classic of Australian Herpetology. Newsletter Internatl. Soc. Hist. Bibliogr. Herpetol. 1(1): 16-19 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Colgan, D. J.; D. O’Meally and R. A Sadlier 2009. Phylogeographic patterns in reptiles on the New England Tablelands at the south-western boundary of the McPherson Macleay Overlap. D. J. Colgan; D. O’Meally and R. A Sadlier. Australian Journal of Zoology 57: 317-328 - get paper here
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Daudin 1802. Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière des Reptiles, Vol. 4. F. Dufart, Paris.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Hutchinson M N. DONNELLAN S C. 1992. Taxonomy and genetic variation in the Australian lizards of the genus Pseudemoia (Scincidae Lygosominae). Journal of Natural History 26 (1): 215-264.
  • Kay, G.M.; D. Michael; M. Crane; S. Okada; C. MacGregor; D. Florance; D. Trengove; L. McBurney; D. Blair; D.B. Lindenmayer. 2013. A list of reptiles and amphibians from Box Gum Grassy Woodlands in south-eastern Australia. Check List 9 (3):476-481 - get paper here
  • Kuhl,H. 1820. Beiträge zur Zoologie und vergleichenden Anatomie. Hermannsche Buchhandlung, Frankfurt, 152 pp. - get paper here
  • LaCépède, B. G. E. L. 1804. Mémoire sur plusieurs animaux de la Nouvelle- Hollande dont la description n’a pas encore été publiée. Annales du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 4:184-211 - get paper here
  • Lesson, R.P. 1830. Description de quelques reptiles nouveaux ou peu connus. In: M.L.I. Duperrey, Voyage Autour du Monde Execute par Ordre du Roi, sur la Corvette de La Majeste, La Coquille, Pendant les Annees 1822, 1823, 1824 et 1825. 2. Zoologie Tome 2, Partie 1. Arthur Bertrand, Paris: 1-65 - get paper here
  • Michael, D.R.; D.B. Lindenmayer; M. Crane; C. MacGregor; R. Montague-Drake; L. McBurney. 2011. Reptilia, Murray catchment, New South Wales, southeastern Australia. Check List 7 (1):25-29 - get paper here
  • Mo, Matthew 2015. Herpetofaunal community of the constructed Lime Kiln Bay Wetland, south Sydney, New South Wales. Victorian Naturalist 132 (3): 64-72 - get paper here
  • Osborne, Will & Anke Maria Hoefer 2018. Frogs and reptiles found at Black Mountain: fifty years of records, from museum collections to community-based photo mapping Black Mountain Symposium Background Paper No. 9 - get paper here
  • Parker, Scott L.; Christopher R. Murphy, and Michael B. Thompson 2010. Uterine angiogenesis in squamate reptiles: Implications for the evolution of viviparity. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (2) - get paper here
  • Roux-Estève, R. 1979. Liste des Amphibiens et Reptiles des collections du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, récoltés par Lesueur (1778-1846). Bull. Trim. Soc. Géol. Normandie et Amis Muséum du Havre 66: 25-29
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Maggie R. Grundler, María R. Marchán-Rivadeneira, Iris Holmes, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, and Daniel L. Rabosky 2018. Does Population Structure Predict the Rate of Speciation? A Comparative Test across Australia’s Most Diverse Vertebrate Radiation The American Naturalist - get paper here
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, Iris Holmes, Daniel L. Rabosky 2017. Genetic diversity is largely unpredictable but scales with museum occurrences in a species-rich clade of Australian lizards. [Ctenotus] Proc. R. Soc. B 2017 284 20162588; DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2016.2588 - get paper here
  • Smith, Shannon M.; Stow, Adam J. 2008. Isolation and characterization of microsatellite loci from the coppertail skink (Ctenotus taeniolatus). Molecular Ecology Resources 8(4):923-925
  • Storr G M 1978. Notes on the Ctenotus (Lacertilia, Scincidae) of Queensland. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 6 (3): 319-332 - get paper here
  • Storr, G.M. 1964. Ctenotus, a new generic name for a group of Australian skinks. Western Australian Naturalist 9: 84–85
  • Swanson, S. 1976. Lizards of Australia. Angus & Robertson, Sydney 80 pp.
  • White, J. 1790. Journal of a voyage to new South Wales, with sixty-five plates of non descript animals, birds, lizards, serpents, curious cones of trees and other natural productions. Debrett, London, 229 pp. - get paper here
 
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