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Cubatyphlops satelles (THOMAS & HEDGES, 2007)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCienfuegos Blindsnake 
SynonymTyphlops satelles THOMAS & HEDGES 2007:
Cubatyphlops satelles — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops satelles — PYRON & WALLACH 2014
Cubatyphlops satelles — NAGY et al. 2015 
DistributionCuba (public beach, 0 m elevation, east of the inlet to the Bahia de Cienfuegos).

Type locality: Rancho Luna, about 12 km airline S Cienfuegos, Cienfuegos Province, in south-central Cuba.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: SMF 61303,collected on 22 April 1966 by Z. Vogel. 
CommentDiagnosis: A slender and moderately large Typhlops of the T. biminiensis group. It differs from T. biminiensis in having a smaller rostral (Fig. 10A) with an acuminate posterior edge (Fig. 8K), a relatively short naris-eye distance (Fig. 10B), a more slender body (TL/MBD 62–75 versus 39–51), and scale row reduction at 11% TL instead of 50%. It differing from all other Cuban species of the group in having a more broadly rounded rostral scale in dorsal aspect that narrows less as it proceeds over the apex of the snout (Fig. 8K), and in its low rostral indent (Fig. 10F). Additionally, it differs from T. perimychus in having a greater number of middorsal scales (514–527 versus 453–496), scale row reduction at 11% TL instead of 50%, and a more slender body (TL/MBD 62–75 versus 41–59). From T. arator it differs in being more slender (TL/MBD 62–75 versus 51–55), having a shorter tail (TL/TA 61 versus 46–48), having scale row reduction at 11% TL instead of 34–41%, having 22–24 anterior scale rows instead of 26, having 22 posterior scale rows instead of 24, and having fewer middorsal scales (514–527 versus 578–579). From T. anousius it differs in being more slender (TL/MBD 62–75 versus 45–55), having scale row reduction at 11% TL instead of 2%, having a wider rostral scale (Fig. 10E), and having a relatively smaller upper arm of the anterior nasal (ANTNAS/RW1 = 0.32–0.33 versus 0.40–0.64). From T. notorachius, it differs in being more slender (TL/MBD 62–75 versus 45–47), having scale row reduction at 11% TL instead of 15–40%, and having a relatively smaller upper arm of the anterior nasal (ANTNAS/RW1 = 0.32–0.33 versus 0.42–0.53). From T. contorhinus, it differs in having scale row reduction at 11% TL instead of 31%, having a relatively smaller upper arm of the anterior nasal (ANTNAS/RW1 = 0.32–0.33 versus 0.49), and lacking a rostral umbo. From T. anchaurus, it differs in having scale row reduction at 11% TL instead of 31%, and lacking a rostral umbo. 
EtymologySatelles is Latin for guard or companion, a satellite, as Typhlops satelles may be regarded, also recalling the type locality. 
References
  • DOMÍNGUEZ, MICHEL & LUIS V. MORENO 2009. Taxonomy of the Cuban blind snakes (Scolecophidia, Typhlopidae), with the description of a new large species. Zootaxa 2028: 59-66 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • NAGY, ZOLTÁN T.; ANGELA B. MARION, FRANK GLAW, AURÉLIEN MIRALLES,<br />JOACHIM NOPPER, MIGUEL VENCES & S. BLAIR HEDGES 2015. Molecular systematics and undescribed diversity of Madagascan scolecophidian snakes (Squamata: Serpentes) Zootaxa 4040 (1): 031–047 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829 (1): 001–081
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • THOMAS R. & S.B. HEDGES 2007. Eleven new species of snakes of the genus Typhlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) from Hispaniola and Cuba. Zootaxa 1400: 1-26 - get paper here
 
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