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Cuora flavomarginata (GRAY, 1863)

IUCN Red List - Cuora flavomarginata - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesCuora flavomarginata flavomarginata (GRAY 1863)
Cuora flavomarginata evelynae ERNST & LOVICH 1990 
Common NamesE: Snake-eating Turtle
G: Gelbrand-Scharnierschildkröte
evelynae: Ryukyu Yellow-margined Box Turtle 
SynonymCistoclemmys flavomarginata GRAY 1863: 175
Cistoclemmys flavomarginata GRAY 1864: 107
Cuora flavomarginata — GÜNTHER 1864: 13
Cyclemys flavomarginata — BOULENGER 1889: 135
Cuora amboinensis OKADA 1891 (not of DAUDIN)
Cyclemys flavomarginata — STEJNEGER 1907: 503
Cyclemys flavomarginata sinensis HSÜ 1930
Cuora flavomarginata — KAHL et al. 1980: 115
Cistoclemmys flavomarginata — KING & BURKE 1989
Cuora flavomarginata — XIANGKUI 1994
Cistoclemmys flavomarginata — OBST 2003: 17
Cuora flavomarginata sinensis — ERNST & LOVICH 2008

Cuora flavomarginata evelynae ERNST & LOVICH 1990
Cuora evelynae ERNST & LOVICH 1990
Cuora flavomarginata evelynae — MCCORD & IVERSON 1991
Cuora flavomarginata evelynae — FRITZ & OBST 1998
Cistoclemmys flavomarginata evelynae — OBST 2003: 17
Cuora flavomarginata evelynae — GORIS & MAEDA 2004
Cuora evelynae — ERNST & LOVICH 2008
Cuora evelynae — RHODIN et al. 2010
Cuora flavomarginata evelynae — TTWG 2014 
DistributionS China (Fukien, Hunan, and possibly Sichuan provinces, Guangxi),
Taiwan, Japan (Ryukyu Islands: Ishigaki Shima, Iriomote)

Type locality: "China. . .Formosa"; restricted to Tamsuy, northwest Formosa [=Taiwan] by Mertens and Wermuth 1955:345.

evelynae: Ryukyu Islands, Japan.  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1947.3.5.50 and 1947.3.5.68.
Holotype: CAS 26113 [evelynae] 
Diagnosis 
CommentOTANI et al. (1995) reported hybrids between M. japonica and Cuora flavomarginata and between Geoemyda japonica and C. flavomarginata.

This species is considered “vulnerable” in Japan (Ota 2000).

Photo in HR 43: 215: evelynae. 
Etymology 
References
  • Anonymous 2016. Testudinate China [in both English and Chinese] Testudinate Industry Branch of the China Fishery Association, published on occasion of WCH8; author not explicitly stated, 54 pp.
  • Bartlett, R D & Bartlett, P P 2018. Cuora flavomarginata (Yellow-margined Box Turtle) Longevity and macrocephaly Herpetological Review 49 (3): 487-488 - get paper here
  • Becker, H. 1996. Bemerkungen zur Haltung und Nachzucht von Cuora flavomarginata flavomarginata (GRAY 1863). Salamandra 32 (2): 65-72 - get paper here
  • Becker, H. 1999. Ergänzende Bemerkungen zur Haltung und zur Nachzucht von Cuora flavomarginata (GRAY 1863). Elaphe 7 (3): 2-10 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1889. Catalogue of the Chelonians, Rhynchocephalians, and Crocodiles in the British Museum (Natural History). British Museum, London, 311 pp.
  • Buskirk, James R. 1989. New locality records for Chinese non-marine chelonians [Chinemys reevesii nigricans, Cistoclemmys flavomarginata, Cuora galbinifrons hainanensis pani, Mauremys mutica, Clemmys Oscadia sinensis, Sacalia bealei quadriocellata, Platysternon megacephalum Chinese Herpetological Research 2 (2): 65-68
  • Carl H. Ernst, Arndt F. Laemmerzahl, and Jeffrey E. Lovich 2008. A morphological review of the Cuora flavomarginata complex (Testudines: Geoemydidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 121 (3): 391-397 - get paper here
  • Ernst, C.H. & Lovich,E.J. 1990. A new species of Cuora (Reptilia: Testudines: Emydidae) from the Ryukyu Islands. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 103 (1): 26-34 - get paper here
  • ERNST, CARL H. & JEFFREY E. LOVICH 2015. Interanal seam loss in Asian turtles of the Cuora flavomarginata complex (Testudines, Geoemydidae) Herpetological Bulletin (132) - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Esser, Bastian and Sebastian Nickl. 2014. Field observations of the Yellow-margined Box Turtle, Cuora flavomarginata (Gray, 1863), in Taiwan and resultant implications for its husbandry in human care. Radiata (English edition) 23 (3): 4-19
  • Fong, Jonathan J., James Ford Parham and Jinzong Fu 2002. A reassessment of the distribution of Cuora flavomarginata Gray 1863 on mainland China. Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (1):9-14 - get paper here
  • Goris, R.C. & Maeda, N. 2004. Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Japan. Krieger, Malabar, 285 pp.
  • Gray, J.E. 1863. Observations on the box tortoises, with the descriptions of three new Asiatic species. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1863: 173-179 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1864. Observations on the box tortoises, with the description of three new asiatic species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 13: 105-111 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Hagen, Chris. 2014. Conserving turtles in the South Carolina low country. Turtle Survival 2014: 6-10 - get paper here
  • Hennen, U. 2000. Erhaltungszuchtstation für asiatische Schildkröten braucht noch Unterstützung. Elaphe 8 (4): 71-72
  • Hsu, Hsi-fan 1930. Preliminary Note on a New Variety of Cyclemys flavomarginata from China. Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China, Nanjing, Zoological Series 6(1):1-7
  • Innis, Charles J. 2012. Testes Morphology in Cuora flavomarginata: A Response to Kuchling and Griffiths (2012; Chelonian Conservation and Biology 11[1]). Chelonian Conservation and Biology Dec 2012, Vol. 11, No. 2: 273-274. - get paper here
  • Kahl B, Gaupp P & Schmidt G 1980. Das Terrarium. Falken Verlag, Niederhausen (Germany), 336 pp.
  • Kuchling, Gerald 2012. Reply to the Commentary of Charles J. Innis: “Testes Morphology in Cuora flavomarginata”. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Dec 2012, Vol. 11, No. 2: 274-275. - get paper here
  • Landzettel, F. 1999. Erfahrungen bei der Haltung und Vermehrung der Gelbrandscharnierschildkröte, Cuora flavomarginata. Elaphe 7 (4): 13-16
  • Lourenço, João M.; Julien Claude, Nicolas Galtier, Ylenia Chiari 2011. Dating cryptodiran nodes: Origin and diversification of the turtle superfamily Testudinoidea. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62 (1): - get paper here
  • McCord,W.P. & Iverson,J.B. 1991. A new box turtle of the genus Cuora (Testudines: Emydidae) with taxonomic notes and a key to the species. Herpetologica 47 (4): 407-420 - get paper here
  • McLaughlin, Connor J. and C. Tristan Stayton 2016. Convergent Evolution Provides Evidence of Similar Radiations in Shell Shape in the Turtle Families Emydidae and Geoemydidae Herpetologica Jun 2016, Vol. 72, No. 2: 120-129.
  • Mertens, R., and H. Wermuth 1955. Die rezenten Schildkröten, Krokodile und Brückenechsen. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Allgemeine Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere, Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena. 83(5): 323-440.
  • Nuss, Claudia 2007. An unexpected breeding success with the Yellow-margined Box Turtle Cuora flavomarginata. Radiata 16(2): 29-32
  • Obst, F.J. 2003. Sumpfschildkröten. Draco 4 (13): 4-18 - get paper here
  • Okada,S. 1891. Catalogue of vertebrated animals of Japan. Kinkodo, Tokyo, 128 pp.
  • Ota, H. 2000. Current status of the threatened amphibians and reptiles of Japan. Popul. Ecol. 42: 5-9
  • Otani, T. 1995. A possible hybrid between Geoemyda japonica and Cuora flavomarginata obtained in captivity. Akamata 11: 22-24
  • Pauler, I. 1980. Die Schildkrötengattung Cuora. Herpetofauna 2 (6): 15-18 - get paper here
  • Pawlowski, S. 2007. Haltungstipps und Haltungsfehler bei der Pflege terrestrischer Sumpfschildkröten am Beispiel der Gelbrand-Scharnierschildkröte Cuora flavomarginata ssp. (GRAY 1863). Elaphe 15 (4): 43-52
  • Pawlowski, S. & Strmac, M. 2003. Bermerkungen zur Nachzucht der Gelbrandscharnierschildkröte, Cuora flavimarginata, im Zimmerterrarium. Elaphe 11 (2): 27-32
  • PAWLOWSKI, S. & Strmac, M. 2006. Eine erfolgreiche Überwinterungsstrategie für Gelbrand-Scharnierschildkröten, Cuora flavomarginata ssp. (GRAY, 1863). Sauria 28 (1): 11-18 - get paper here
  • Philippen, H.-D. 2000. Haltung und mehrjährige Zucht der chinesischen Gelbrand-Scharnierschildkröte Cuora flavomarginata flavomarginata. Reptilia (Münster) 5 (23): 56-59 - get paper here
  • Schilde, M. 2004. Asiatische Sumpfschildkröten - Die Familie Geoemydidae in Südostasien, China und Japan. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 192 pp. - get paper here
  • Spinks, Phillip Q.; Shaffer, H. Bradley 2007. Conservation phylogenetics of the Asian box turtles (Geoemydidae, Cuora): mitochondrial introgression, numts, and inferences from multiple nuclear loci. Conservation Genetics 8(3):641-657 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1910. The batrachians and reptiles of Formosa. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 38: 91-114 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Takahashi, Akio; Hiroyuki Otsuka and Hidetoshi Ota 2008. Systematic Review of Late Pleistocene Turtles ( Reptilia: Chelonii) from the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan, with Special Reference to Paleogeographical Implications. Pacific Science 62 (3):395 – 402
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • Xiangkui-Y 1994. Fossil and recent turtles of China. Science Press, Beijing. 1994: i-vi, 1-112
 
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