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Cyclemys dentata (GRAY, 1831)

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Asian Leaf Turtle
G: Dornrandschildkröte 
SynonymEmys dhor GRAY 1831
Emys dentata GRAY 1831 (partim)
Emys hasselti BOIE 1831 (nomen nudum)
Cyclemys orbiculata BELL 1834
Cistudo diardii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 227
Cistudo Diardii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 224
Cyclemys dentata GRAY 1856: 264
Cistudo dentata — GRAY 1857: 344
Cyclemys ovata GRAY 1863
Cyclemys bellii GRAY 1863
Cyclemys orbiculata — GRAY 1864: 109
Cyclemys ovata — GRAY 1864: 110
Cyclemys orbiculata — SOWERBY 1872
Cyclemys dhor — GRAY 1873: 167
Cyclemys dhor BOULENGER 1889
Cyclemys dentata — XIANGKUI 1994
Cyclemys dentata — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 445
Cyclemys dentata — COX et al. 1998: 128
Cyclemys entate [sic] — ZHOU & LI 2007
Cyclemys dentata — NUR-AMALINA et al. 2017 
DistributionN India, Bangladesh, Myanmar (= Burma), Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, West Malaysia,
Indonesia (Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Bali), Philippines (Palawan: Calamian Islands etc.), China

Type locality: "Bengal. . .Java".  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.1.22.62 and 1946.1.22.63. 
CommentDistribution: possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012 and references therein).

Type species: Cyclemys orbiculata BELL 1834 is the type species of the genus Cyclemys BELL 1834: 17.

Habitat: freshwater (Rivers, swamps) 
References
  • Anonymous 2016. Testudinate China [in both English and Chinese] Testudinate Industry Branch of the China Fishery Association, published on occasion of WCH8; author not explicitly stated, 54 pp.
  • Auliya, M. 2006. Taxonomy, Life History, and conservation of giant reptiles in west Kalimantan. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 432 pp. - get paper here
  • Bell, T. 1834. Characters of a new genus of freshwater tortoise (Cyclemys). Proc. zool. Soc. London 1834: 17 - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1894. On the herpetological fauna of Palawan and Balabac. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 14: 81-90 - get paper here
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • Bourret, R. 1941. Les tortues de l'Indochine. Institut Océanographique l'Indochine 38:1-235
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, Tanya; Siriporn Thong-aree, Michael Cota and Sunchai Makchai 2011. Cyclemys of the Peat Swamp of Southernmost Thailand. The Thailand Natural History Museum Journal 5(2): 107-112
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Diesmos, Arvin C.; Rafe M. Brown, Angel C. Alcala, and Rogelio V. Sison 2008. Status and Distribution of Nonmarine Turtles of the Philippines. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 7(2): 157
  • Duméril, A. M.C., G. BIBRON & A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 9. Paris, XX + 440 S. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Farkas, B.;Gyurján, I. 1998. Geographic Distribution. Cyclemys dentata. Herpetological Review 29 (1): 50 - get paper here
  • Fritz, U.; D Guicking, M Auer, R. S Sommer, M Wink, A. K Hundsdörfer 2008. Diversity of the Southeast Asian leaf turtle genus Cyclemys: how many leaves on its tree of life?. Zoologica Scripta doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2008.00332. - get paper here
  • Fritz, Uwe & Hendrik Freitag 2008. Geoemydid turtles of the Sulu Archipelago, Philippines, and a historical record of Cyclemys dentata (Gray, 1831) for Siasi Island. Herpetology Notes 1: 11-12 - get paper here
  • Fritz,U., Gaulke,M. & Lehr,E. 1997. Revision der südostasiatischen Dornschildkröten-Gattung Cyclemys Bell 1834, mit Beschreibung einer neuen Art. Salamandra 33 (3): 183-212 - get paper here
  • Gaulke M. 1999. Die Herpetofauna von Calauit Island (Calamianes-Inseln, Provinz Palawan, Philippinen) (Amphibia et Reptilia). Faun. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 21 (19)
  • Gaulke, Maren 1995. On the distribution of Emydid turtles and the Anuran genus Microhyla in the Philippines. Asiatic Herpetological Research 6: 49-52 - get paper here
  • Gaulke, Maren;Fritz, Uwe 1998. Distribution patterns of batagurid turtles in the Philippines (Testudines: Bataguridae: Cuora, Cyclemys, Heosemys). Herpetozoa 11 (1/2): 3-12 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. Synopsis Reptilium or short descriptions of the species of reptiles. Part I: Cataphracta, tortoises, crocodiles, and enaliosaurians. Treuttel, Wurz & Co., London, 85 pp.
  • Gray,J.E. 1856. On some new species freshwater tortoises from North America, Ceylon and Australia. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 18: 263-268 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1857. Notice of some Indian tortoises (including the description of a new species presented to the British Museum by Professor Oldham). Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 19: 342-344 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1864. Observations on the box tortoises, with the description of three new asiatic species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 13: 105-111 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1873. On the original form, development, and cohesion of the bones of the sternum of chelonians; with notes on the skeleton of Sphargis. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 11: 161-172 - get paper here
  • Gray. J. E. 1834. Illustrations of Indian Zoology, chiefly selected from the collection of Major - General Hardwicke. Vol. 2. London (1833-1834): 263 pp., 95 plates - get paper here
  • Kopstein, F. 1938. Ein Beitrag zur Eierkunde und zur Fortpflanzung der Malaiischen Reptilien. Bull. Raffles Mus. No 14: 81-167
  • Lee, J. C.I.; Tsai, L.C.; Liao, S.P.; Linacre, A. & Hsieh, H.M. 2009. Species identification using the cytochrome b gene of commercial turtle shells. Forensic Science International: Genetics 3: 67–73
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Nickl, Sebastian 2012. Notes on the courtship behaviour of the Asian Leaf Turtles (Cyclemys dentata). Radiata (English Edition). 21 (4): 31-33
  • NUR-AMALINA M.I.; AZHARI, M., NORSHAQINAH, A., NOR AZRIN, N.A., SHUKOR, M.N., AISAH, M.S., AMIRRUDIN, A., GRISMER, L.L. and NORHAYATI, A. 2017. SPECIES COMPOSITION OF AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES IN TEMBAT FOREST RESERVE, HULU TERENGGANU, TERENGGANU, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Malays. Appl. Biol. 46 (4): 119–129 - get paper here
  • ONN, CHAN KIN; L. LEE. GRISMER, DIONYSIUS S. SHARMA, DAICUS BELABUT, and NORHAYATI AHMA 2009. New herpetofaunal records for Perlis State Park and adjacent areas. Malayan Nature Journal 61 (4): 255 - 262
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; David, P.; Chimsunchart, C. & Thirakhupt, K. 2003. Reptiles of Phetchaburi Province, Western Thailand: a list of species, with natural history notes, and a discussion on the biogeography at the Isthmus of Kra. Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University 3 (1): 23-53 - get paper here
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Schilde, M. 2003. Die Dornschildkröten der Gattung Cyclemys BELL, 1834. Draco 4 (13): 37-42 - get paper here
  • Schilde, M. 2004. Asiatische Sumpfschildkröten - Die Familie Geoemydidae in Südostasien, China und Japan. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 192 pp. - get paper here
  • Seufer, H.; Y. Kaverkin & A. Kirschner (eds.) 2005. Die Lidgeckos. Kirschner und Seufer Verlag, 238 pp.
  • Stuart, Bryan L.; Fritz, Uwe. 2008. Historical DNA from museum type specimens clarifies diversity of Asian leaf turtles (Cyclemys). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 94(1):131-141 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1970. Turtles and crocodilians of Thailand and adjacent waters, with a synoptic herpetological bibliography. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 49: 87-179. - get paper here
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Tuniyev, S. B.; A. Avcı, B. S. Tuniyev, A. L. Agasian, L. A. Agasian 2013. Description of a New Species of Shield-Head Vipers - Pelias olguni sp. nov. from Basin of Upper Flow of the Kura River in Turkey. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (4): 314-332 - get paper here
  • Xiangkui-Y 1994. Fossil and recent turtles of China. Science Press, Beijing. 1994: i-vi, 1-112
  • ZHOU, T; P-P Li. 2007. Chelonian species diversity and current status in China. (in Chinese). Sichuan Journal of Zoology 26 (2):463-467 - get paper here
 
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