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Cyclodomorphus casuarinae (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Egerniinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesE: She-oak Slender Bluetongue, She-oak Skink
G: She-oak Skink 
SynonymCyclodus casuarinae DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 749
Cyclodus (Homolepida) nigricans PETERS 1874: 621
Lygosoma (Lygosoma) mülleri PETERS 1878: 191 [non Scincus mulleri SCHLEGEL 1837]
Hemispheriodon tasmanicum FROST & LUCAS 1894: 227
Hemisphaeriodon tasmanicum — FROST & LUCAS 1896: 282
Lygosoma (Homolepida) petersi STERNFELD 1919 (nom. nov. pro mülleri)
Lygosoma (Homolepida) petersi — STERNFELD 1925: 248
Tiliqua casuarinae — SMITH 1937: 233
Tiliqua casuarinae — COGGER 1983: 189
Cyclodomorphus casuarinae — SHEA 1995
Cyclodomorphus casuarinae — COGGER 2000: 452
Cyclodomorphus casuarinae — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria ?)

Type locality: Bruny Is., Tas. (original description cites Australia).  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 7131, designation by Guibé, 1954, by inference of holotype (see Shea, 1995).
Holotype: ZMB 8193, from Australia [Cyclodus (Homolepida) nigricans]
Syntypes: two specimens, ZMB 9373, from "Süd-Australien" [Lygosoma (Lygosoma) mülleri]
Holotype: unknown, from Lake St. Clair, Tasmania [Hemispheriodon tasmanicum] 
CommentSynonymy: Lygosoma (Homolepids) petersi STERNFELD 1919 is a nomen novum pro Lygosoma mulleri PETERS 1878 but its redescription is based on specimens of Tiliqua branchialis from Hermannsburg Mission, Upper Finke River, N. T. (fide COGGER 1983).

Synonymy: KAISER et al. 2013 rejected all names coined by WELLS in or after 2000. However, Zeusius sternfeldi WELLS 2007 is not a synonym of Cyclodomorphus casuarinae, as pointed out by KAISER et al. but of Cyclodomorphus venustus (Glenn Shea, pers. comm. 3 Apr 2013).

Distribution: Found in the Southern Highlands of NSW by Sean Krueger (pers. comm.; 7 Feb 2010). Listed by COGGER (2000) only for Tasmania.

Type species: Cyclodus casuarinae DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 749 is the type species of the genus Cyclodomorphus FITZINGER 1843. 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Frost, C. & Lucas, A. H. S. 1894. A new skink lizard from Tasmania. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. (2) 8: 227-228 - get paper here
  • Gomard, Guillaume 2015. Tigerottern: eine Einladung zum Kennenlernen der Reptilien Tasmaniens. Terraria-Elaphe 2015 (4): 44-51 - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Lucas, A. H. S. & Frost, C. 1896. Description of a new species of Ablepharus from Victoria, with critical notes on two other Australian lizards. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 21: 281-283 - get paper here
  • Mebs, D. 1974. Haltungserfahrungen mit Tiliqua casuarinae (Sauria, Scincidae). Salamandra 10 (3-4): 104-106 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, F. J. 1950. The scincid genera Egernia and Tiliqua (Lacertilia). Rec. South Austral. Mus. 9: 275-308 - get paper here
  • Murphy, Michael J. 1994. Reptiles and amphibians of Seven Mile Beach National park, NSW. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 24 (2): 24-30
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1874. Über neue Amphibien (Gymnopis, Siphonops, Polypedates, Rhacophorus, Hyla, Cyclodus, Euprepes, Clemmys). Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1874 (October): 616-624 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1878. Über zwei Scincoiden aus Australien und eine neue Amphisbaena von Westafrika. Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin. 1878 (November): 191-192 - get paper here
  • Rankin, P. R. 1973. Lizard mimicking a snake - juvenile Tiliqua casuarinae. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 5: 13-14
  • Shea G M. 1995. A taxonomic revision of the Cyclodomorphus casuarinae complex (Squamata: Scincidae). Rec. Austral. Mus. 47 (1): 83-115. - get paper here
  • Shea, G. M. 1982. Observations on some membera of the genus Tiliqua. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 13 (4):18-20
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Sternfeld, R. 1919. Neue Schlangen und Echsen aus Zentralaustralien. Senckenbergiana 1: 76-83 - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1925. Beiträge zur Herpetologie Inner-Australiens. Abhandlungen Herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 38: 221—251
  • Timms, B. V. 1977. Notes on the she-oak skink. Hunter Nat. Hist. May 1977: 99-102
  • Wells, R. W. 2007. Some taxonomic and nomenclatural considerations on the class Reptilia in Australia. The genus Cyclodomorphus Fitzinger, 1843 with a new interpretation of the Cyclodomorphus branchialis species-group. Australian Biodiversity Record (4):1–23. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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