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Cyrtodactylus chrysopylos BAUER, 2003

IUCN Red List - Cyrtodactylus chrysopylos - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymCyrtodactylus chrysopylos BAUER 2003 
DistributionMyanmar (Burma: Panlaung-Pyadalin Cave Wildlife Sanctuary in Shan State, Myanmar at an elevation of 319 m.)

Type locality: Panlaung-Pyadalin Cave Wildlife Sanctuary, Ywa Ngan Township, Shan State, Myanmar (21°07’58.4’’N, 96°20’25.0’’E, elevation 319 m.). Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: CAS 226141 
CommentDEFINITION.— A moderately sized Cyrtodactylus, snout-vent length of unique holotype 79 mm; body slender, elongate, limbs and digits long; one pair of enlarged postmental scales in broad contact behind mental; dorsum with 16 longitudinal rows of small, keeled tubercles; 37 ventral scales across midbody to distinct ventrolateral folds; no precloacal groove or femoral pores, 10 precloacal pores in a single series; a single, much larger, pored scale posterior to precloacal series and separated from it by a single, enlarged scale without pores. Thirteen subdigital lamellae beneath 4th toe of pes distal to basal digital inflection, six broad lamellae basal to inflection. Dorsal pattern of distinct alternating brown and white bands (one on occiput, one across shoulders, six between limb insertions, one on sacrum, two on pygal portion of tail).

DIAGNOSIS.— Cyrtodactylus chrysopylos may be distinguished from its congeners by its relatively long digits, 16 longitudinal rows of dorsal tubercles; 37 ventral scales across midbody to distinct ventrolateral folds, 10 precloacal pores in a single series, a single, greatly enlarged pored scale posterior to apex of precloacal series (Fig. 16), and dorsal pattern of distinct alternating brown and white bands (one on occiput, one across shoulders, six between limb insertions, one on sacrum, two on pygal portion of tail). As the species is known only from a single female, the reliability of precloacal and femoral pore characteristics may be called into question, as such features often differ between genders. However, female Cyrtodactylus, if different from males, typically have a reduced number of pores, or may lack femoral or both femoral and precloacal pores all together. In this instance the presence in a female of a distinctive large pored scale posterior to the precloacal series is very likely to be present in males as well. This feature is unique among Cyrtodactylus and is alone sufficient to diagnose C. chrysopylos from all of its con geners. In addition, its distinctive dorsal pattern of nine bands between occiput and sacrum is unique [from BAUER 2003]. 
EtymologyNamed after the Greek chrysos (golden) and pylos (gate) and refers to Golden Gate Park, San Francisco the location of the California Academy of Sciences. 
References
  • Bauer, A.M. 2003. Descriptions of seven new Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) with a key to the species of Myanmar (Burma). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54: 463-498
  • Rösler, H. & Glaw, F. 2008. A new species of Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Malaysia including a literature survey of mensural and meristic data in the genus. Zootaxa 1729: 8–22 - get paper here
  • Sumontha, M., Panitvong, N. & Deein, G. 2010. Cyrtodactylus auribalteatus (Squamata: Gekkonidae), a new cave- dwelling gecko from Phitsanulok Province, Thailand. Zootaxa 2370: 53–64 - get paper here
  • Youmans, Timothy M. & L. Lee Grismer 2006. A new species of Cyrtodactylus (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia. Herpetological Natural History 10 (1): 61-70
 
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