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Cyrtodactylus multiporus NAZAROV, POYARKOV, ORLOV, NGUYEN, MILTO, MARTYNOV, KONSTANTINOV & CHULISOV, 2014

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesMultipored Bent-toed Gecko 
SynonymCyrtodactylus multiporus NAZAROV, POYARKOV, ORLOV, NGUYEN, MILTO, MARTYNOV, KONSTANTINOV & CHULISOV 2014 
DistributionLaos (Khammouane)

Type locality: environs of Na Home Village, Boulapha District, Khammouane Province, eastern Laos (17°32 ́40.3 ́ ́N and 105°41 ́43.0 ́ ́E, elevation 230 m a.s.l.).  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype. ZMMU R–13984, Adult male, collected on 19 June 2009 by Nikolai Orlov, Sang Ngoc Nguyen and Konstantin Milto.
Paratypes. Two adult males ZMMU R–13985–1 (FN 4); ZIN 28252 (FN 3), six adult females ZMMU R-13985-2; 13985-3; 13985-4 (FN 5, 6, 7); ZIN 28253; 28254; 28255 (FN 1, 2, the third without field number), and three subadult specimens ZMMU R-13985-5 (FN 8); ZIN 28256; 28257 (FN 9, 10). All members of the type series have the same collection data as the holotype. 
CommentDiagnosis. Relatively large-sized species of Cyrtodactylus with a maximum SVL of 98 mm; the new species is distinguished from its congeners by a combination of the following morphological features. Dorsal pattern consisting of dark irregular separate spots and blotches between limbs and on the dorsal part of the head. The nuchal band is not developed, 6–8 dark wide transversal bands with irregular edges present on the dorsal surface of tail. Small smooth roundish dorsal tubercles present on the occipital region and sides of the head, body, hind limbs and the base of tail. Ventrals in 30–38 longitudinal rows at midbody. Continuous series of 58–60 precloacal and femoral pores in males, 5–6 postcloacal spurs in both sexes. Tail not segmented without whorls and keeled tubercles on its dorsal surface, one median row of transversally enlarged subcaudal scales.

Comparisons with Laotian congeners. Cyrtodac- tylus multiporus sp. nov. differs from C. buchardi by the singe median row of subcaudals (vs. subcaudals not enlarged in C. buchardi), enlarged femoral scales (lacking in C. buchardi), fewer dorsal tubercle rows (16–20 vs. 25), more ventral scales (30–38 vs. 30), and more subdigital lamellae under the fourth finger and toe (18–20 and 18–22 vs. 14 and 12, respectively). From C. interdigitalis the new species is clearly differ- ent in having transversal enlarged subcaudal scales; higher number of precloacal and femoral pores in the singe row (58–60 in the new species vs. 32 precloacal and femoral pores in C. interdigitalis); roundish tail versus flattened tail; blotched irregular dorsal pattern versus 4–5 wide brownish jagged transversal bands; no webbing between toes versus developed webbing on the toe basis in C. interdigitalis.
Cyrtodactylus multiporus sp. nov. differs from C. jaegeri by larger body size (maximum SVL 98 mm vs. 68.5 mm); blotched dorsal patterns versus wide transversal bands; small, smooth and rounded dorsal tubercles in 16–20 longitudinal rows at midbody versus round conical dorsal tubercles in 15–17 lon- gitudinal rows; in lacking a continuous nuchal loop versus distinct nuchal loop in C. jaegeri; somewhat greater number of ventral scales (30–38 vs. 31–32).
The new species is similar to C. jarujini by the body size and dorsal color pattern but can be diagnosed from this species by having a higher number of femoral and precloacal pores (58–60 pores in con- tinuous row vs. 52–54 pores in irregular rows) and in having more subdigital lamellae (LF4 18–20 and LT4 18–22 vs. 11–17 and 11–18 respectively). From C. lomyenensis the new species differs by the larger body size (maximum SVL 98 mm vs. 72.1 mm in C. lomyenensis), a higher number of pores (58–60 vs. 32–40), lesser number of dorsal tubercle rows (16–20 vs. 20–24), and by dorsal color pattern (blotches vs. wide bands in C. lomyenensis). Cyrtodactylus multi- porus sp. nov. can be differentiated from C. pageli by the following characters: a continuous row of precloacal and femoral pores (58–60 vs. 4–6 precloa- cal pores in C. pageli), lesser number of ventral scale rows (30–38 vs. 41–46), greater number of enlarged dorsal tubercle rows (16–20 vs. 9–14) and dorsal pattern (separate irregular spots vs. bands with wavy margins). The new species is distinguishable from C. roesleri by having a higher number of precloacal and femoral pores (58–60 vs. 20–28), a higher number of enlarged dorsal tubercle rows (16–20 vs. 10–12), by different dorsal pattern (blotches vs. wide dorsal bands in C. roesleri), by lacking nuchal band versus distinct nuchal loop in C. roesleri. The new species is morphologically similar to C. teyniei and can be distinguished from this species by lacking of femoral and precloacal pores in females versus 13 or 14 pores in the single known female of C. teyniei; by numeorus roundish dark spots on dorsal surface of head versus few dark spots on the head; by the dorsal color pat- tern having wide roundish dark blotches (vs. dorsal pattern formed by thin and elongate blotches in C. teyniei). The new species is distinguished from C. puhuensis by having a higher number of precloa- cal and femoral pores (58–60 vs. 5 precloacal pores), and a different dorsal pattern (dark blotches vs. light narrow bands in C. puhuensis). From C. vilaphongi the new species difers in having an enlarged median row of subcaudals and a different dorsal color pattern (dark blotches vs. narrow yellowish white bands in C. vilaphongi). From C. wayakonei the new species is distinguished by having a higher number of precloacal and femoral pores (58–60 vs. 6–8 precloacal pores), and different subcaudal scalation (distinctly enlarged median row vs. subcaudals somewhat enlarged, broadened in C. wayakonei). From Cyrtodactylus darevskii sp. nov. the new species differs in lacking of pores in females versus 24–34 pores in C. darevskii sp. nov. females; and also in higher number of pores in males (58–60 vs. 38–44), nuchal loop (absent vs. present in C. darevskii sp. nov.). The new species is distinguished from Cyrtodactylus khammouanensis sp. nov. by its larger body size (maximum SVL 98 mm vs. 73 mm in C. khammouanensis sp. nov.), and by higher number of pores (58–60 vs. 40–44) [NAZAROV et al. 2014].

Habitat: sparsely vegetated limestone karst 
EtymologyThe species epithet “multiporus” is a Latin adjective in masculine, indicating the high number of precloacal and femoral pores typical for this species; derived from “multus” – “many” (Latin) and “porus” – “pore”, “canal” (Latinized Greek). 
References
  • LUU, VINH QUANG; THOMAS CALAME, Truong QUang Nguyen, MICHAEL BONKOWSKI & THOMAS ZIEGLER 2015. A new species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the limestone forest of Khammouane Province, central Laos. Zootaxa 4058 (3): 388–402
  • LUU, VINH QUANG; Truong QUang Nguyen, MINH DUC LE, MICHAEL BONKOWSKI, THOMAS ZIEGLER 2016. A new species of karst-dwelling bent-toed gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Khammouane Province, central Laos. Zootaxa 4079 (1): 087–102
  • Nazarov, R.A.; N.A. Poyarkov Jr., N.L. Orlov, N.S. Nguyen, K.D. Milto, A.A. Martynov, E.L. Konstantinov and A.S. Chulisov 2015. A review of genus Cyrtodactylus (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae) in fauna of Laos with description of four new species. Труды Зоологического института РАН 318 (4): 391–423 [Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 318(4):391-423, 2014]
 
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