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Cyrtodactylus murua KRAUS & ALLISON, 2006

IUCN Red List - Cyrtodactylus murua - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymCyrtodactylus murua KRAUS & ALLISON 2006 
DistributionPapua New Guinea (Woodlark Island, Milne Bay Province)

Type locality: vicinity of Guasopa, 9.2182971ºS, 152.943987ºE, 5 m, Woodlark Island, Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea, 24 January 2003. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BPBM 17858 (field tag AA 16499), immature female, collected by A. Allison 
CommentDiagnosis: A large (106–113 mm) species of Cyrtodactylus having a single row of enlarged subcaudal scales; approximately 20–22 irregular rows of prominent, conical dorsal tubercles; uniformly sized scales on throat; poorly developed lateral fold; a dark chevron on the nape followed by three dark brown bands on body, each band narrow laterally, widening mid-dorsally, with dark brown, irregular margins, and approximately twice width of intervening ground color; pale lips; and head, limbs, and interspaces between dorsal bands mottled with dark brown.

Cyrtodactylus murua can be easily distinguished from all other Papuan members of the genus except C. louisiadensis and C. aaroni in having a single row of enlarged subcaudal scales. From C. aaroni it is distinguished by its larger size (106–113 mm vs. 70–86.5 mm in C. aaroni) and in having fewer dark dorsal bands between the nape and hindlimbs (3 vs. 6 or more in C. aaroni). From C. louisiadensis it is distinguished by having the dark dorsal bands at least twice as wide as the intervening ground color (vs. narrower or equal in width in C. louisiadensis), broadening mid-dorsally (vs. of even width across the dorsum in C. louisiadensis), and with irregular margins (vs. straight margins in C. louisiadensis, Fig. 1). Furthermore, the lips of C. murua are light (vs. dark in C. louisiadensis); the head, limbs, and dorsal ground color are mottled with dark brown (vs. uniform brown in C. louisiadensis), and there are fewer rows of dorsal tubercles (approximately 20–22 vs. 24 or more in C. louisiadensis). 
EtymologyThe trivial epithet is the local name for Woodlark Island and is a noun in apposition. 
References
  • GOLDBERG, S.R., BURSEY, C.R. & F. KRAUS 2016. Endoparasites in the gecko, Cyrtodactylus murua (Squamata, Gekkonidae) from Papua New Guinea. Sauria 38 (3): 60 - 62 - get paper here
  • Kraus, F.; Allison A. 2006. A new species of Cyrtodactylus (Lacertilia: Gekkonidae) from Papua New Guinea. Zootaxa 1247: 59-68 - get paper here
  • Kraus, Fred 2008. Taxonomic partitioning of Cyrtodactylus louisiadensis (Lacertilia: Gekkonidae) from Papua New Guinea. Zootaxa 1883: 1–27 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. & Glaw, F. 2008. A new species of Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Malaysia including a literature survey of mensural and meristic data in the genus. Zootaxa 1729: 8–22 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. & S. J. Richards & R. Günther 2007. Bemerkungen zur Morphologie und Taxonomie der östlich der Wallacea vorkommenden Geckos der Gattung Cyrtodactylus GRAY, 1827, mit Beschreibungen von zwei neuen Arten (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae) Salamandra 43 (4): 193-230 - get paper here
 
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