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Cyrtodactylus rubidus (BLYTH, 1861)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Red Bow-fingered Gecko, Andamans Bent-toed Gecko 
SynonymPuellula rubida BLYTH 1861: 109
Gecko tigris TYTLER 1864: 546 (nom. subst.) (fide WERMUTH 1965)
Puellula rubida — THEOBALD 1868: 32
Cyrtodactylus rubidus — STOLICZKA 1870: 165
Gymnodactylus rubidus — BOULENGER 1885: 45
Gymnodactylus rubidus — SMITH 1935: 54
Gymnodactylus (Cyrtodactylus) rubidus — WERMUTH 1965: 66
Cyrtodactylus rubidus — KLUGE 1993
Cyrtodactylus (Cyrtodactylus) rubidus — RÖSLER 2000: 67
Cyrtodactylus rubidus — CHANDRAMOULI 2020: 79 
DistributionIndia: Andaman I (Port Blair), Cocos Islands [Myanmar (= Burma)]

Type locality: Port Blair, Andaman Islands.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: ZSI 6208–10 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cyrtodactylus rubidus is endemic to islands of the Andaman archipelago and is characterized by: moderate adult body size (SVL 48.59–56.75 mm); intensely tuberculate dorsum (13–15 transverse rows at midbody); 10–11 supralabials; nine infralabials; two elongate inner pair of post-mentals in broad contact with each other; two smaller, separated outer pair of postmentals; presence of a precloacal groove and up to six precloacal pores located around the precloacl groove in males; presence of four enlarged internasals; evident ventrolateral dermal folds; 38–40 transverse rows of juxtaposed ventrals (vs. imbricate in C. adleri and C. nicobaricus sp. nov.); 20– 23 transverse rows of rounded dorsal tubercles; two pairs of rounded post-cloacal spurs in males; 17–19 subdigital lamellae under the IV toe, of which the basal six are expanded; presence of a nuchal loop formed by post ocular streaks extending and joining at the nape and a dorsal colour pattern of 8–9 dark transverse bands on a dark grey to brown background (Chandramouli 2020).

Sexual dimorphism: Females lack the pale skin patch in the precloacal region and precloacal pores. Two small, rounded cloacal spurs located near the sides of the vent in males (Chandramouli 2020). 
Comment 
Etymology 
References
  • Bauer, A.M. 2003. Descriptions of seven new Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) with a key to the species of Myanmar (Burma). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54: 463-498 - get paper here
  • Blyth,E. 1861. Proceedings of the Society. Report of the Curator. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal xxix [1860]: 87-115 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Chandramouli, S. R. 2020. A review of the Gekkonid genus Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Sauria: Gekkonidae) in the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago with the description of two new species from the Nicobar Islands. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology 9 (1): 78-89 - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • Grossmann, W. 1987. Das Portrait: Cyrtodactylus rubidus (BLYTH). Sauria 9 (3): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Krysko, K. L.; Rehman, H. & Auffenberg, K. 2007. A new species of Cyrtopodion (Gekkonidae: Gekkoninae) from Pakistan. Herpetologica 63 (1): 100-113 - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Die postanale Beschuppung bei Cyrtodactylus GRAY 1827 und Cyrtopodion FITZINGER 1843 - funktionelle und taxonomische Aspekte (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 2: 154-207
  • Rösler, H. & Glaw, F. 2008. A new species of Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Malaysia including a literature survey of mensural and meristic data in the genus. Zootaxa 1729: 8–22 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Stoliczka, F. 1870. Observations on some Indian and Malayan Amphibia and Reptilia. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 39: 134-228. - get paper here
  • Sumontha, M., Panitvong, N. & Deein, G. 2010. Cyrtodactylus auribalteatus (Squamata: Gekkonidae), a new cave- dwelling gecko from Phitsanulok Province, Thailand. Zootaxa 2370: 53–64 - get paper here
  • Theobald, William 1868. Catalogue of the reptiles of British Birma, embracing the provinces of Pegu, Martaban, and Tenasserim; with descriptions of new or little-known species. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 10: 4-67. - get paper here
  • Tytler, R. C. 1865. Observations on a few species of geckos alive in the possession of the author. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal 33 [1864]:535—548. - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Vogel, Gernot 2014. Die Andamanen – Ein wenig bekanntes Tierparadies. Terraria-Elaphe 2014 (6): 44-55 - get paper here
 
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