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Cyrtodactylus soba BATUWITA & BAHIR, 2005

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesDumbara bent toed gecko 
SynonymCyrtodactylus soba BATUWITA & BAHIR 2005
Cyrtodactylus srilankensis DAS & SILVA 2005: 99 (nom. nud.)
Cyrtodactylus soba — ZIESMANN et al. 2007 
DistributionSri Lanka

Type locality: Corbett’s Gap, Knuckles Mountains, Matale District (07°22’N, 80°51’E, elevation 1100 m). Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: WHT 6042, adult male (99.9 mm SVL), (regenerated tail broken at base). 
CommentDiagnosis.– Cyrtodactylus soba, new species, is distinguished from all other congeners by the combination of following characters: subdigital lamellae beneath proximal portion of 4thdigit of manus, 6–7; beneath distal portion, 12–14; basal lamellae under proximal portion as wide as digit width. Subdigital lamellae beneath proximal portion of 4th digit of pes, 8; beneath distal portion, 12–16; absence of fragmented basal lamellae beneath distal phalanges; no precloacal groove; 5–8 precloacal pores in males; claws distinctly short (ClawLM/ ForeaL ratio 0.05–0.09; ClawLP/CrusL ratio 0.06–0.10); mental subpentagonal. Scales across mid-body between ventrolateral folds, 30–34. Dorsal scales across mid-body between ventrolateral folds,61–72. Tubercles on paravertebral row, 25–31; 7–10 rows of weakly keeled dorsal tubercles at mid-body.Ventral scales imbricate, with pointed posterior edges. Original tail longer than body (TailL/ SVL ratio range1.11). Among its Sri Lankan congeners, Cyrtodactylus soba resembles C. edwardtaylori, from which it may be distinguished by having 5 dorsal bands, 7–10 mid-dorsal tubercles, 25–31 paravertebral tubercles and mid-ventral scales with pointed posterior edge, vs. 4 dark bands, 14–15 mid-dorsal tubercles, 40–45 paravertebral tubercles and mid-ventral scales with rounded posterior edge.

Apparently the original intention of BATUWITA & BAHIR 2005 was to name C. soba differently, namely C. srilankensis, so DAS & SILVA (2005) used that name in their book while BATUWITA & BAHIR 2005 changed their mind. Since DAS & SILVA did not designate any type specimen for C. srilankensis it is both a nomen nudum and a junior synonym of C. soba (Mark O’Shea and Indraneil Das, pers. comm.). 
EtymologyNamed after the Sinhala word for “beautiful”, an allusion to the beauty of the habitat of this species, appliedhere as a noun in apposition. 
References
  • Batuwita, S. & M. M. Bahir 2005. Description of five new species of Cyrtodactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from Sri Lanka. Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl. No. 12: 351-380 - get paper here
  • Das, I. & De Silva, A. 2005. Photographic guide to snakes and other reptiles of Sri Lanka. New Holland Publishers, 144 pp.
  • de Silva, Anslem, A. Bauer, S. Goonewardene, J. Drake, S. Nathaniel and P. de Silva 2005. The Dumbara bent toed gecko Cyrtodactylus soba: The dominant gekkonid lizard inhabiting the Knuckles massif. Lyriocephalus (Special Issue) 6(1-2):137-144
  • Rösler, H. & Glaw, F. 2008. A new species of Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Malaysia including a literature survey of mensural and meristic data in the genus. Zootaxa 1729: 8–22 - get paper here
  • Somaweera, R. & Somaweera, N. 2009. Lizards of Sri Lanka: a colour guide with field keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 304 pp.
  • Ziesmann, S.; Janzen, P. & Klaas, P. 2007. Die Vielfalt der Geckos [Sri Lankas]. Draco 7 (30): 38-44 - get paper here
 
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