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Cyrtopodion kachhense (STOLICZKA, 1872)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
SubspeciesCyrtopodion kachhense ingoldbyi (PROCTER 1923)
Cyrtopodion kachhense kachhense (STOLICZKA 1872) 
Common NamesKachh (Spotted Ground) Gecko, Warty Rock Gecko
ingoldbyiL Western Ground Gecko 
SynonymGymnodactylus kachhensis STOLICZKA 1872: 79
Gymnodactylus petrensis MURRAY 1884 (fide BOULENGER 1885)
Gymnodactylus kachhensis — BOULENGER 1885: 29
Gymnodactylus kachhensis kachhensis — WERMUTH 1965: 55
Tenuidactylus kachhensis - KHAN & TASNIM 1990
Cyrtopodion kachhensis — RÖSLER 1995: 112
Cyrtopodion kachhense — ANDERSON 1999
Cyrtopodion (Cyrtopodion) kachhensis — RÖSLER 2000: 69
Cyrtopodion kachhense — MASROOR 2008
Cyrtopodion (Cyrtopodion) kachhense — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Cyrtopodion kachhensis — MURTHY 2010: 69
Cyrtopodion kachhense — RÖSLER 2016: 7

Cyrtopodion kachhense ingoldbyi (PROCTER 1923)
Gymnodactylus ingoldbyi PROCTER 1923: 121
Gymnodactylus kachhensis watsoni — SMITH 1935: 44 (part.)
Gymnodactylus kachhensis watsoni — WERMUTH 1965: 55
Cyrtopodion (Cyrtopodion) kachhensis ingoldbyi — RÖSLER 2000: 69
Cyrtopodion kachhense ingoldby — KHAN 2003
Cyrtopodion kachhense ingoldby — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Cyrtopodion kachhense ingoldby — RÖSLER 2016: 26 
DistributionPakistan (Sind, Cutch, Balutschistan), adjacent India (Kachchh, Gujarat), Iran.

ingoldby: widely in the Sulaiman Range extending into Waziristan Hills, along western border of Punjab, Pakistan; Type locality: “Ladha” (= Ladha, Dera Ismael Khan District, southeastern NWFP, Pakistan).

kachhense: Pakistan (Sind, Cutch, Balutschistan); Type locality: Ladha, Dera Ismael Khan. SE NorthWestern Frontier Province, Pakistan.

watsoni: Pakistan (Northwestern Frontier Province); Type locality: Quetta. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1921.3.21.1, ZSI 5162 (syntype)
Holotype: (BMNH 84.7.25.2-3 [petrensis]
Holotype: BMNH 1921.3.21.1/1946.8.23.23 [ingoldbyi] 
CommentSynonymy: Gymnodactylus ingoldbyi Pricter 1922 has long been synonymized with Cyrtopodion scaber and C. watsoni. However, study of the new material from Sulaiman tracts, along western border of Punjab, Pakistan has proved the validity of Gymnodactylus ingoldbyi and established it as a northern race of Cyrtopodion kachhensis.

Diagnosis (ingoldbyi): Medium sized angular toed gecko with trihedral dorsal tubercles sides of which are bowed-in on large flattened basal plate with sharp median dorsal ridge keel; 14-16 interorbitals; 32- 40 scales across midbelly, 149-156 scales in a line from suture between first pair of postmentals to anterior anal lip; 4-6 preanal pores, no femoral pores; an additional ventro-lateral row of subtrihedral caudal tubercles extending almost to the mid tail; 2-3 lateral cloacal tubercles; divided subcaudals, three rows to a segment [KHAN 1997]. 
References
  • Agarwal, I., Bauer, A.M., Jackman, T.R. & Karanth, P. 2014. Cryptic species and Miocene diversification of Palaearctic naked-toed geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae) in the Indian dry zone. Zoologica Scripta DOI: 10.1111/zsc.12062 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • BAUER, AARON M.; RAFAQAT MASROOR, JAMES TITUS-MCQUILLAN, MATTHEW P. HEINICKE,, JUAN D. DAZA & TODD R. JACKMAN 2013. A preliminary phylogeny of the Palearctic naked-toed geckos (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) with taxonomic implications. Zootaxa 3599 (4): 301–324 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Khan, M. S. 1993. A checklist and key to the gekkonid lizards of Pakistan. Hamadryad 18: 35-41 - get paper here
  • Khan, M. S. 1998. Validity, generic redesignation, and taxonomy of Western Rock Gecko Gymnodactylus ingoldbyi Procter, 1923. Russ. J. Herpetol. 4 (2): 83-88 [1997] - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 2003. Anmerkungen zur Morphologie, Verbreitung und den Habitatpräferenzen einiger pakistanischer Geckos. Sauria 25 (3): 35-47 [erratum in 25 (4): 27] - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 2008. Review of the morphology, ecology, and distribution of geckos of the genus Cyrtopodion, with a note on generic placement of Cyrtopodion brachykolon Krysko et. al., 2007. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences 6: 79–86
  • Khan, Muhammad Sharif 2005. An Overview of the Angular-toed Geckos of Pakistan (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Gekko 4 (2): 20-30
  • Krysko, K.L.; Rehman, H. & Auffenberg, K. 2007. A new species of Cyrtopodion (Gekkonidae: Gekkoninae) from Pakistan. Herpetologica 63 (1): 100-113 - get paper here
  • Masroor, R. 2008. A new species of Cyrtopodion (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from the northern areas of Pakistan. Zootaxa 1857: 33-43 - get paper here
  • Masroor, R. 2009. A new arboreal species of Cyrtopodion (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Deh Akro-II Wetlands Complex, Sindh, Pakistan. Zootaxa 2243: 57-67 [erratum in Zootaxa 2307: 68] - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Nazarov, Roman A. and Mehdi Rajabizadeh 2007. A new species of angular-goed gecko of the genus Cyrtopodion (Squamata: Sauria: Gekkonidae) from south-east Iran (Sistan-Baluchistan province). Russ. J. Herpetol. 14 (2):137-144 - get paper here
  • Nazarov, Roman A., Natalia B. Ananjeva and J. Theodore Papenfuss. 2011. A new species of thin-toes geckos Cyrtopodion sensu lato (Squamata: Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Balochistan Province, South Pakistan. Russ. J. Herpetol. 18 (2): 130-137 - get paper here
  • Nazarov, Roman A.;Dmitry А. Bondarenko, Mehdi Radjabizadeh 2012. A New Species of Thin-Toed Geckos Cyrtopodion sensu lato (Squamata: Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Hormozgan Province, South Iran. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (4): 292-298 - get paper here
  • Nazarov, Roman; Natalia Ananjeva, and Mehdi Radjabizadeh 2010. Two New Species of Angular-Toed Geckoes (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from South Iran. Russ. J. Herpetol. 16 (4): 311-324 [2009] - get paper here
  • Procter, J. B. 1923. Lacertilia. Pp. 120-127. In Ingoldby, C. M., and J. B. Proctor. Notes on a collection of Reptilia from Waziristan and the adjoining portion of the N. W. Frontier Province. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 29:117-130. - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Rösler H 2016. Bemerkungen über einige Geckoarten der Zoologischen Staatssammlung München. Gekkota Suppl. 3: 1-94
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Die postanale Beschuppung bei Cyrtodactylus GRAY 1827 und Cyrtopodion FITZINGER 1843 - funktionelle und taxonomische Aspekte (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 2: 154-207
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Rösler, Herbert and Frank Glaw. 2009. Morphologische Variation von Cyrtopodion kachhense (Stoliczka, 1872), C. scabrum (Heyden, 1827) und C. watsoni (Murray, 1892) (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae) aus Belutschistan (Pakistan). Sauria 30 (4):11-18 [2008] - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2003. Haltung und Zucht von Sind-Felsengeckos, Cyrtopodion kachhensis (STOLICZKA 1872). Reptilia (Münster) 8 (40): 65-67 - get paper here
  • Shcherbak, N. N. [= Szczerbak], and M. L. Golubev 1996. Gecko fauna of the USSR and contiguous regions. SSAR [Russian original published in 1986].
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Stoliczka,F. 1872. Notes on the Reptilian and Amphibian Fauna of Kachh. Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 1872: 71-85 - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
 
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