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Daboia palaestinae (WERNER, 1938)

IUCN Red List - Daboia palaestinae - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: Palestine Viper
G: Palästinaviper 
SynonymVipera palaestinae WERNER 1938
Vipera xanthina palaestinae — MERTENS 1952
Vipera palaestinae — NILSON & SUNDBERG 1981
Daboia (Daboia) palaestinae — OBST 1983: 233
Vipera palaestinae — WELCH 1994: 123
Vipera palaestinae — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 407
Vipera palaestinae — DISI et al. 2001: 339
Daboia palaestinae — MALLOW et al. 2003
Vipera (s.l.) palaestinae — VENCHI & SINDACO 2006
Daboia palaestinae — STÜMPEL & JOGER 2009
Vipera palaestinae — VOLYNCHIK 2011
Maxhoservipera palaestinae — HOSER 2012 (preliminary)
Daboia palaestinae — WALLACH et al. 2014: 207 
DistributionSyria, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon

Type locality: Haifa, Palaestina Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: ZSM 70/1938 

Not found in Turkey but close to the Turkish-Syrian border (Latakia; fide NILSON et al. 1988). 
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391 [this journal has a dubious record, see]
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Damhoureyeh, S.A.; Qarqaz, M.A.; Baker, M.A.; Himdan, N.; Eid, E. & Amr, Z.S. 2009. Reptiles and Amphibians in Dibbeen Nature Reserve, Jordan. Vertebrate Zoology 59 (2): 169 – 177
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Esterbauer,H. 1985. Zur Herpetofauna Südwestsyriens. Herpetofauna 7 (38): 23-34 - get paper here
  • Garrigues, Thomas; Catherine Dauga; Elisabeth Ferquel; Valérie Choumet and Anna-Bella Failloux 2005. Molecular phylogeny of Vipera Laurenti, 1768 and the related genera Macrovipera (Reuss, 1927) and Daboia (Gray, 1842), with comments about neurotoxic Vipera aspis aspis populations. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution <br />Volume 35 (1): 35-47 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R. 2012. A taxonomic revision of the Vipera palaestinae Werner, 1938 species group, with the creation of a new genus and a new subgenus. Australasian J. Herpetol. 11: 53-55 - get paper here
  • Hraoui-Bloquet, S.; Sadek, R.A.; Sindaco, R. & Venchi, A. 2002. The herpetofauna of Lebanon: new data on distribution. Zoology in the Middle East 27: 35-46 - get paper here
  • Keydar, Y. & E. Eylan & H. Mendelssohn & U. Marder 1971. Infektionen durch Pseudomonas aeruginosa bei der Palästinaviper, Vipera xanthina palaestinae Salamandra 7 (3-4): 101-116 - get paper here
  • Lillywhite, Harvey B. 2014. How Snakes Work: Structure, Function and Behavior of the World's Snakes. Oxford University Press, New York, 256 pp
  • Mallow, D. Ludwig, D. & Nilson, G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger, Malabar, Florida, 410 pp. [review in HR 35: 200, Reptilia 35: 74]
  • Martínez-Freiría, Fernando; Pierre-André Crochet, Soumia Fahd, Philippe Geniez, José C Brito, Guillermo Velo-Antón 2017. Integrative phylogeographical and ecological analysis reveals multiple Pleistocene refugia for Mediterranean Daboia vipers in north-west Africa, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society , blx038 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mertens, R. 1952. Türkiye amfibi ve reptilleri hakkinda. Amphibien und Reptilien aus der Türkei. Rev. Istanbul Üniversitesi fen Fakültesi Mecmuasi, 17:41-75. - get paper here
  • Nilson, G., Andren, C., & Flärdh, B. 1988. Die Vipern der Türkei. Salamandra 24 (4): 215-247 - get paper here
  • Nilson,G. & Sundberg,P. 1981. The taxonomic status of the Vipera xanthina complex. Journal of Herpetology 15 (3): 379-381 - get paper here
  • Obst, F.J. 1983. Zur Kenntnis der Schlangengattung Vipera. Zool. Abh. staatl. Mus. Tierkunde Dresden 38: 229-235
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92 - get paper here
  • Stümpel, Nikolaus; Ulrich Joger 2009. Recent advances in phylogeny and taxonomy of Near and Middle Eastern Vipers – an update. ZooKeys 31: 179-191 - get paper here
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Volynchik, Stanislav 2011. Morphology of Vipera palaestinae: Intraspecific Variability and Sexual Dimorphism. Russ. J. Herpetol. 18 (4): 260–272 - get paper here
  • VOLYNCHIK, Stanislav 2012. Morphological Variability in Vipera palaestinae along an Environmental Gradient. Asian Herpetological Research 3 (3): 227–239 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner,F. 1938. Eine verkannte Viper (Vipera palaestinae n. sp.). Zool. Anz. 122: 313-318 - get paper here
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