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Daboia siamensis (SMITH, 1917)

IUCN Red List - Daboia siamensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: Eastern Russel’s Viper
G: Östliche Kettenviper
Chinese: 泰国圆斑蝰 
SynonymVipera russelli siamensis SMITH 1917
Vipera russelii limitis MERTENS 1927: 183
Vipera russelli limitis — MERTENS 1930
Vipera russelli formosensis MAKI 1931: 197
Vipera russelli sublimitis KOPSTEIN 1936: 255
Vipera russelli burmanus MAUNG MAUNG AYE in GOPALAKRISHNAKONE & TAN1987: 83 (nom. subst.)
Daboia russelli siamensis— WELCH 1994: 51
Daboia russelii siamensis — COX et al. 1998: 18
Daboia russellii [sic] siamensis — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 221
Daboia russelii siamensis — ZHAO 2006
Daboia siamensis — THORPE et al. 2007
Daboia siamensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 208
Daboia russellii limitis — NCBI TAXONOMY 2016 
DistributionChina (Kwantung), Myanmar (= Burma), Indonesia (E Java, Komodo, Flores, Lomblen, Endeh), Thailand, Taiwan, Cambodia

Type locality: "Sam Kok, Central Siam, about 60 km. N. of Bangkok" [Thailand].  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.18.8 (formerly BMNH 1927.11.24.1)
Syntype: MZB [sublimitis] 
CommentVenomous! See also D. russelii.

NCBI taxonomy ID: 338883 [limitis]

DNA barcodes suggested multiple species within this species (Laopichienpong et al. 2016). 
EtymologyNamed after its type locality (Siam = Thailand). 
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • Gopalakrishnakone, P. and Tan 1987. Progress Venom Toxin Res., pp. 78-107
  • Iskandar, Djoko T. and Mumpuni 2002. The herpetological type specimens in the Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense Collection. Hamadryad 27 (1):123-135
  • Kopstein, F. 1936. Herpetologische notizen XIII. Ueber Vipera russellii von Java. Treubia 15: 259-264 - get paper here
  • Lang, Ruud de 2012. Snakes of the Lesser Sunda Islands (Nusa Tenggara), Indonesia. Edition Chimaira, 349 pp.
  • Laopichienpong, Nararat et al. 2016. Assessment of snake DNA barcodes based on mitochondrial COI and Cytb genes revealed multiple putative cryptic species in Thailand. Gene - get paper here
  • Neang T., Grismer, L.L., Hun S. & Phan C. 2015. New herpetofauna records and range extensions for Daboia siamensis (Smith, 1917) and Gekko petricolus Taylor, 1962 from Cambodia. Cambodian Journal of Natural History, 2015: 172–182 - get paper here
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Smith, M.A. 1917. Descriptions of new reptiles and a new batrachian from Siam. J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam 2: 221-225 - get paper here
  • Thorpe, S Roger, Pook, E Catharine, Malhotra, Anita 2007. Phylogeography of the Russell's viper (Daboia russelii) complex in relation to variation in the colour pattern and symptoms of envenoming. The Herpetological Journal 17 (4): 209-218
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Welch, K. R. G. 1994. Snakes of the World. A Checklist. I. Venomous snakes. KCM Books, Somerset, England.
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
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