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Darevskia praticola (EVERSMANN, 1834)

IUCN Red List - Darevskia praticola - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesDarevskia praticola praticola (EVERSMANN 1834)
Darevskia praticola hungarica (SOBOLEWSKY 1930)
Darevskia praticola hyrcanica TUNIYEV, DORONIN, KIDOV & TUNIYEV 2011
Darevskia praticola loriensis TUNIYEV, DORONIN, TUNIYEV, AGHASYAN, KIDOV & AGHASYAN 2013 
Common NamesG: Kaukasische Wieseneidechse
E: Meadow Lizard
Russian: Луговая ящерица 
SynonymLacerta praticola EVERSMANN 1834: 345
Lacerta praticola — BEDRIAGA 1895
Lacerta vivipara var. stenolepis NIKOLSKY 1911
Lacerta plicata BARTENJEW & REZNIKOVA 1931
Lacerta praticola — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Darevskia praticola — ARRIBAS 1997
Lacerta praticola — FU & MURPHY 1997
Lacerta praticola — ANDERSON 1999
Lacerta praticola praticola — ROITBERG et al. 2000
Darevskia praticola — MURPHY et al. 2000
Lacerta praticola — SZCZERBAK 2003
Zootoca praticola — LAZAR et al. 2005
Darevskia praticola — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Lacerta (Darevskia) praticola praticola — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008

Darevskia praticola hungarica (SOBOLEWSKY 1930)
Lacerta praticola hungarica SOBOLEWSKY 1930: 4
Lacerta praticola hungarica — STUGREN 1961
Lacerta praticola hungarica — STUGREN 1984
Darevskia praticola hungarica — DORONIN 2016

Darevskia praticola hyrcanica TUNIYEV, DORONIN, KIDOV & TUNIYEV 2011
Darevskia praticola hyrcanica — DORONIN 2015

Darevskia praticola loriensis TUNIYEV, DORONIN, TUNIYEV, AGHASYAN, KIDOV & AGHASYAN 2013
Darevskia praticola loriensis — DORONIN 2015 
DistributionRussia (C/E/W Caucasus, Dagestan and Krasnodar Kray), Transcaucasia, NE Iran, NE Serbia, E Bulgaria, European Turkey, NE Greece, NW Iran, Republic of Georgia, N/SE Azerbaijan, N Armenia

praticola: S Russia, Iran etc.; Type locality: Narzan, North Caucasus; Town Kislovodsk, S Russia (fide Tuniyev et al. 2013)

hyrcanica: Iran, Azerbaijan (Talysh foothills and Elbrus range), Type locality: Azerbaijan, Astara District, Talysh Ridge, natural boundary of Gada-Zyga-Khi (1510 m above sea level, 38°28’ N 48°35’ E)

loriensis: Armenia (Lori); Type locality: “Armenia, Lori Marz (Province), vicinity of Stepanavan, village Gyulagarak (1438 m above sea level, 40°56’35.0’’ N 44°28’19.1’’E)  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: ZISP = ZIN (Zoological Institute of St. Petersburg)
Holotype: Herpetological collection of Sochi National Park, Sochi, SNP No 1473 (5), adult female, Azerbaijan, Astara District, Talysh Ridge, natural boundary of Gada-Zyga-Khi (1510 m above sea level, 38°28’ N 48°35’ E), 18.08.2009, collector A. A. Kidov (Fig. 7). Paratypes. SNP 1473.0-19 (25 specimens), herpetological collection of SNP, Sochi; ZISP 12301, 12630, 12632-12635, St. Petersburg [hyranica]
Holotype: SNP 1568 (Herpetological collection of the Sochi National Park, Sochi), adult male, 22.05.2012, collector S. B. Tuniyev; paratypes: SNP 1569.1-19, ZISP 17075 [loriensis]
Lectotype: ZISP 9814 (unknown locality), paralectotypes – ZMMU R 2538 [hungarica]
Holotype: ZISP 7203, location unknown [Lacerta vivipara stenolepis]
Holotype: ZISP 15204, Russia, Mostovskoy District, Caucasian Biosphere Reserve, on the road from the Veriyut (=Nikitino Village) on the Malaya Laba River to the Malyi Pambak Mount, firebreak in streams in the small mountain river on the sunny glade, 43° 53’ N 40° 31’ E, 15.07.1930. Coll.: A.N. Bartenef [Lacerta plicata] 
CommentSubspecies: Darevskia praticola pontica is now considered a valid species. Darevskia praticola hungarica (SOBOLEWSKY 1930) may be a subspecies of D. pontica (Doronin, pers. comm. 5 Jul 2016). SABERI-PIROOZ et al. 2018 suggested to synonymize loriensis with hyrcanica.

Synonymy: primarily after Stugren 1984 and Doronin 2016.

Distribution: D. praticola is not in Romania, but pontica is. See maps in Doronin 2015. See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
EtymologyEtymology (hyranica). A subspecies is named after the ancient name of the Caspian sea (Hyrcania) and province south-east of Caspian Sea, which is a base for the name of Hyrcan biogeographical province, including Talysh, Len- koran lowland and Caspian slope of Western Alburz (the area of distribution of the described subspecies). 
References
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