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Darevskia armeniaca (MÉHELY, 1909)

IUCN Red List - Darevskia armeniaca - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesG: Armenische Eidechse 
SynonymLacerta saxicola armeniaca MÉHELY 1909: 549
Lacerta muralis BOETTGER 1893
Lacerta muralis var. chalybdea BOULENGER 1904
Lacerta saxicola rudis — MEHELY 1909: 494
Lacerta saxicola var. chalybdea — MEHELY 1909: 494
Lacerta armeniaca — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Lacerta saxicola armeniaca — DAREVSKY 1957: 40
Lacerta armeniaca — DAREVSKY 1967
Lacerta armeniaca — FU, MURPHY & DAREVSKY 2000
Darevskia armeniaca — ARRIBAS 1997
Archaeolacerta (Caucasilacerta) armeniaca — SINDACO et al. 2000
Darevskia “armeniaca” — BISCHOFF 2002
Lacerta armeniaca — SZCZERBAK 2003
Darevskia armeniaca — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Lacerta (Darevskia) armeniaca — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionNW/N Armenia, S Republic of Georgia (Small Caucasus), NE Turkey, W Azerbaijan, NW Turkey, N Ukraine (introduced)

Type locality: coast of the Lake Sevan, Armenia; “Elenowka, am Westufer des Göktshai-Sees” (fide MEHELY 1909: 549)  
Reproductionoviparous; Parthenogenetic "species".  
TypesHolotype: SMF 6028z 
CommentSynonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.). Petrosyan et al. (2003) show that the populations of D. dahli examined have genetically heterogeneous structure (at the level of between-population differences) whereas the populations of D. armeniaca have genetically homogeneous structure characteristic of one clone.

Lacerta armeniaca originated from interspecific hybridization of L. valentini and
L. mixta (Darevsky, 1992; MacCulloch et al., 1995). Darevsky 1957 described hybridization between L. saxicola armeniaca and L. s. defilippii. 
  • Arakelyan, M. & F. Danielyan 2008. Parthenogenesis in Caucasian Rock Lizards of the genus Darevskia from Armenia. Evolution of parthenogenesis in view of host-parasites relatives. Herpetologia Sardiniae (Claudia Corti, ed.), Edizioni Belvedere, 504 pp.
  • Arakelyan, Marine S.; Felix D. Danielyan, Claudia Corti, Roberto Sindaco, and Alan E. Leviton 2011. The Herpetofauna of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 154 pp. [ISBN: 978-0-916984-84-7.]
  • Arakelyan, Marine, Ruzanna Petrosyan, Cetin Ilgaz, Yusuf Kumlutas, Salih Hakan Durmus, Yahya Tayhan and Felix Danielyan. 2013. A skeletochronological study of parthenogenetic lizards of the genus Darevskia from Turkey. Acta Herpetologica 8 (2): 99-104 - get paper here
  • Arnold, E.N.; Arribas, O. & Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa 1430: 1-86 - get paper here
  • BADER, T. & KOPECZKY, R. & RIEGLER, C. & WIELAND, F. 2016. Die Eidechsen Armeniens – Teil 1: Die Gattung Darevskia Die Eidechse 27 (1): 1-14.
  • Bischoff, W. 1978. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Echsen des Kaukasus. Salamandra 14 (4): 178-202 - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 2002. Auf der Suche nach Darevskia valentini (BOETTGER 1892) in Georgien - Impressionen aus einem wenig bekannten Land. Elaphe 10 (3): 49-61
  • Bischoff, W. 2005. Die echten Eidechsen der Familie Lacertidae - eine Übersicht. Draco 5 (21): 4-27 - get paper here
  • Danielyan, Felix D., Marine Arakelyan and Ilona Stepanyan. 2008. Hybrids of Darevskia valentini, D. armeniaca and D. unisexualis from a sympatric population in Armenia. Amphibia-Reptilia 29 (4): 487-504 - get paper here
  • Darevskii, I. S. & Kupriyanova, L. A. 1982. Rare males in parthenogenetic lizard Lacerta armeniaca Méhely. Vertebrata Hungarica 21: 69-75
  • Darevsky, I. S. and Danielyan, F. D. 1968. Diploid and triploid progeny arising from natural mating of parthenogenetic Lacerta armeniaca and L. unisexualis with bisexual L. saxicola valentini. Journal of Herpetology 2: 65-69. - get paper here
  • Darevsky, I. S., Kupriyanova, L. A. and Bakradze, M. A. 1978. Occasional males and intersexes in parthenogenetic species of Caucasian rock lizard (genus Lacerta). Copeia 1978 (2): 201-207. - get paper here
  • Darevsky, I.S. 1966. Natural parthogenesis in a polymorphic group of Caucasian Rock lizards related to Lacerta saxicola EVERSMANN. Journ. Ohio Herpetol. Soc.5 (4): 115-152 - get paper here
  • Darevsky, I.S. & Uzzell, T. & Kupriyanova, L.A: & Danielyan, F.D. 1973. Triploid hybrid males in sympatric populations of some parthenogenetic and bisexual species of rock lizards of the genus Lacerta. [in Russian] Bulletin of Moscow Society of Naturalists, 78 (1): 48-58
  • Darevsky,I.S. 1957. Systematics and ecology of rock lizards (Lacerta saxicola Eversmann) in Armenia [in Russian]. Zool. sb. AN Armenia SSR 10: 27-57 - get paper here
  • Darevsky,I.S. 1992. Evolution and ecology of parthenogenesis in reptiles. In: Adler,K. (ed.): Herpetology: Current research on the biology of Amphibians and Reptiles. Proc. First World Congress Herpetol. (Oxford, Ohio): 21-39
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Fu J.; Murphy R.W.; Darevsky I.S. 1999. Limited genetic variation in Lacerta mixta and its parthenogenetic daughter species: evidence from cytochrome b and ATPase 6 gene DNA sequences. Genetica 105 (3): 227-231
  • Fu, J.; MURPHY R.W. & DAREVSKY,I.S. 2000. Divergence of the cytochrome b gene in the Lacerta raddei complex and its parthenogenetic daughter species: evidence for recent multiple origins. Copeia 2000 (2): 432-440 - get paper here
  • Fu,J.; MacCulloch, R.D., Murphy, R.W. & Darevsky,I.S. 2000. Clonal variation in the caucasian rock lizard Lacerta armeniaca and its origin. Amphibia-Reptilia 21 (1): 83-89 - get paper here
  • Galoyan, Eduard 2013. Joint Space Use in a Parthenogenetic Armenian Rock Lizard (Darevskia armeniaca) Suggests Weak Competition among Monoclonal Females. Journal of Herpetology Mar 2013, Vol. 47, No. 1: 97-104. - get paper here
  • Ilgaz, C. 2006. On Specimens of Darevskia armeniaca (Sauria: Lacertidae: Darevskia) Collected from Ardahan. Turkish Journal of Zoology 30: 47-54 - get paper here
  • Kupriyanova L.A., Odierna G. 2002. Perspective approach to the problem of karyotype stability: the structure of chromosomes of two-sex and same-sex species of lizards of the family Lacertidae (allo-sympatric and net speciation). [in Russian] Evolutionary biology: Proceedings of the II International Conference "The problem of species and speciation" - Tomsk, Tomsk State University, 2002.- T. 2: 238-254
  • Kupriyanova, L. 2009. Cytogenetic and Genetic Trends in the Evolution of Unisexual Lizards. Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 273-279
  • Langerwerf, B. 1978. Kaukasusrotshagedissen als ideale terrariumdieren. Lacerta 36 (12): 196-204 - get paper here
  • Langerwerf, B. 1980. The Armenian wall lizard, Lacerta armeniaca Méhely 1909, with notes on its care and reproduction in captivity. British Herpetological Society Bulletin (2): 26-28
  • Lantz,L.A. & Cyrén,O. 1936. Contribution à la connaissance de Lacerta saxicola EVERSMANN. Bull. Soc. zool. France (Paris) 61: 159-181 - get paper here
  • MacCulloch, Ross D.;Murphy, Robert W.;Kupriyanova, Larissa A.;Darevsky, I. S.;Danielyan, F. D. 1995. Clonal variation in the parthenogenetic rock lizard Lacerta armeniaca. Genome 38: 1057-1060 - get paper here
  • Malysheva DN, OLGA N. TOKARSKAYA, VAROS G. PETROSYAN, FELIX D. DANIELYAN, ILIYA S. DAREVSKY, AND ALEXEI P. RYSKOV 2007. Genomic Variation in Parthenogenetic lizard Darevskia armeniaca: Evidence from DNA Fingerprinting Data. Journal of Heredity 98(2): 173–178
  • Malysheva DN, Vergun AA, Martirosian IA, Tokarskaia ON, Ryskov AP. 2008. [Molecular and genetic characterization of allelic variants of microsatellite loci in parthenogenetic Caucasian rock lizards Darevskia armeniaca (Lacertidae)] [Article in Russian]. Mol Gen Mikrobiol Virusol. 2008 (4):30-6.
  • Martirosyan, I. A. 2003. Variation of mini- and microsatellite DNA repeats in parthenogenetic lizard Darevskia armeniaca as revealed by DNA fingerprinting analysis. Russian Journal of Genetics 39 (2): 159-165
  • Méhely, Lajos von 1909. Materialien zu einer Systematik und Phylogenie der muralis-ähnlichen Lacerten. Annales historico-naturales Musei nationalis Hungarici, Budapest, 7 (2): 409-621 - get paper here
  • Murphy, R.W.; Fu,J.; MacCulloch, R.D.; Darevsky,I.S. & Kupriyanova,L.A. 2000. A fine line between sex and unisexuality: the phylogenetic constraints on parthenogenesis in lacertid lizards. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 130: 527-549
  • Petrosyan, V.G.; O. N. Tokarskaya; D. N. Malysheva & A. P. Ryskov 2003. Quantitative Assessment of Gene Diversity and Between-Population Differentiation of Parthenogenetic Lizard of the Genus Darevskia Using Mini- and Microsatellite DNA Markers. Russian Journal of Genetics 39 (10): 1201–1207
  • Sillero, Neftalí; Claudia Corti & Miguel A. Carretero 2016. Home ranges of parthenogenetic and bisexual species in a community of Darevskia lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae) Zoology in the Middle East 62 (3): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554.
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Tuniyev B.S., Tuniyev S.B., Avcı A., Ilgaz Ç. 2014. Herpetological studies in Eastern and North-Eastern Turkey. Current Studies in Herpetology 14 (1/2): 44–53. Резюме - get paper here
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