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Darevskia caucasica (MÉHELY, 1909)

IUCN Red List - Darevskia caucasica - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesDarevskia caucasica caucasica (MÉHELY 1909)
Darevskia caucasica vedenica (DAREVSKY & ROITBERG 1999) 
Common NamesG: Kaukasus-Eidechse
Russian: Кавказская ящерица 
SynonymLacerta caucasica MÉHELY 1909: 560
Lacerta muralis BOETTGER 1893
Lacerta muralis var. caucasica BOULENGER 1913
Lacerta saxicola caucasica NIKOLSKY 1915
Lacerta caucasica — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Lacerta caucasica — FU & MURPHY 1997
Darevskia caucasica — ARRIBAS 1997
Lacerta caucasica — ROITBERG et al. 2000
Darevskia caucasica — MURPHY et al. 2000
Lacerta caucasica — SZCZERBAK 2003
Darevskia caucasica — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Lacerta (Darevskia) caucasica — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008

Darevskia caucasica vedenica (DAREVSKY & ROITBERG 1999)
Lacerta caucasica vedenica DAREVSKY & ROITBERG 1999
Darevskia caucasica vedenica — DORONIN 2013 
DistributionCentral up to southern parts of the Caucasus Mts. in Russia (Dagestan), Republic of Georgia and NE Azerbaijan; SE Chechen Republic. Elevation up to 3200 m (DAREVSKY 1984).

Type locality: Kazbek Mountain, the Caucasus, Republic of Georgia; “Mleti, Aragwathal, Transkaukasien” (fide MEHELY 1909) etc. incl. Kasbek, Lars and other localities. Lectotype locality: Republic of Georgia, Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Kazbegi Municipality, Mount Kazbek, 42°40 ́N 44°35 ́E (Fig. 6 in Doronin 2014) (the lectotype locality invalidates the original type locality).

vedenica: southern slopes and foothills of the Andiiskii ridge, Chechen Republic, probably adjacent territories of Daghestan. Type locality: 1 km south of Vedeno rock faces along the road Vedeno -Kharochoi) SE Chechen Republic.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: SMF 6028 (MEHELY lists about 19 specimens), Lectotype: SMF 12069 (6028 b), 1.05.1879. Сoll.: H. Leder (fide Doronin 2014)
Holotype: ZISP 17744 (1). Russian Federation, Chechnya, Vedensky District, 1 km south of the of Vedeno Village, rock faces along the road Vedeno-Kharachoi (= Khоrachoi), 42°57 ́N 46°07 ́E, 14.08.1963. Coll.: И.С. Даревский [vedenica] 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.). Lacerta caucasica daghestanica and L. c. alpina have been elevated to species status.

Distribution: see Doronin 2013: 82 for a map of caucasica and vedenica. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. The subspecies vedenica is named after the large settlement Vedeno which is adjacent to its range. 
References
  • Arnold, E.N.; Arribas, O. & Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa 1430: 1-86 - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 1978. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Echsen des Kaukasus. Salamandra 14 (4): 178-202 - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 2002. Auf der Suche nach Darevskia valentini (BOETTGER 1892) in Georgien - Impressionen aus einem wenig bekannten Land. Elaphe 10 (3): 49-61
  • Bischoff, W. 2005. Die echten Eidechsen der Familie Lacertidae - eine Übersicht. Draco 5 (21): 4-27 - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 2007. Auf der Suche nach Gebirgseidechsen in drei Erdteilen. Draco 7 (27): 54-73 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1910. Remarks on Prof. L. von Mehely's recent Contribution to the Knowledge of the Lizards allied to Lacerta muralis. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 5: 247-256 - get paper here
  • Darevsky, I. S. & E. S. Roitberg 1999. A new subspecies of the rock lizard Lacerta caucasica (Sauria, Lacertidae) from the south-east of Chechen Republic on the Caucasus. Russ. J. Herpetol. 6 (3): 209-214 - get paper here
  • Darewskij, I. 1984. Lacerta caucasica - Kaukasische Felseidechse. In: Böhme,W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 2/I., Echsen II (Lacerta). Aula-Verlag Wiesbaden, pp. 225-238
  • Doronin I. V., Melnikov D. A., Melnikova E. N. 2016. Species differentiation of the rock lizard Darevskia (caucasica) complex (by DNA-barcoding data, cytochrome oxydase subunit I sequences) PROCEEDINGS OF THE 6th CONGRESS OF THE A. M. NIKOLSKY HERPETOLOGICAL SOCIETY pp. 42-49 - get paper here
  • Doronin I.V. 2013. The analysis of distribution of rock lizards of Darevskia (caucasica) complex (using the Maxent program). In:<br />Modern herpetology: problems and ways of their solutions. Collection of papers of the First International Conference of the Young Herpe Zoological institute of RAS. Saint-Petersburg, 2013. 81-85. - get paper here
  • Doronin, I.V. 2014. REVIEW OF TYPE SPECIMENS OF ROCK LIZARDS OF DAREVSKIA (CAUCASICA) COMPLEX (SAURIA: LACERTIDAE) Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Труды Зоологического института РАН) 318 (4): 371–381 - get paper here
  • Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2017. Amphibians and reptiles of Russia. Atlas and determination. 2nd. ed. Moscow: Phyton XXI, 328 p
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Fu, JINZHONG AND ROBERT W. MURPHY 1997. Toward the phylogeny of caucasian rock lizards: implications from mitochondrial DNA gene sequences (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (1997), 121: 463–477. - get paper here
  • Fu,J. et al. 1995. Genetic and morphological differentiation among caucasian rock lizards of the Lacerta caucasica complex. Russ. J. Herpetol. 2 (1): 36-42 - get paper here
  • Kupriyanova L.A., Odierna G. 2002. Perspective approach to the problem of karyotype stability: the structure of chromosomes of two-sex and same-sex species of lizards of the family Lacertidae (allo-sympatric and net speciation). [in Russian] Evolutionary biology: Proceedings of the II International Conference "The problem of species and speciation" - Tomsk, Tomsk State University, 2002.- T. 2: 238-254
  • Lantz,L.A. & Cyrén,O. 1936. Contribution à la connaissance de Lacerta saxicola EVERSMANN. Bull. Soc. zool. France (Paris) 61: 159-181 - get paper here
  • Méhely, Lajos von 1909. Materialien zu einer Systematik und Phylogenie der muralis-ähnlichen Lacerten. Annales historico-naturales Musei nationalis Hungarici, Budapest, 7 (2): 409-621 - get paper here
  • Murphy, R.W.; Fu,J.; MacCulloch, R.D.; Darevsky,I.S. & Kupriyanova,L.A. 2000. A fine line between sex and unisexuality: the phylogenetic constraints on parthenogenesis in lacertid lizards. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 130: 527-549
  • Roitberg, E. S. 1994. Morphological analysis of the Caucasian rock lizards Lacerta caucasica caucasica and L. c. daghestanica from the contact zone. Russ. J. Herpetol. 1 (2): 179-184 - get paper here
  • Roitberg, E. S., Mazanaeva, L.F., Ilyina, E. & Orlova, V.F. 2000. Die Echsen Dagestans (Nordkaukasus, Russland): Artenliste und aktuelle Verbreitungsdaten (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae, Agamidae, Anguidae, Scincidae et Lacertidae). Faunist. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 22 (8) - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
 
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