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Darevskia kopetdaghica AHMADZADEH, FLECKS, CARRETERO, MOZAFFARI, BÖHME, HARRIS, FREITAS & RÖDDER, 2013

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymDarevskia kopetdaghica AHMADZADEH, FLECKS, CARRETERO, MOZAFFARI, BÖHME, HARRIS, FREITAS & RÖDDER 2013 
DistributionIran (N Khorasan)

Type locality: Iran, Northern Khorasan Province, Kopet Dagh, Sarani Protected Area (37°44’ 4.96’’ N, 58°5’ 25.09’’ E, 2159 m elevation.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: ZFMK 94124, adult male, 27 May 2010, F. Ahmadzadeh.
Paratypes. 1 male: Turkmenistan, Ahal Province, Kopet Dagh, Bol’shiye Karanki, 1978, Chomustjenko (ZFMK29897); 1 male: Iran, Northern Khorasan Province, Kopet Dagh, Sarani Protected Area, Golool Dam, 22 September 2012, O. Mozaffari (ZFMK 94125). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A member of the D. defilippii-complex with a non- serrated collar and smooth dorsal scales, comprising all individuals belonging to the Kopet Dagh clade. It is characterized by the combination of ventral plates with nearly rectilinear posterior margins in 22–23 transversal and 6 longitudinal rows; 45–50 dorsal scales across middle of back; 10–11 collar scales; 31–34 small scales along fold among ears; 23–26 gular scales from angle between maxillar scales to collar; 16–20 femoral pores; 30 scales under fourth toe; 6 supraciliar scales; 10 supraciliar granules; 2–3 scales between masseteric and supratemporal shield; 4 scales between masseteric and tympanic shield; 2 large preanal scales; rostral separated from nostril. The maximum snout-vent length of males is 57.2 mm. All specimens exhibit a reddish colored snout tip and mental region, which is absent in the other species.
 
CommentHabitat. Grassy alpine vegetation (e.g., Acantholimon and Astragalus) and rocky outcrops.

Distribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
EtymologyNamed after its exclusive occurrence in the Kopet Dagh range. 
References
  • Ahmadzadeh F, Flecks M, Carretero MA, Mozaffari O, Böhme W, et al. 2013. Cryptic Speciation Patterns in Iranian Rock Lizards Uncovered by Integrative Taxonomy. PLoS One 8 (12): e80563. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0080563 - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097
 
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