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Darevskia lindholmi (SZCZERBAK, 1962)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymLacerta saxicola lindholmi LANTZ & CYRÉN 1936: 164 (nomen nudum)
Lacerta saxicola lindholmi SZCZERBAK 1962: 1378
Lacerta saxicola lindholmi — DAREVSKY 1984: 351
Darevskia lindholmi — MACCULLOCH et al. 2000
Darevskia lindholmi — MURPHY et al. 2000
Lacerta (Darevskia) lindholmi — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionS Ukraine (mountain regions in the Krim [Crimea] Peninsula)

Type locality: (lecotype locality) original label: «Lacerta saxicola Crimea, Yalta 18.V.1961 Leg. Szczerbak» [= Ukraine, Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Yalta, 44°29 ́N, 34°9 ́E] (Fig. 8 in Doronin 2012).  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: NMNH SR 2057/14097 (designated by DORONIN 2012, Fig. 7, = Museum of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev). LANTZ & CYRÉN 1936 did not designate a type. 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy: LANTZ & CYRÉN 1936 did not provide a description of the (sub-) species (they only said that the population from Crimea should be called lindholmi), hence subsequent authors (e.g. Wermuth & Mertens 1960) considered their name as a nomen nudum.

Original distribution of D. lindholmi: Turkey [Darevsky 1965, 1967, 1972]
S Russia (northern slopes of the west and central Caucasus, western part of the N Precaucasus, Krasnodar region, in northwestern Precaucasus, NE Black Sea coast, between Anapa and Noworossisk), W Georgia (in the south up to the Rioni Plain), S Ukraine (mountain regions in the Krim Peninsula). See map in Doronin 2012: 117.

Habitat: D. lindholmi is petrophilous but eurytopic. D. lindholmi prefers rocky uncoverings and precipices, but inhabits pebbly beaches, mountain forests and meadows as well. It is hygrophilous species, its number in arid biotopes decreased considerably.

Thermobiology: thermotolerant; D. lindholmi inhabits ecosystems of the highest and lowest temperatures in the Crimea [V. Gasso, pers. comm., 14 June 2011]. 
Etymology 
References
  • Darewskij, I. [= Darevsky] 1984. Lacerta saxicola - Felseidechse. In: Böhme,W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 2/I., Echsen II (Lacerta). Aula-Verlag Wiesbaden, pp. 345-361
  • Doronin, I.V. 2012. Review of the type specimens of Rock Lizards of Darevskia (saxicola) complex (Sauria: Lacertidae) [in Russian] Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences 316 (1): 22-39
  • Doronin, I.V. 2012. The use of GIS for the analysis of the distribution of Rock lizards Darevskia (saxicola) complex (Sauria: Lacertidae). Current Studies in Herpetology 12 (3/4): 91-122 - get paper here
  • Doronin, I.V.; B.S. Tuniyev and O.V. Kukushkin 2013. Differentiation and taxonomy of the Rock Lizards Darevskia (Saxicola) (Sauria: Lacertidae) according to morphological and molecular analyses. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences 317 (1): 54–84
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Eversmann,E. 1834. Lacertae Imperii Rossici variis in itineribus meis observatae. [Lacerta sylvicola]. Nouv. Mém. Soc. imp. Natur. (Moscow) 3: 339-358 - get paper here
  • Fu, JINZHONG AND ROBERT W. MURPHY 1997. Toward the phylogeny of caucasian rock lizards: implications from mitochondrial DNA gene sequences (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (1997), 121: 463–477. - get paper here
  • Grechko VV, Ciobanu DG, Darevsky IS, Kosushkin SA, Kramerov DA. 2006. Molecular evolution of satellite DNA repeats and speciation of lizards of the genus Darevskia (Sauria: Lacertidae). Genome 49(10):1297-307.
  • Kukushkin OV, Sviridenko EYu 2002. Finds of melanistic specimens of a rock lizard Darevskia lindholmi (reptilia, sauria, lacertidae) in the Crimea. [in Russian] Vestnik zoologii 36(3): 98
  • Kupriyanova L.A., Odierna G. 2002. Perspective approach to the problem of karyotype stability: the structure of chromosomes of two-sex and same-sex species of lizards of the family Lacertidae (allo-sympatric and net speciation). [in Russian] Evolutionary biology: Proceedings of the II International Conference "The problem of species and speciation" - Tomsk, Tomsk State University, 2002.- T. 2: 238-254
  • Lantz,L.A. & Cyrén,O. 1936. Contribution à la connaissance de Lacerta saxicola EVERSMANN. Bull. Soc. zool. France (Paris) 61: 159-181 - get paper here
  • Lukina, G.P. 1963. Sistematiceskoje polozenije i biologija skalnoj jascericy Lacerta saxicola Eversmann na sewerizaoadbih granice areala wida w predjelach Kawkaza. Izw. Akad. Nauk Azerbajdz. SSR 6: 53-61
  • Macculloch, R. D. , J. FU, I. S. DAREVSKY & R. W. MURPHY 2000. Genetic evidence for species status of some Caucasian rock lizards in the Darevskia saxicola group. Amphibia-Reptilia 21 (2): 169-176 - get paper here
  • Murphy, R.W.; Fu,J.; MacCulloch, R.D.; Darevsky,I.S. & Kupriyanova,L.A. 2000. A fine line between sex and unisexuality: the phylogenetic constraints on parthenogenesis in lacertid lizards. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 130: 527-549
  • Scerbak, N. N. [= Szczerbak] 1962. O sistematike skalnych jasceric Lacerta saxicola Evers­ mann Kryma i Sewernowo Kawkaza. [in Russian] Zoologicheskij Zhurnal, Moskwa, 11: 1374-1385
  • Scerbak, N. N. [= Szczerbak] 1962. Ekologija skalnoj jascericy (Lacerta saxicola Eversmann) w Krymu. Zbornik prats. Zool. Muz. Akad. Nauk Ukr. SSR, 31: 92—96
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
 
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