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Darevskia rudis (BEDRIAGA, 1886)

IUCN Red List - Darevskia rudis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesDarevskia rudis bischoffi (BÖHME & BUDAK 1977)
Darevskia rudis bolkardaghica ARRIBAS ILGAZ, KUMLUTAŞ, DURMUŞ, AVCI & ÜZÜM 2013
Darevskia rudis chechenica (EISELT & DAREVSKY 1991)
Darevskia rudis macromaculata (DAREWSKY 1967)
Darevskia rudis mirabilis ARRIBAS ILGAZ, KUMLUTAŞ, DURMUŞ, AVCI & ÜZÜM 2013
Darevskia rudis obscura (LANTZ & CYRÉN 1936)
Darevskia rudis rudis (BEDRIAGA 1886)
Darevskia rudis svanetica (DAREVSKY & EISELT 1980) 
Common NamesG: Grusinische Eidechse, Kielschwanz-Felseidechse
Russian: Грузинская ящерица 
SynonymLacerta depressa rudis BEDRIAGA 1886: 275
Podarcis depressa CAMERANO 1878 (part.)
Lacerta depressa rudis — BEDRIAGA 1886
Lacerta depressa — WERNER 1902
Lacerta depressa — WERNER 1904
Lacerta saxicola var. rudis — MEHELY 1909: 493, 529
Lacerta muralis var. rudis BOULENGER 1920
Lacerta saxicola rudis MEHELY 1909
Lacerta depressa — BIRD 1936: 268
Lacerta rudis — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Lacerta rudis — FU & MURPHY 1997
Darevskia rudis — ARRIBAS 1997
Darevskia rudis — MURPHY et al. 2000
Archaeolacerta (Caucasilacerta) rudis — SINDACO et al. 2000
Lacerta rudis — SZCZERBAK 2003
Darevskia rudis — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Darevskia rudis rudis (BEDRIAGA 1886)
Darevskia rudis — GABELAIA et al. 2018

Darevskia rudis bischoffi (BÖHME & BUDAK 1977)
Lacerta (Darevskia) rudis bischoffi — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Darevskia rudis bischoffi — ARRIBAS et al. 2013
Darevskia rudis bischoffi — TUNIYEV et al. 2014

Darevskia rudis chechenica (EISELT & DAREVSKY 1991)
Lacerta rudis chechenica — ROITBERG et al. 2000
Darevskia rudis chechenica — BISCHOFF 2002
Lacerta (Darevskia) rudis chechenica — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008

Darevskia rudis macromaculata (DAREWSKY 1967)
Lacerta (Darevskia) rudis macromaculata — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Darevskia rudis macromaculata — ARRIBAS et al. 2013
Darevskia rudis macromaculata — TUNIYEV et al. 2014

Darevskia rudis mirabilis ARRIBAS et al. 2013
Darevskia rudis mirabilis — TUNIYEV et al. 2014

Darevskia rudis obscura (LANTZ & CYRÉN 1936)
Lacerta saxicola obscura LANTZ & CYRÉN 1936: 177
Lacerta rudis obscura — LANGERWERF 1978
Lacerta (Darevskia) rudis obscura — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Darevskia rudis obscura — ARRIBAS et al. 2013
Darevskia rudis obscura — TUNIYEV et al. 2014
Darevskia obscura — GABELAIA et al. 2018

Darevskia rudis svanetica (DAREVSKY & EISELT 1980)
Lacerta (Darevskia) rudis svanetica — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionTurkey (Trabzon region, Uludag), SE Black Sea coast in Republic of Georgia and Turkey, Russia (northern slope of the central Caucasus, Dagestan), S/W Republic of Georgia (southern slope of the central Caucasus, upper Kura valley, Small Caucasus, southern slope of the central Caucasus, west of L. r. chechenica) and adjacent Turkey, NW Azerbaijan; elevation up to 2000 m.

bischoffi: NE Turkey; Type locality: Turkey, Artvin Province, 6 km to the southwest Arhavi, rocky exits along the automobile route, 41°19 ́15 ́ ́N 41°14 ́41 ́ ́E.

bolkardaghica: Turkey (C Anatolia); Type locality: Karagöl, Ulukışla, Niğde, Central Anatolia; “Turkey, Mersin Province, rocks vicinity of Karagöl Lake, 37°24 ́13 ́ ́N 34°33 ́27 ́ ́E” fide Doronin 2017.

chechenica: S Russia (Caucasus mountains; Daghestan); Type locality: Russia, Chechnya Shatoysky District, gorge of the Argun River 4 km higher (north) of the Sovetskoye (= Shatoy) village, 1500 m asl, 42°54 ́41 ́ ́N 45°42 ́56 ́ ́E; paratypes: NMW; paratype locality: Südabfall des zentralen Kaukasus, Pasanauri, Georgien.

macromaculata: Republic of Georgia, NE Turkey; Type locality: Georgia, Samtskhe-Javakheti Region, vicinity of Akhalkalaki, about 1800 m asl, 41°23 ́N 43°29 ́E.

mirabilis: Turkey (NE Anatolia); Type locality: Ovit-pass, Trabzon, northeastern Anatolia, 40°37 ́158 ́ ́N 40°49 ́144 ́ ́E.

obscura: Republic of Georgia, NE Turkey; lectotype locality: Georgia, Samtskhe-Javakheti, Borjomi, road to Akhaltsikhe.

svanetica: C Great Caucasus; NE Republic of Georgia, NW Abkhazia. Type locality: Georgia, Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti Region, vicinity of Mestia, 43°03 ́N, 42°45 ́E, 1700 m asl;Paratype locality: Pari im Inguri-Tal, Swanetien

Type locality: Batumi (Republic of Georgia) and Trabzon (Turkey)  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: MZUT 2737:1 (Museo ed Istituto di Zoologia Sistematica, Torino), designated by Böhme and Budak 1977.

Holotype: ZDEU 144/2009.6, 19.07.2009. Coll.: Y. Kumlutaş [bolkardaghica]

Holotype: ZDEU 145/2002 [mirabilis]
Lectotype: ZISP 17171.1, here designated by Doronin 2017. (Fig. 7 in Doronin 2017), 30.05.1914. Coll.: L.A. Lantz [obscura]
Holotype: ZISP 17940.6 (Figs. 8-9 in Doronin 2017), 24.06.1961. Coll.: I.S. Darevsky. [macromaculata]
Holotype: ZDEU 183/977, 05.1977. Coll.: A. Budak [bischoffi]
Holotype: ZISP 17875.1 (Fig. 10 in Doronin 2017), 13.08.1965. Coll.: I.S. Darevsky [svanetica]
Holotype: NMW 33504.1, 6.08.1965. Coll.: I.S. Darevsky [chechenica] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (bolkardaghica). A dorsally very clear-toned D. rudis characterized by separated rostral and frontonasal scales. Supraciliar granula series are usually complete and uninterrupted. The massseteric plate is smaller or similar to the tympanic plate. The number of scales between masseteric and tympanic range from 2 to 4. Scales are tight and moderately keeled. Numerous dorsalia and relatively long heads (head index). Low values for femoralia, lamellae, hindlimb length, circumanalia and anal size. Relatively high maxillar and dentary teeth counts for its size. Sternal fontanelle with odd, irregular shapes (such as sand-clock or nearly cordiform). Postfrontal and postorbitary subequal. Postorbitary overlaps with squamosal along near one half of its length. Holotype. ZDEU 144/2009, paratypes in ZDEU.

Diagnosis (mirabilis). A Darevskia rudis is characterized by having rostral and frontonasal plates either in contact or separated (in contact in 50% specimens). Supraciliar granula almost always in an interrupted row. Masseteric plate longer than the tympanic one, separated only by a single row (rarely more) of scales. Tibial scales moderately keeled. Relatively high (for D. rudis) values for dorsalia, circumanalia, and relative anal-plate size. Relatively low values for femoralia and hindlimb length as well as short head. Postfrontal and postorbitary subequal (or postfrontal only slightly longer than postocular). Interclavicle cruciform, with tips not incurved. Holotype: ZDEU 145/2002, paratypes in ZDEU. 
CommentSynonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.). RYABININA et al. (2002) question the separation of bischoffi and obscura. ARRIBAS et a. 2013 suggest that macromaculata is a synonym of boscura.

Subspecies: Darevskia rudis bithynica (MÉHELY, 1909) has been elevated to species status, with D. r. tristis as subspecies. Gabelaia et al. 2018 elevated D. r. obscura to full species status, based on scalation characters. We do not follow this for the time being, given that these authors did not provide an updated diagnosis of the (sub-) species. Lantz & Cyren 1936 did provide a diagnosis (in french) but did not illustrate the diagnostic characters. 
EtymologyEtymology (mirabilis): The subspecies name is feminine and means wonderful, amazing, unique and miraculous in Latin. The name refers to its vivid and beautiful coloration in respect to other D. rudis subspecies.

Etymology (bolkardaghica): From the name of the mountains where the lizards were collected: Bolkar Da ı (also spelled Bulghar Dagh) in the Taurus Mountains. 
References
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