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Dasypeltis abyssina (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: Ethiopian egg eater
G: Äthiopische Eierschlange 
SynonymRachiodon abyssinus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 496
Rachiodon scaber var. abissinicus — JAN 1863: 106 (lapsus)
Dasypeltis abyssinicus — BLANFORD, 1870: 457 (lapsus)
Dasypeltis abyssinus BLANFORD 1870
Dasypeltis abyssina — FISCHER 1884: 48
Dasypeltis scabra var. D — BOULENGER 1893: 354 (not Linnaeus)
Dasypeltis scabra — CALABRESI 1925: 107
Dasypeltis abyssinicus — ZAVATTARI 1930: 193
Dasypeltis scabra — ZAVATTARI 1930: 193
Dasypeltis scabra — GANS 1959: 141 (part)
Dasypeltis abyssina — TRAPE & MANÉ 2006: 53
Dasypeltis abyssina — LARGEN & SPAWLS, 2010: 490
Dasypeltis abyssinica — WALLACH et al. 2014: 209
Dasypeltis abyssina — GÖTHEL 2015: 19
Dasypeltis abyssina — GÖTHEL 2015: 92
Dasypeltis abyssina — BATES & BROADLEY 2018: 38 

Type locality: “Abyssinie” [= Ethiopia] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: MNHN 6567; lectotype MNHN 6567 
CommentSynonymy: This species has been long synonymized with D. scabra but revalidated by TRAPE & MANÉ 2006.

Distribution: see map in GÖTHEL 2015: 19.

Sympatry. Sympatric with D. atra at Keriyo (Ethiopia).

Habitat. Open savannah in the Ethiopian Highlands at elevations of 1800–2450 m (Figs 21 & 22). A subadult male, BM, although having an ‘Arabia’ (e.g. Gans 1959, Appendix 1) label in its museum jar, was in fact collected at Senafe, Eritrea at 2450 m (Blan- ford 1870), probably in Juniperus coniferous forest. Keriyo, north of Addis Ababa, is the southern-most locality for this species, situated at an altitude of 2320 m (Spawls 2004). 
  • Bates, M.F. & D.G. Broadley 2018. A revision of the egg-eating snakes of the genus Dasypeltis Wagler (Squamata: Colubridae: Colubrinae) in north-eastern Africa and south-western Arabia, with descriptions of three new species. Indago 34 (1): 1-95 - get paper here
  • Blanford, W.T. 1870. Observations of the geology and zoology of Abyssinia, made 1867-68. McMillan (London), xii + 487 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Calabresi,E. 1925. Anfibi e rettili raccolti dal Signor Ugo Ignesti nell'Abissinia settentrionale. Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali, e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 64: 100-109
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Fischer, J. G. 1884. Über einige afrikanische Reptilien, Amphibien und Fische des Naturhistorischen Museums I. Über die von Herrn Dr. G.A. Fischer in Massai Gebiete (Ost Afrika) auf seiner in Veranlassung der geographischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg unternommenen Expeditio Jahrb. Hamburg Wiss. Anst. 1: 1-32 - get paper here
  • Gans, Carl 1959. A taxonomic revision of the African snake genus Dasypeltis (Reptilia: Serpentes). Annales du Musée Royal du Congo Belge Tervuren 74: ix + 237 pp.
  • Göthel, Helmut 2015. Die Eierschlangenarten Afrikas. Draco 16 (61): 78-92 - get paper here
  • Göthel, Helmut 2015. Nachzucht von Afrikanischen Eierschlangen. Draco 16 (61): 62-69 - get paper here
  • Göthel, Helmut 2015. Die Pazifisten unter den Schlangen – Afrikanische Eierschlangen der Gattung Dasypeltis. Draco 16 (61): 6-21 - get paper here
  • Jan,G. 1863. Elenco Sistematico degli Ofidi descriti e disegnati per l'Iconografia Generale. Milano, A. Lombardi. vii + 143 pp.
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • TRAPE Jean-François and Youssouph MANÉ 2006. Le genre Dasypeltis Wagler (Serpentes : Colubridae) en Afrique de l’Ouest : description de trois espèces et d’une sous-espèce nouvelles. Bull. Soc. Herp. France 119: 27-56 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • ZAVATTARI, E. 1930. Gli animali velenosi della Colonia Eritrea In: Bono, S.E.E. – Ministro delle Colonie – della Missione Scientifica per l’Eritrea (Parma) 8: 171–205
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