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Dasypeltis atra STERNFELD, 1912

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: African Egg-eating Snake, Montane Egg-eater
G: Schwarze Eierschlange, (Rote) Hochland-Eierschlange 
SynonymDasypeltis scabra var. atra STERNFELD 1912
Dasypeltis atra — BROADLEY 1998
Dasypeltis atra — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 494
Dasypeltis atra — WALLACH et al. 2014: 209 
DistributionN/E/S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Uganda, Kenya, S Sudan, Ethiopia, N Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi.

Type locality: Virgin forest behind boundary mountains on northwest shore of Lake Tanganyika, Zaire. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: ZMB 
CommentDistribution: see map in GÖTHEL 2015: 19.

Variation: there are black and reddish varieties of this species. 
EtymologyNamed after its color, Latin “ater, atra, atrum” = dark or black. 
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. The reptilian fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). In: Schmidt, K.P. and Noble, G.K., Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo... [reprint of the 1919 and 1923 papers]. SSAR Facsimile reprints in Herpetology, 780 pp.
  • Broadley, Donald G. and Michael F. Bates 2009. New range extensions for Dasypeltis atra Sternfeld in Tanzania (Serpentes: Colubridae), with a review of the distribution of colour phases. African Journal of Herpetology 58 (1): 50-55. - get paper here
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • Göthel, Helmut 2015. Erkrankungen und Parasiten bei Eierschlangen. Draco 16 (61): 70-76 - get paper here
  • Göthel, Helmut 2015. Nachzucht von Afrikanischen Eierschlangen. Draco 16 (61): 62-69 - get paper here
  • Göthel, Helmut 2015. Afrikanische Eierschlangen im Terrarium. Draco 16 (61): 54-61 - get paper here
  • Göthel, Helmut 2015. Das Fressverhalten Afrikanischer Eierschlangen. Draco 16 (61): 28-37 - get paper here
  • Göthel, Helmut 2015. Die Pazifisten unter den Schlangen – Afrikanische Eierschlangen der Gattung Dasypeltis. Draco 16 (61): 6-21 - get paper here
  • Göthel, Helmut 2015. Die Eierschlangenarten Afrikas. Draco 16 (61): 78-92 - get paper here
  • Gravlund,P. et al. 1998. Geographic distribution: Dasypeltis atra. Herpetological Review 29 (1): 53 - get paper here
  • Kulmus, H. 1985. Einige Anmerkungen zur Zucht und Haltung von Eierschlangen. Herpetofauna 7 (36): 23-34 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Largen,M.J. & Rasmussen,J.B. 1993. Catalogue of the snakes of Ethiopia (Reptilia Serpentes), including identification keys. Tropical Zoology 6: 313-434 - get paper here
  • Pitman,C.R.S. 1974. A guide to the snakes of Uganda. Codicote, Wheldon & Wesley, L., 290 pp.
  • Sternfeld, R. 1912. IV. Zoologie II. Lfg. Reptilia. In: Schubotz., R. (ed.): Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition 1907- 1908, unter Führung A. Friedrichs, Herzogs zu Mecklenburg. Klinkhard und Biermann, Leipzig: 197-279 [published 1912, not 1913, as often cited, see Männel & Kucharzewski 2017] - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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