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Dasypeltis scabra (LINNAEUS, 1758)

IUCN Red List - Dasypeltis scabra - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesDasypeltis scabra loveridgei MERTENS 1954
Dasypeltis scabra scabra (LINNAEUS 1758) 
Common NamesE: Common or Rhombic Egg Eater
G: Gewöhnliche afrikanische Eierschlange
loveridgei: Zwerg-Eierschlange 
SynonymColuber scaber LINNAEUS 1758: 223
Dasypeltis scabra — WAGLER 1830: 178
Anodon typus SMITH 1828: 2
Tropidonotus scaber — SCHLEGEL 1837: 328
Rachiodon scaber — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 491
Dasypeltis scabra — GÜNTHER 1858
Dasypeltis scaber var. breviceps PETERS 1864: 645
Dasypeltis scaber var. capensis PETERS 1864: 644
Dasypeltis scaber var. mossambicus PETERS 1864: 644
Rachiodon scaber — BOCAGE 1866: 49
Dasypeltis lineolata PETERS 1878: 206
Dasypeltis lineolata — FISCHER 1884: 48
Dasypeltis scabra — AUERBACH 1987: 191
Dasypeltis scabra — BOYCOTT 1992
Dasypeltis scabra — TRAPE & ROUX-ESTÈVE 1995: 42
Dasypeltis scabra — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 490
Dasypeltis scabra — TRAPE & MANÉ 2004: 23
Dasypeltis scabra — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 490
Dasypeltis cf. scabra — BÖHME et al. 2011: 58
Dasypeltis scabra saeizadi — HOSER 2013
Dasypeltis scabra — WALLACH et al. 2014: 211

Dasypeltis scabra loveridgei MERTENS 1954
Dasypeltis loveridgei — GÖTHEL 2015 
DistributionSW Morocco (relictary), Mauritania, Western Sahara, Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Gambia, Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, N Ivory Coast, Benin, S Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Congo (Brazzaville), Angola, Zambia, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Republic of South Africa,
Lesotho, Swaziland, Saudi Arabia, Yemen

loveridgei: SW Africa

Type locality: “Indiis” (fide LINNAEUS 1758; in error) = Cape Colony, South Africa. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: NHR (formerly MAFR), female (Mus. Drottn), lost fide Andersson (1899: 5) and Gans (1959: 87).
Holotype: ZMB 9224 [Dasypeltis lineolata PETERS 1878]
Holotype: ZMB 3886 [Dasypeltis scaber var. breviceps PETERS 1864]
Syntypes: ZMB, unlocated [Dasypeltis scaber var. capensis PETERS 1864]
Syntypes: ZMB 1856-8 [Dasypeltis scaber var. mossambicus PETERS 1864]
Holotype: SMF 46642 [loveridgei] 
CommentHabitat: Not present in deserts and dense rain forests.

Synonymy: BROADLEY & POYNTON 1998 first note the synonymization of D. palmarum with D. scabra (p. xiii) and then they list the species as valid (p. xxxii). Dasypeltis abyssina (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854) has been removed from the synonymy of D. scabra. Wallach et al. 2015 list Dasypeltis scabra loveridgei as a synonym of D. scabra.

Distribution: not listed for Togo by Segniagbeto et al. 2012. Not in Gabon according to PAUWELS & VANDE WEGHE 2008 (”Gabonese” specimens usually represent D. confusa). Not reported from Benin according to ULLENBRUCH et al. 2010. Reports from Benin seem to be D. confusa (L. Chirio, pers. comm. 23 Aug 2013 and Hughes 2013). Not in Sierra Leone fide TRAPE & BALDÉ 2014: 320. See map in GÖTHEL 2015: 19. The Egyptian populations have been described as D. bazi Saleh & Sarhan 2016, hence D. scabra has been eliminated from Egypt.

STERNFELD (1910) reports mimicry of Echis carinatus by Dasypeltis scabra.

Type species: Coluber scaber LINNAEUS 1758 is the type species of the genus Dasypeltis WAGLER 1830. 
References
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