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Demansia rimicola SCANLON, 2007

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymDemansia rimicola SCANLON 2007
Demansia rimicola — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Demansia rimicola — WALLACH et al. 2014: 214 
DistributionAustralia (Queensland)

Type locality: 61.4 km N Muttaburra via Hughenden Hwy, Qld (22°10'S 144°15'E). Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: AMS (AM) R62257, collected by A. Greer, E. Cameron, H. Cogger, R. Sadlier & P. Webber on 17.vii.1977. 
CommentDiagnosis. A moderately large, stout Demansia (SVL up to 740 mm) with a dark, pale-edged collar on nape (often indistinct in adults, with the pale edges persisting the longest), dark spots on head dorsum, pale postocular bar separated from ventral coloration by an isthmus between dark head and dark teardrop marking, and constricted to give the appearance of two pale confluent blobs, and two posteriorly diverging rows of dark spots on anterior ventrals.

Demansia rimicola has previously been illustrated in Shine (1980), Swan (1990, 1995), Healey (1997), Swan et al. (2004) and Wilson & Knowles (1988), identified as D. torquata in the former five cases and as an unidentified Demansia in the latter.



Habitat: terrestrial

Venomous! 
EtymologyFrom Latin noun rima (a crack) and verb colo (to inhabit), meaning “crack-dweller”, alluding to the association of this species with cracking clay soils. 
References
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Healey, J. (ed.) 1997. Encyclopedia of Australian Wildlife. Sydney: Reader’s Digest.
  • Shea, G.M. & Scanlon 2007. Revision of the small tropical whipsnakes previously referred to Demansia olivacea (Gray, 1842) and Demansia torquata (Guenther, 1862) (Squamata: Elapidae). Rec. Austral. Mus. 59 (2-3): 117-142 - get paper here
  • Shine, R. 1980. Ecology of eastern Australian whipsnakes of the genus Demansia. Journal of Herpetology 14 (4): 381-389 - get paper here
  • Swan, G. 1990. A field guide to the snakes and lizards of New South Wales. Three Sisters Publ., Winmalee, NSW 224 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Wilson, Stephen K. & Knowles, David G. 1988. Australia's Reptiles: A Photographic Reference to the Terrestrial Reptiles of Australia. Cornstalk Publishing, Pymble, NSW, 447 pp.
 
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