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Dendrelaphis calligaster (GÜNTHER, 1867)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Ahaetuliinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Green treesnake, Nothern Tree Snake
G: Nördliche Bronzenatter 
SynonymDendrophis calligastra GÜNTHER 1867: 53
Dendrophis salomonis GÜNTHER 1872: 25 (fide ROOIJEN et al. 2015)
Dendrophis aruensis DORIA 1874: 349
Dendrophis katowensis MACLEAY 1877: 37
Dendrophis darnleyensis MACLEAY 1877: 38
Lycodon aruensis — SAUVAGE 1879: 61
Dendrophis solomonis — BOULENGER 1886: 45
Dendrophis calligaster BOULENGER 1894: 80 (emend. pro D. calligastra)
Dendrelaphis papuensis BOULENGER 1895: 409
Dendrelaphis schlenckeri OGILBY 1898: 361
Dendrophis lineolatus — WERNER 1899 ?
Dendrophis calligaster — DE ROOIJ 1917: 60
Dendrophis calligastra keiensis MERTENS 1926: 277
Ahaetulla calligastra salomonis — SCHMIDT 1932
Dendrophis calligastra distinguendus MEISE & HENNIG 1932: 279
Dendrelaphis calligastra - COGGER 1983: 210
Ahaetulla calligastra
Dendrelaphis salomonis — MCCOY 2000
Dendrelaphis calligastra — COGGER 2000: 620
Dendrelaphis calligastra — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Dendrelaphis calligastra — WALLACH et al. 2014: 215
Dendrelaphis salomonis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 215
Dendrelaphis calligastra — COGGER 2014: 837
Dendrelaphis calligaster — ROOIJEN et al. 2015 
DistributionIndonesia (Waigeu, Batanta, Babar,Salawati, Tanimbar, Kai and Aru Islands, Mefoor, Jobi, Irian Jaya, Biak, Numfoor and Yapen; Ambon?), Solomon Islands,
Papua New Guinea,
Australia (E Cape York Peninsula, islands of Torres Strait)

Type locality: Cape York, Queensland, Australia.

salomonis: Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago), Solomon Islands [McCoy 2000]; Type locality: Solomon Islands  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 67.5.6.71, from Cape York, Qld.
Syntypes: BMNH, from Solomon Ils. [Dendrophis salomonis]
Syntypes: MCG C. E. 30594, from Wokan, Aru Ils., Indonesia [Dendrophis aruensis].
Syntypes: AM R31916-17, from Mawatta, Binaturi River (as Katow), Papua New Guinea [Dendrophis katowensis]
Syntypes: AM R31914-15, from Darnley Is., Torres Strait, Qld. [Dendrophis darnleyensis].
Syntypes: BMNH, from Trobriand Ils., Papua New Guinea [Dendrelaphis papuensis]
Holotype: AM R2380, from Fife Bay, in 10° 35'S, 150° 00'E, Papua New Guinea [Dendrelaphis schlenckeri].
Holotype: SMF 18662 F, from Dulah, Kei Ils., Indonesia [Dendrophis calligastra keiensis].
Holotype: MTKD D2107, from Muliama, Süd-Mecklenburg, Papua New Guinea; destroyed, see Obst (1977); neotype: ZMB 24024, designated by Rooijen & Vogel 2016 [Dendrophis calligastra distinguendus].
Syntypes: BMNH 1946.1.5.97, 1946.1.6.11 [salomonis] 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983 (who stressed that many of the synonyms are still uncertain and may refer to distinct species) and ROOIJEN et al. 2015 who synonymized salomonis with calligaster.

Behavior: diurnal

Habitat: arboreal 
References
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1895. On a collection of reptiles and batrachians from Ferguson Island, D'Entrecasteaux group British New Guinea. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 16: 28-32 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. On the reptiles and batrachians of the Solomon Islands. Trans. Zool. Soc. London 12: 35-62
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger H.G., Cameron EE & Cogger HM 1983. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Volume 1: AMPHIBIA AND REPTILIA. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • de Rooij, N. DE 1917. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Il. Ophidia. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 334 S.
  • Doria, G. 1875. Enumerazione dei rettili raccolti dal Dott. O. Beccari in Amboina alle Isole Aru ed alle Isole Kei durante gli anni 1872-73. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova 6: 325-357 [1874] - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
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  • Günther, A. 1867. Additions to the knowledge of Australian reptiles and fishes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 20: 45-57 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1872. Seventh account of new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 9: 13-37 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J.R. 1928. Herpetology of the Solomon Islands. Rec. Austral. Mus. 16: 123-178 - get paper here
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  • Macleay, W. 1877. The ophidians of the Chevert Expedition. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 2: 33-41. - get paper here
  • McCoy, M. 2000. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. ZooGraphics, Kuranda (Australia), CD-ROM.
  • McCoy, M. 2006. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Pensoft Series Faunistica 57, 212 pp.
  • McCoy, M. 2015. A Field Guide to the Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Michael McCoy, Kuranda - get paper here
  • Meise,Wilhelm & HENNIG,Willi 1932. Die Schlangengattung Dendrophis. Zool. Anz. 99 (11/12): 273-297
  • Mertens, R. 1926. Über die Rassen einiger indo-australischer Reptilien. Senckenbergiana biologica 8: 272-279
  • O'Shea,M. 1996. A Guide to the Snakes of Papua New Guinea. Independent Publishing, Port Moresby, xii + 239 pp. - get paper here
  • Obst, F. J. 1977. Die herpetologische Sammlung des Staatlichen Museums für Tierkunde Dresden und ihre Typusexemplare. Zool. Abh. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 34: 171-186.
  • Ogilby, J. D. 1898. Ophidia and Pisces. In: T. Steel (ed.) Contributions to a knowledge of the fauna of British New Guinea. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 23: 361-363 - get paper here
  • Rooijen, J. van, G. Vogel & R. Somaweera 2015. A revised taxonomy of the Australo-Papuan species of the colubrid genus Dendrelaphis (Serpentes: Colubridae). Salamandra 51 (1): 33-56 - get paper here
  • Rooijen, Johan van; Gernot Vogel 2016. On the status of three nominal species in the synonymy of Dendrelaphis calligaster (Günther, 1867) (Serpentes: Colubridae) Zootaxa 4093 (2): 293–300
  • Roux, J. 1919. Note sur quelques reptiles provenant de la Nouvelle-Guinée. Rev. Suisse Zool. 27: 347-351 - get paper here
  • Sauvage, H. E. 1879. Notice sur quelques reptiles nouveaux ou peu connus de la Nouvelle-Guinee. [Elania annulata]. Bull. Soc. philom. Paris (7) 3: 47-61 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, KP 1932. Reptiles and Amphibians from the Solomon Islands. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. Ser. - 18 (9): 175-190 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1899. Ueber Reptilien und Batrachier aus Togoland, Kamerun und Deutsch-Neu-Guinea grösstentheils aus dem k. Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 49: 132-157 - get paper here
  • Whitaker,R.; Whitaker,Z. & Mills,D. 1982. Reptiles of Papua New Guinea. Wildlife in New Guinea (82/2): 1-53
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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