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Dendroaspis angusticeps (SMITH, 1849)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: Green Mamba
G: Blattgrüne Mamba, Gewöhnliche Mamba 
SynonymNaja angusticeps SMITH 1849: 70
Naja angusticeps — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1301
Dendraphis angusticeps GÜNTHER 1858
Dendroaspis intermedius GÜNTHER 1865
Dendrospis [sic] angusticeps — BOULENGER 1897: 376 (in error)
Dendroaspis sjöstedti LÖNNBERG 1910
Dendraspis [sic] angusticeps — STERNFELD 1910: 57
Dendroaspis angusticeps — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Dendroaspis angusticeps — WELCH 1994: 55
Dendroaspis angusticeps — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 24
Dendroaspis angusticeps — RAZETTI & MSUYA 2002
Dendroaspis intermedius — BROADLEY & BLAYLOCK 2013
Dendroaspis intermedius — WALLACH et al. 2014: 222
Dendroaspis angusticeps — WALLACH et al. 2014: 222 
DistributionKenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Malawi, E Zimbabwe,
Republic of South Africa (Natal), Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire) [CHIFUNDERA 1990]

Type locality: Natal Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.20.48; lost fide Broadley in Golay et al. (1993: 128).
Holotype: BMNH 1946.1.20.48 [intermedius] 

Synonymy: The status of Dendroaspis intermedius remains unclear. WALLACH et al. 2014: 293 list it as valid citing a pers. comm. by Wüster. However, W. Wüster recommended to leave it as a synonym of D. angusticeps for the time being (pers. comm. 25 Aug 2015). 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “angustus, -a, -um” = narrow and the abbreviated term “-ceps” for “caput” = head. 
  • Aeberhard, R. 2008. Beobachtungen zum Verhalten der grün gefärbten Mambas (Dendroaspis viridis, D. angusticeps und D. jamesoni kaimosae) im Terrarium. Reptilia (Münster) 13 (70): 26-30 - get paper here
  • Aeberhard, R. 2010. Kunstpflanzen im Terrarium. Draco 11 (41): 64-68 - get paper here
  • Angel, Fernand 1925. Résultats Scientifiques. Vertebrata. Reptiles et Batraciens. [Mabuia (Mabuiopsis) jeanneli, Lygosoma graueri quinquedigitata, Ablepharus massaiensis]. In: Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911-1912). - Paris, 2: 1-63.
  • Angilletta, Michael J., Jr 1994. Sedentary behavior by green mambas Dendroaspis angusticeps. Herpetological Natural History 2 (2): 105-111
  • Armitage, W. W. 1965. Observations on Differences in Morphology and Behavior of Dendroaspis angusticeps and Dendroaspis polylepis. Jour. Herp. Ass. Afr. (1): 12-16 - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1897. On little-known snakes from Natal. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 20: 374-376 - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1959. The herpetology of Southern Rhodesia. Part I--the snakes. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 120 (1): 1-100 [reprint 1972] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1962. On some reptile collections from the North-Western and North-Eastern Districts of Southern Rhodesia 1958-1961, with descriptions of four new lizards. Occ. Pap. Nat. Mus. South. Rhodesia 26 (B): 787-843
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa/Giftschlangen Afrikas. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 15, 150 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C., BIBRON, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Gower, D.; Garrett, K. & Stafford, P. 2012. Snakes. Firefly Books, Buffalo, NY,<br />144 p..
  • Laita, Mark 2013. Serpentine. Abrams and PQ Blackwell, Auckland, New Zealand, 200 unnumbered pages
  • Lönnberg, E. 1907. Reptilia and Batrachia. In: Sjöstedt, Y. (Hrsg.): Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Schwedischen Zoologischen Expedition nach dem Kilimandjaro, dem Meru und den umgebenden Massaisteppen 1905-1906. - Upsala, No. 4, 1-28
  • Loveridge, Arthur 1929. East African reptiles and amphibians in the United States National Museum. Bull. US Natl. Mus. (151): 1-135 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1957. On a third collection of reptiles taken in Tanganyika by C.J.P. Ionides, Esq. Tanganyika Notes and Records 43: 1-19
  • Malonza, Vincent; Beryl A. Bwong, Vincent Muchai 2011. Kitobo Forest of Kenya, a unique hotspot of herpetofaunal divers. Acta Herpetologica 6 (2): 149-160 - get paper here
  • MARAIS, J. & MCGAHEY, J. 2010. Dendroaspis angusticeps (Smith, 1849) Male combat. African Herp News (52): 15-16
  • Rasmussen,J.B. 1981. The snakes from the rainforest of the Usambara Mountains, Tanzania: a checklist and key. Salamandra 17 (3/4): 173-188
  • Razzetti, E. & Msuya, C.A. 2002. Field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of Arusha National Park (Tanzania). Publ. Ed. Negri Istituto, Oikos, Varese, 84 pp.
  • Schmidt, D. 2010. Naturterrarium oder Heimtierkäfig?. Reptilia (Münster) 15 (84): 24-33 - get paper here
  • Smith,A. 1848. Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa, Reptilia. Smith, Elder, and Co., London - get paper here
  • Spawls, S., Branch,B. 1995. The Dangerous Snakes of Africa. Blandford, London, 192 pp.
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1910. Zur Schlangenfauna Deutsch-Südwestafrikas. Mehrere Fälle von Mimikry bei afrikanischen Schlangen. Mitt. zool. Mus. Berlin, 5: 51-60 - get paper here
  • Valverde, J. 2008. Mambas. Reptilia (Münster) 13 (70): 18-25 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werning, H. 2009. Das Serpentarium des Snakeparadise in Eschlikon in der Schweiz. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (79): 76-82 - get paper here
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