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Dendrophidion percarinatum (COPE, 1893)

IUCN Red List - Dendrophidion percarinatum - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: South American Forest Racer
G: Gekielte Waldnatter 
SynonymDrymobius percarinatus COPE 1893: 344
Drymobius dendrophis — BOULENGER 1894: 16 (part)
Cacocalyx percarinatus — COPE ‘‘1894’’ (1895): 427
Drymobius dendrophis — GÜNTHER 1885–1902: 127 (? part)
Drymobius dendrophis — AMARAL ‘‘1929’’ [1930]: 154 (part)
Dendrophidion percarinatus — SMITH 1941: 73
Dendrophidion percarinatus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 80
Dendrophidion percarinatum — VILLA et al. 1988
Dendrophidion percarinatum — SAVAGE 2002
Dendrophidion percarinatus — RIVAS et al. 2012
Dendrophidion percarinatum — WALLACH et al. 2014: 225 
DistributionN Honduras (Atlántida Province; McCranie, 2011), Nicaragua, N Colombia, NW Venezuela (Rojas-Runjaic and Rivero, 2008), W Colombia (Chocoan region), pacific versant in Costa Rica, Panama, and Colombia; Honduras (McCranie 2011: 109), Costa Rica (Savage (2002: 657). (Lieb 1996, revised map in Figure 9 in Cadle 2012).

Elevation usually <1,000 m elevation but up to 1,200 m in SW Costa Rica. In Honduras <685 m (McCranie, 2011: 110). other records: 930 m (Panama), 520 m (Nicaragua), and 200 m (Colombia) [Cadle 2012].

Type locality: Boruca and Buenos Aires, Costa Rica.  
TypesLectotype: AMNH R-17366 (designated by Taylor 1954: 727) 
CommentRelative abundance in Honduras: infrequent

Habitat: terrestrial

Sympatry: Dendrophidion percarinatum is sympatric with several other species of Dendro- phidion within its range. The range of D. percarinatum overlaps with D. apharocybe and/or D. nuchale auctorum from Hon- duras to Panama, and all three occur together at some localities (e.g., La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica). At the Las Cruces Biological Station in southwestern Costa Rica D. percarinatum is sympatric with three other species—D. crybelum, D. nuchale auctorum, and D. paucicarinatum—yielding perhaps the highest species density of Dendrophidion anywhere. In western Colombia the distributions of D. percarinatum, D. prolixum, and D. nuchale auctorum overlap broadly, with two of the three documented sympatrically at several localities; it would be unsurprising to find the three species occurring together. 
  • Almendariz, A. 1991. Anfibios y Reptiles [del Ecuador]. Rev. Politecnica. XVI (3): 89-162.
  • Cadle, J.E. 2010. Systematics, natural history, and hemipenial morphology of Dendrophidion brunneum (Günther) (Serpentes: Colubridae), a poorly known snake from the Andes of Ecuador and Peru. Zootaxa 2433: 1–24 - get paper here
  • Cadle, John E. 2012. Systematics of the Neotropical Snake Dendrophidion percarinatum (Serpentes: Colubridae), With Descriptions of Two New Species from Western Colombia and Ecuador and Supplementary Data on D. brunneum. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 160 (6): 259-344. - get paper here
  • Castro-Herrera, F. & Vargas-Salinas, F. 2008. Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 9 (2): 251 - 277 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1893. Second addition to the knowledge of the Batrachia and Reptilia of Costa Rica. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 31: 333-347 - get paper here
  • Dunn, E.R. 1944. The snake genus Dendrophidion in Colombia. Caldasia 2: 474-477
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Lancini,A.R. & Kornacker,P.M. 1989. Die Schlangen von Venezuela. Armitano Editores C.A., Caracas, 1-381
  • Lieb C S. 1996. Dendrophidion percarinatum. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 636: 1-2. - get paper here
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McCranie, J. & Castañeda, F.E. 2005. The herpetofauna of Parque Nacional Pico Bonito, Honduras. Phyllomedusa 4 (1): 3-16 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • Nicholson, Kirsten E., James R. McCranie and Gunther Köhler 2000. Herpetofaunal expedition to Parque Nacional Patuca: a newly established park in Honduras. Herpetological Bulletin (72): 26-31. - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Rojas-Runjaic, Fernando J.M.; Rivero, Edwin E. Infante 2008. First record of the forest racer snake Dendrophidion percarinatum (Cope, 1893) (Serpentes: Colubridae) from Venezuela. Carib. J. Sci. 44 (1):128-130 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Smith,H.M. 1941. A new name for the Mexican snakes of the genus Dendrophidion. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 54: 73-76. - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Solorzano, A. 2004. Serpientes de Costa Rica - Snakes of Costa Rica. Editorial INBio, Costa Rica, 792 pp.
  • Solórzano, A. 2006. Snakes of the Osa Peninsula [Costa Rica]. Reptilia (GB) (48): 30-34 - get paper here
  • Solórzano, A. 2006. Die Schlangen der Osa-Halbinsel [Costa Rica]. Reptilia (Münster) 11 (61): 28-31 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Townsend, J. H., L. D. Wilson, M. Medina-Flores, E. Aguilar-Urbina, B. K. Atkinson et al. 2012. A premontane hotspot for herpetological endemism on the windward side of Refugio de Vida Silvestre Texíguat, Honduras. Salamandra 48 (2): 92-114 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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