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Diplodactylus conspicillatus LUCAS & FROST, 1897

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Higher TaxaDiplodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesVariable Fat-tailed Gecko, Burrow-plug Gecko 
SynonymDiplodactylus conspicillatus LUCAS & FROST 1897
Gymnodactylus laevis STERNFELD 1925 (fide LOVERIDGE 1934)
Diplodactylus conspicillatus — LOVERIDGE 1934
Diplodactylus conspicillatus — WERMUTH 1965: 23
Diplodactylus conspicillatus — RÖSLER 1995: 80
Diplodactylus conspicillatus — COGGER 2000: 217
Diplodactylus conspicillatus — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia)

Type locality: Charlotte Waters, Northern Territory.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: NMV D7535 (1897 D. c. Lucas & Frost), designated by Kluge 1967 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A large member of the D. conspicillatus group (max SVL 62 mm) with a bold canthal stripe and a greatly enlarged first supralabial (contacting ventral edge of nasal scale. Mid-dorsal scales on trunk plate-like and markedly larger than smaller dorsolateral scales. Scales on nape granular and only slightly larger than granules on side of neck. Original tail spade-like and lacking an acute attenuated extension at tip. Scales on dorsal surface of tail ar- ranged in transverse rows (which usually include rows of both large and small scales). Pattern generally spotted and often with numerous dark blotches that contrast strongly with base col- our (Fig. 7A–B in OLIVER et al. 2014).
 
CommentSynonymy: Diplodactylus hillii LONGMAN 1915, D. platyurus PARKER 1926, and D. laevis STERNFELD 1925 have been removed from the synonymy of D. conspicillatus and revalidated by OLIVER et la. 2014.

Group: (founding) member of Diplodactylus conspicillatus group.

Diet: termites, ants

Abundance: common, with more than 500 specimens collected (Pianka 2011). However, the D. conspicillatus species complex was split up into multiple species and several synonyms revalidated by OLIVER et al. 2015. 
Etymology 
References
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • COUPER, PATRICK J.; PAUL M. OLIVER 2016. A new species of gecko from arid inland regions of eastern Australia (Diplodactylus; Diplodactylidae). Zootaxa 4093 (4): 525–538 - get paper here
  • Doughty, P.; Pepper, Mitzy; J. Scott Keogh 2010. Morphological and molecular assessment of the Diplodactylus savagei species complex in the Pilbara region, Western Australia, with a description of a new species. Zootaxa 2393: 33–45 - get paper here
  • Girard, Francis 2008. The Feeding in Captivity of Two Small Australian Terrestrial Termite-eating Geckos: Rhynchoedura ornata Gunther, 1867 and Diplodactylus conspicillatus Lucas and Frost, 1897. Gekko 5 (2): 25-27
  • Glauert, L. 1956. Geckonidae (Part II). Western Australian Naturalist 5 (3): 49-56
  • Jones, Peter 1991. A record of Diplodactylus conspicillatus in New South Wales. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 21 (2): 20-22
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1929. Herpetological notes No. I. Rec. Austral. Mus. 17 (2): 76-84 - get paper here
  • Laube, A. & Langner, C. 2007. Die “Geckos” Australiens. Draco 8 (29): 4-21 - get paper here
  • Longman, H. A. 1915. Reptiles from Queensland and the Northern Territory. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 3: 30-34.
  • Loveridge, A. 1934. Australian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 77: 243-383 - get paper here
  • Lucas, A. H. S., and C. Frost. 1897. Description of two new species of lizards from central Australia. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 9:54-56 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1967. Die herpetologische Sektion des Natur-Museums und Forschungs-Institutes Senckenberg in Frankfurt am Main nebst einem Verzeichnis ihrer Typen. Senckenbergiana Biologica 48: 1-106 - get paper here
  • Oliver PM, Couper PJ, Pepper M 2014. Independent Transitions between Monsoonal and Arid Biomes Revealed by Systematic Revison of a Complex of Australian Geckos (Diplodactylus; Diplodactylidae). PLoS One 9 (12): e111895. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0111895 - get paper here
  • Parker, H. W. 1926. New reptiles and a new frog from Queensland. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (9) 17: 665-670.
  • Pianka, E. R. 1969. Habitat specificity, speciation, and species density in Australian desert lizards. Ecology 50 (3): 498-502 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R.; Pianka, H. D. 1976. Comparative ecology of twelve species of nocturnal lizards (Gekkonidae) in the western Australian desert. Copeia 1976 (1): 125-142 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Sternfeld, R. 1925. Beiträge zur Herpetologie Inner-Australiens. Abhandlungen Herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 38: 221—251
  • Wells R W; Wellington C R 1984. A synopsis of the class Reptilia in Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology 1 (3-4): 73-129 [1983]
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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