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Diploderma swinhonis (GÜNTHER, 1864)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesTaiwan Japalure 
SynonymJapalura swinhonis GÜNTHER 1864: 133
Japalura swinhonis — BOULENGER 1885: 309
Japalura swinhoei BOETTGER 1885: 140 (nom. subst.)
Japalura mitsukurii STEJNEGER 1898
Japalura swinhonis — STEJNEGER 1907: 184
Japalura mitsukurii — STEJNEGER 1907: 190
Japalura swinhonis mitsukurii VAN DENBURGH 1912
Japalura swinhonis GRESSITT 1936
Japalura yunnanensis popei WETTSTEIN 1938: 176 (fide OTA 2000)
Japalura polyhonata mitsukurii — NAKAMURA & UÉNO 1963
Japalura swinhonis mitshuhurii [sic] — LIU YU 1970
Japalura swinhonis formosensis LIANG & WANG 1976
Japalura mitsukurii mitsukurii — CHEN 1984
Japalura mitsukurii formosensis — CHEN 1984
Japalura swinhonis — BARTS & WILMS 2003
Japalura swinhonis — MANTHEY 2010
Diploderma swinhonis — WANG et al. 2018 
DistributionTaiwan (incl. Lanyu)

Type locality: Formosa. Restricted to Tamsui, Formosa by STEJNEGER 1907.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.14, (original number NHMUK 1859.12.20.7), male
Holotype: USNM 36505, male; Paratype: USMN 36506, female; CAS 27257 (formerly cotype e = presumably Science College Tokyo SCT 24e), male, Botel Tobago Island; SCT 24a, male; SCT 24b, female; SCT 24c, male; SCT 24d, male; all coll. T. Tada, 1896/97 [mitsukurii]
Holotype: NTUM R0045, male, Puli (540 m above sea level), Nan-tou Hsien, coll. C. H. Lee, April 1966; Paratypes: NTUM R0046–0143, same data as holotype; NTUM R0144–0145, Kuantzulin, Chia-i Hsien, coll. Mrs. Mo-chau Liu Yu, Oct. 1965 [formosensis] 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy mainly after Ota (1988).

Types: The types of Japalura yunnanensis popei were supposedly from Cambodia but OTA (2000) assumes that they were from Taiwan and labelled erroneously.

The original description is available online (see link).

Karyotype: The number of chromosomes in this species can differ between populations (here: 2n=46, 40 and 36 chromosomes) as shown by Ota (1988) 
Etymology 
References
  • ANANJEVA, Natalia B.; Xianguang GUO and Yuezhao WANG 2011. Taxonomic Diversity of Agamid Lizards (Reptilia, Sauria, Acrodonta, Agamidae) from China: A Comparative Analysis. Asian Herpetological Research 2 (3): 117-128 - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1909. Notes on Amphibia and Reptilia from Eastern Asia. Proc. New England zool. Club 4: 53-78, 2 plates - get paper here
  • Barts, M. & Wilms, T. 2003. Die Agamen der Welt. Draco 4 (14): 4-23 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. 1885. Materialien zur herpetologischen Fauna von China I. Berichte Offenb. Ver. Naturk., 24/25: 115-170 (author reprint pagination: 1-58). - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • DENZER, WOLFGANG; ULRICH MANTHEY, PATRICK D CAMPBELL 2019. Catalogue of type specimens of the agamid lizard genus Japalura s. l. (Squamata: Agamidae: Draconinae). Zootaxa 4612 (1): 109-125 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Hidetoshi Ota 1991. Taxonomic Status of Mabuya multicarinata (Gray, 1845) (Scincidae: Squamata: Reptilia) from Taiwan, with Comments on the Herpetofauna of Lanyu Island. Bull. Coll. Sci., Univ. Ryukyus, No. 51: 11-18
  • LAUE, E 2011. Zur Haltung und Vermehrung von Japalura swinhonis GÜNTHER, 1864 im Terrarium. Sauria, Berlin 33 (1): 13-20 - get paper here
  • Lee, C. , Yo, S. , Clark, R. W., Hsu, J. , Liao, C. , Tseng, H. and Huang, W. 2018. The role of different visual characters of weevils signalling aposematism to sympatric lizard predators. J Zool, 306: 36-47. doi:10.1111/jzo.12567 - get paper here
  • Lin, J.;Lu, K. 1982. Population ecology of the lizard Japalura swinhonis formosensis (Sauria: Agamidae) in Taiwan. Copeia 1982 (2): 425-434 - get paper here
  • Liu-Yu, M.C. 1970. Studies on Taiwan lizards. Biol. Bull. Taiwan Normal Univ. 5: 51-93
  • Manthey U 2010. Agamid Lizards of Southern Asia. Draconinae 2 -Leiolepidinae. Terralog 7b, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 168 pp.
  • Norval, G. & Mao, J.J. 2008. An instance of Japalura swinhonis as prey of Lycodon ruhstrati ruhstrati in Chiayi County, Taiwan. Sauria 30 (3): 43-45 - get paper here
  • Norval, Gerrut; Jean-Jay Mao and Kerry Slater. 2011. Notes on the reproduction of the Swinhoe’s tree lizard, Japalura swinhonis Günther, 1864, (Squamata: Agamidae) from southwestern Taiwan. Herpetology Notes 4: 319-324 - get paper here
  • Norval, Gerrut; Stephen R. Goldberg, Charles R. Bursey, Jean-Jay Mao, and Kerry Slater 2014. Internal Parasites of Lizards from Taiwan. Herp. Cons. Biol. 9 (3): 484−494 - get paper here
  • Ota,H. 1988. Re-evaluation of the status of Japalura mitsukurii STEJNEGER 1898 (Agamidae: Reptilia). Amphibia-Reptilia 9: 375-383 - get paper here
  • Ota,H. 1989. A new species of Japalura (Agamidae: Lacertilia:Reptilia) from Taiwan. Copeia 1989 (3): 569-576 - get paper here
  • Ota,H. 1991. Taxonomic redefiniton of Japalura swinhonis GÜNTHER (Agamidae:Squamata), with a description of a a new subspecies of J. polygonata from Taiwan. Herpetologica 47: 280-294 - get paper here
  • Ota. H. 2000. On the validity of Japalura yunnanensis popei WETTSTEIN 1938 (Squamata: Agamidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 21 (3): 397-403 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1910. The batrachians and reptiles of Formosa. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 38: 91-114 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Stejneger,L. 1898. On a collection of batrachians and reptiles from Formosa and Adjacent Islands. J. Coll. Sci. Univ. Tokyo 12: 215-225 - get paper here
  • Wang, Chiu-Mei, Jung-Ya Hsu and Wen-San Huang. 2014. Japalura swinhonis (Swinhole's japalura) and Takydromus sauteri (Sauter's grass lizard) predation. Herpetological Review 45 (3): 501-502 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jing Che, Simin Lin, V Deepak, Datta-Roy Aniruddha, Ke Jiang, Jieqiong Jin, Hongman Chen, Cameron D Siler; 2018. Multilocus phylogeny and revised classification for mountain dragons of the genus Japalura s.l. (Reptilia: Agamidae: Draconinae) from Asia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, , zly034, - get paper here
  • Wettstein, O. 1938. Eine neue Japalura aus Cambodja. Zool. Anz. 122: 175-177
 
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