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Draco formosus BOULENGER, 1900

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Dusky Gliding Lizard
G: Rotlappen-Flugdrache 
SynonymDraco formosus BOULENGER 1900
Draco formosus — DE ROOIJ 1915: 83
Draco formosus — HENNIG 1936
Draco formosus — TAYLOR 1963
Draco formosus — WERMUTH 1967: 47
Draco formosus formosus — HENNIG 1936
Draco formosus formosus — GRANDISON 1972: 76
Draco obscurus formosus — MUSTERS 1983
Draco obscurus formosus — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 96
Draco formosus — MCGUIRE & KIEW 2001
Draco formosus — ONN et al. 2009
Draco formosus — GRISMER et al. 2010
Draco formosus — GRISMER 2011 
DistributionS Thailand, West Malaysia (incl. Pulau Pangkor), Natuna Island

Type locality: Larut Hills, Perak (elevation 1500 and 3000 feet).  
Reproduction 
TypesType: BMNH 1946.8.13.43 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentSynonymy: Has been considered as a synonym of D. obscurus (e.g. Srichairat et al. 2017) but accepted as valid by others (e.g. Grismer et al. 2011). Not listed by Chan-ard et al. 2015 for Thailand (apparently considering as a synonym of obscurus).

Distribution: see map in Musters 1983: 67 (who showns formosus in Thailand and obscurus in Sumatra and Borneo).

Draco formosus and D. obscurus differ in the degree of distal expansion of the dewlap in males (greatly expanded in D. formosus, unexpanded or only slightly expanded in D. obscurus), in maximum body size (D. formosus reaches 114mm SVL [n=62], whereas D. obscurus reaches only 100 mm SVL [n= 25]), and in several colour pattern features (D. obscurus males lack the dark radial bands on the dorsal patagium that are present in D. formosus males, and have a peach-coloured eye ring that is lacking in D. formosus). 
References
  • Auliya, M. 2006. Taxonomy, Life History, and conservation of giant reptiles in west Kalimantan. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 432 pp. - get paper here
  • Baker, Nick 2016. Five species of gliding lizard Draco spp. at Gunung Pulai, Johor, Peninsular Malaysia SEAVR 2016: 110-112
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. On new reptiles and batrachians from North Borneo. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 95-97 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1900. Description of new batrachians and reptiles from Larut Hills, Perak. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 7: 186-193. - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das , I. 2004. Lizards of Borneo. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Borneo
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp.
  • Denzer, W. & MANTHEY, U. 1991. A nominal checklist of the lizards inhabiting Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Raffles Bull. Zool., 39(2): 309-322 - get paper here
  • Diong, C.H. & Soon, S.Y.T. 1999. Size and Shape Description of Oviductal Eggs of Draco obscurus formosus (Squamata: Agamidae). Asiatic Herpetological Research 8: 25-28 - get paper here
  • Dring J C M 1979. Amphibians and reptiles from northern Trengganu, Malaysia, with descriptions of two new geckos: Cnemaspis and Cyrtodactylus. Bulletin of the British Museum (NATURAL HISTORY) ZOOLOGY 34 (5): 181-241 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, Stephen R. and L. Lee Grismer. 2015. Notes on reproduction of seven species of Draco: D. abbreviatus, D. blanfordii, D. formosus, D. maculatus, D. maximus, D. sumatranus, D. taeniopterus (Squamata: Agamidae) from South-east Asia. Hamadryad 37 (1-2): 117-121
  • Grandison, A.G.C. 1972. The Gunong Benom Expedition 1967. 5. Reptiles and amphibians of Gunong Benom with a description of a new species of Macrocalamus. Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.), London, 23: 45-101.
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Chan K. Onn, Jesse L. Grismer, Perry L. Wood, Jr., and A. Norhayati 2010. A CHECKLIST OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE BANJARAN BINTANG, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (2): 147-160 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Amphibians and reptiles of the Seribuat Archipelago. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 239 pp.
  • Hennig, W. 1936. Revision der Gattung Draco (Agamidae). Temminckia, Leiden 1: 153-220
  • Honda, Masanao; Ota, Hidetoshi; Kobayashi, Mari; Nabhitabhata,Jarujin; Yong, Soi-Sen & Hikida,Tsutomu 1999. Phylogenetic relationships of the flying lizards, genus Draco (Reptilia: Agamidae). Zoological Science 16: 535-549 - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R.; Manthey, U.; Vogel, G. Hoffmann, P. & Kosuch, J. 2002. Amphibians and reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). A.R.G. Ganther Verlag, Rugell, 404 pp.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. 1983. Exkursion am Mt. Kinabalu (4101 m), Nordborneo, Teil 3: Checkliste der Herpetofauna oberhalb 600 m ü. NN. Herpetofauna 5 (23): 20-31 - get paper here
  • McGuire, Jimmy A. & Heang, Kiew Bong 2001. Phylogenetic systematics of Southeast Asian flying lizards (Iguania: Agamidae: Draco) as inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 72: 203–229 - get paper here
  • NUR-AMALINA M.I.; AZHARI, M., NORSHAQINAH, A., NOR AZRIN, N.A., SHUKOR, M.N., AISAH, M.S., AMIRRUDIN, A., GRISMER, L.L. and NORHAYATI, A. 2017. SPECIES COMPOSITION OF AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES IN TEMBAT FOREST RESERVE, HULU TERENGGANU, TERENGGANU, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Malays. Appl. Biol. 46 (4): 119–129 - get paper here
  • Onn, Chan Kin; J. van Rooijen, L. Lee Grismer, Daicus Belabut,, Mohd. Abdul Muin Md. Akil, Hamidi Jamaludin, Rick Gregory, and Norhayati Ahmad 2010. FIRST REPORT ON THE HERPETOFAUNA OF PULAU PANGKOR, PERAK, MALAYSIA. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (2): 139 – 146 - get paper here
  • ONN, CHAN KIN; L. LEE. GRISMER, DIONYSIUS S. SHARMA, DAICUS BELABUT, and NORHAYATI AHMA 2009. New herpetofaunal records for Perlis State Park and adjacent areas. Malayan Nature Journal 61 (4): 255 - 262
  • Onn, Chan Kin; Mohd. Shahfiz Azman, Nor Azlin and Pan Khang Aun 2009. Additions to the Herpetofauna of Pasoh Forest Reserve, Negeri Sembilan, Peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 20(1): 71–80 - get paper here
  • Smedley, N. 1931. On some reptiles and a frog from the Natuna Islands. Bull. Raffles Mus. No 5: 46-48
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  • Taylor, E.H. 1963. The lizards of Thailand. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 44: 687-1077. - get paper here
 
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