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Draco lineatus DAUDIN, 1802

IUCN Red List - Draco lineatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesLined Flying Dragon 
SynonymDraco lineatus DAUDIN 1802: 298
Dracunculus personatus WIEGMANN 1834: 14 (nom. subst. pro Draco lineatus)
Draco bourouniensis LESSON 1834: pl. 37
Draco amboinensis LESSON 1834
Draco daudinii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 451 (nom. subst. for several species)
Draco lineatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 459
Dracunculus lineatus — FITZINGER in TREITSCHKE 1842: 116
Draco reinwardtii FITZINGER 1843
Draco lineatus — BOULENGER 1885: 264
Draco lineatus ochropterus WERNER 1910
Draco lineatus — DE ROOIJ 1915: 76
Draco ochropterus— DE ROOIJ 1915: 79
Draco lineatus var. ochropterus — SMITH & PROCTER 1921
Draco buruensis DE JONG 1926: 89 (fide HENNIG 1936)
Draco toxopei DE JONG 1926: 88 (fide HENNIG 1936)
Draco lineatus bourouniensis — HENNIG 1936: 201
Draco lineatus bourouniensis — WERMUTH 1967: 50
Draco lineatus bourouniensis — MUSTERS 1983
Draco lineatus ochropterus — MUSTERS 1983
Draco lineatus — MUSTERS 1983
Draco lineatus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 176
Draco bourouniensis — MCGUIRE & KIEW 2001
Draco bourouniensis — ISKANDAR & ERDELEN 2006 
DistributionMalaysia, Indonesia (Mentawi Archipelago), Philippines

amboinensis: Amboina Island, Ceram, Misol? (fide WERMUTH 1967: 49). Type locality: “Insula Moluccarum dicta a peregrinatoribus Amboine”.

bourouniensis: Buru Island. Type locality: “Insula Moluccarum vulgo dicta Bourou”.

ochropterus: Kei Islands. Type locality: “Key Inseln”.

Type locality: Java  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: lost (fide Brygoo, 1988)
Syntypes: ZMA 10931, 10932-33, all males [bourouniensis] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Draco lineatus can be distinguished from all other members of the D. lineatus group by the following combination of characteristics: (1) the dorsal patagial coloration of males with five pale brown radial bands on a vivid yellow field, or with several radial bands comprised of pale white or tan spots on a gray field, (2) male dewlap short and rounded distally, (3) dewlap in males bright yellow in coloration, (4) males and females with large yellow spots on a brown field on the side of the neck and base of the dewlap, (5) melanic interorbital spot usually absent in males, (6) large rhomboidal melanic nuchal spot usually absent from both sexes, (7) melanic postnuchal spot usually absent from males, usually present in females, (8) absence of white pigments in association with variably present nuchal and posnuchal spots in both sexes, (8) variable presence in males and absence in females of melanic ‘eye spots’ (dark spots with associated white or pale pigments) on the supraorbital semicircles, (9) parietal lens usually present (32 of 34), and (10) tympana at least partially covered with scales (usually completely covered) (from MCGUIRE et al. 2007).
 
CommentSynonymy, subspecies, and distributions after WERMUTH 1967 and McGuire et al. 2007. GÜNTHER 1872 used “spilopterus” in the text of his paper but “spilonotus” in the legend of the figure. Anyway, “spilopterus” is preoccupied by Dracunculus spilopterus WIEGMANN 1834. Brygoo 1988 considered Draco amboinensis as a synonym of Draco (Iineatus) bourouniensis.

The former subspecies of D. lineatus, D. l. bimaculatus GÜNTHER 1864, rhytisma MUSTERS 1983, spilonotus GÜNTHER 1872, modigliani, and beccarii have been elevated to species status.

The Draco lineatus group is comprised of nine species (biaro, caerulhians, lineatus, supriatnai, iskandari, beccarii, rhytisma, spilonotus, walkeri). The species group is diagnosed on the basis of the following features: (1) a strong statistical mode of five ribs supporting each wing (versus six), (2) absence of lacrimal bones (versus presence), (3) nostrils oriented laterally (versus posterodorsally), and (4) dewlap scalation small and undifferentiated (versus enlarged distally). The only Draco species that cannot be distinguished from the D. lineatus group on the basis of these characters is D. bimaculatus of the southern Philippines (which we comment on below). Most Draco lineatus group species can be distinguished primarily on the basis of adult male coloration because these lizards are characterized by granular squamation that is not conducive either to the evolution or the discovery of heritable species-specific differences. Presumably because most of the taxonomically useful characters are based on adult male coloration, many previous workers have chosen to treat distinct taxa within this group as subspecies (from MCGUIRE et al. 2007).

NCBI taxonID: 162338 [bourouniensis] 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “linea”, meaning stripe or line. 
References
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