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Dravidogecko meghamalaiensis CHAITANYA, GIRI, DEEPAK, DATTA-ROY, MURTHY & KARANTH, 2019

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Meghamalai Dravidogecko 
SynonymDravidogecko meghamalaiensis CHAITANYA, GIRI, DEEPAK, DATTA-ROY, MURTHY & KARANTH 2019: 21
Hemidactylus anamallensis — BAUER & RUSSELL 1995
Hemidactylus anamallensis — CHANDRAMOULI & GANESH 2010 [non Gecko anamallensis GÜNTHER 1875] 
DistributionIndia (Tamil Nadu)

Type locality: Meghamalai (9.6925 °N, 77.3992 °E; ca. 1480 m asl.), approximately 8 km southwest of Meghamalai village, en route to the Highwavy MountainsTheni District, Tamil Nadu.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype. BNHS 2345, an adult male, collected by RC on 30th May, 2016.
Paratypes. Details of collection same as the holotype. BNHS 2346, BNHS 2347, BNHS 2348, BNHS 2349, ZSIK 2977, ZSIK 2979 – adult females; ZSIK 2978 and ZSIK 2980 adult males. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Snout-vent length up to 48.7 mm (n=9); two pairs of well-developed postmentals, inner pair only slightly longer than the outer (2PML/1PML 0.82–0.96), and of comparable length to the mental; ventral scales counted at midbody 28–34; precloacofemoral pores, 36–38 (n=3); subdigital lamellae under digit IV of manus 7–9 and under digit IV of pes, 9 or 10; supralabials, 9–11 and infralabials 8–10 on each side.
Dravidogecko meghamalaiensis sp. nov. can be distinguished from other congeners based on the following characters: number of precloacofemoral pores (PcFP 36–38 versus 45 or 46 in D. anamallensis & 52–56 in D. septentrionalis sp. nov.); inner postmentals comparable in length to mental (ML/1PML 0.95–1.23 versus much longer, 0.74–0.81 in D. annamallensis 
CommentHabitat: The type-series of Dravidogecko meghamalaiensis sp. nov. was collected en route to the Highwavy Mountains within the Meghamalai Wildlife Sanctuary, where the habitat chiefly constitutes moist mixed deciduous forests (Bhupathy & Babu 2013). Individuals were found on trees and abundantly in unoc- cupied buildings. These habitats are at an altitude of 1300–1600 m asl and receive an average annual rainfall of 1500 mm (Bhupathy et al. 2009). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is an adjectival toponym referring to the Meghamalai Hills, where the type series was collected, 
References
  • Bauer, AARON M. & ANTHONY PATRICK RUSSELL 1995. The systematic relationships of Dravidogecko anamallensis (Günther 1875). Asiatic Herpetological Research 6: 30-35. - get paper here
  • CHAITANYA, R.; VARAD B. GIRI, V. DEEPAK, ANIRUDDHA DATTA-ROY, B.H.C.K MURTHY, PRAVEEN KARANTH 2019. Diversification in the mountains: a generic reappraisal of the Western Ghats endemic gecko genus Dravidogecko Smith, 1933 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) with descriptions of six new species. Zootaxa 4688 (1): 001–056; erratum in Zootaxa 4743 (4): 600 - get paper here
  • Chandramouli, S. R. and S. R. Ganesh 2010. Herpetofauna of southern Western Ghats, India – Reinvestigated after decades. Taprobanica 2 (2): 72-85
 
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