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Dryocalamus nympha (DAUDIN, 1803)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesVellore Bridal Snake 
SynonymColuber nympha DAUDIN 1803: 244
Hurria nympha — MERREM 1820: 93
Lycodon nympha — SCHLEGEL 1837: 120
Odontomus nympha — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 450
Hydrophobus semifasciatus — GÜNTHER 1862 (fide SMITH 1943)
Odontomus semifasciatus — GÜNTHER 1864: 234 (fide SMITH 1943)
Odontomus nympha — GÜNTHER 1864: 233
Dryocalamus nympha var. ceylonensis MÜLLER 1887 (fide SMITH 1943)
Hydrophobus nympha — BOULENGER 1890: 298
Dryocalamus nympha — BOULENGER 1893: 370
Dryocalamus nympha — WALL 1921: 166
Cochliophagus isolepis MÜLLER 1924: 91
Dryocalamus nympha — SMITH 1943: 274
Dryocalamus nympha — DAS 1996: 56
Dryocalamus nympha — KARUNARATHNA & AMARASINGHE 2011
Dryocalamus nympha — WALLACH et al. 2014: 248 
DistributionS India (Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Orissa, Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesTypes: BMNH 1946.1.13.69-70 (and possibly additional specimens).
Holotype: ZMB 8164 [Cochliophagus isolepis] 
CommentSynonymy up to 1854 after DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854. 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin “nympha”. The yellow mark on the back of the head suggests a bridal veil. 
References
  • Bhupathy, Subramanian & N. Sathishkumar 2013. Status of reptiles in Meghamalai and its environs, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (15): 4953-4961 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, Sayantan, Saurav Dutta, Anirban Chaudhri, Joseph J. Erinjery and Mewa Singh. 2016. Extension of the known range of Dryocalamus nympha (DAUDIN, 1803), in India. Herpetozoa 28 (3/4): 206-209 - get paper here
  • Daudin, F. M. 1803. Histoire Naturelle Generale et Particuliere des Reptiles. Vol. 6. F. Dufart, Paris.
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan; D. M. S. and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2011. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE REPTILE FAUNA IN NILGALA FOREST AND ITS VICINITY, MONARAGALA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA. Taprobanica 3 (02): 69-76
  • Krishnakumar, Bhava Mothilal K 2014. First observation on breeding habits of Indian Bridal Snake Dryocalamus nympha (Daudin, 1803). Herpetology Notes 7: 337-338 - get paper here
  • Kucharzewski, C. & Tillack, F. 2008. The identity of Cochliophagus isolepis MÜLLER 1924 (Serpentes: Colubridae). Salamandra 44 (1): 43-49 - get paper here
  • Merrem, B. 1820. Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien I (Tentamen Systematis Amphibiorum). J. C. Kriegeri, Marburg, 191 pp.
  • Müller, L. 1924. Ueber neue oder seltene Mittel- und Südamerikanische Amphibien und Reptilien. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 11 (1): 75-93 [1923]
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Ravichandran, B. & Manju Siliwal 2010. Snakes of Rameshwaram. Reptile Rap (9): 2-4 - get paper here
  • Schlegel, H. 1837. Essai sur la physionomie des serpens. Partie Descriptive. La Haye (J. Kips, J. HZ. et W. P. van Stockum), 606 S. + xvi - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1950. The snakes of Ceylon. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (14): 519-603 - get paper here
  • Wall, FRANK 1921. Ophidia Taprobanica or the Snakes of Ceylon. Colombo Mus. (H. R. Cottle, govt. printer), Colombo. xxii, 581 pages - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Whitaker, Romulus<br />and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp., reprinted 2007 - get paper here
 
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