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Duberria lutrix (LINNAEUS, 1758)

IUCN Red List - Duberria lutrix - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Pseudoxyrhophiinae (Amplorhininae), Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesDuberria lutrix abyssinica (BOULENGER 1894)
Duberria lutrix atriventris (STERNFELD 1912)
Duberria lutrix basilewskyi SKELTON-BOURGEOIS 1961
Duberria lutrix currylindahli LAURENT 1956
Duberria lutrix lutrix (LINNAEUS 1758) 
Common NamesCommon Slug Eater 
SynonymColuber Lutrix LINNAEUS 1758: 216
Calamaria arctiventris SCHLEGEL 1837: 131
Duberria arctiventris — FITZINGER (fide FILIPPI 1840)
Homalosoma lutrix — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 110
Cyclophis catenatus THEOBALD 1868 (fide BOULENGER 1890)
Homalosoma abyssinicum BOULENGER 1894
Homalosoma lutrix — ANGEL 1925
Homalosoma lutrix — DE WITTE 1933
Duberria lutrix lutrix — BOYCOTT 1992
Duberria lutrix — BROADLEY 1998
Duberria lutrix — MATTISON 2007: 100
Duberria lutrix — WALLACH et al. 2014: 247

Duberria lutrix atriventris (STERNFELD 1912)
Homalosoma lutrix var. atriventris STERNFELD 1912: 271
Duberria lutrix atriventris — PITMAN 1974
Duberria lutrix atriventris — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 26

Duberria lutrix basilewskyi SKELTON-BOURGEOIS 1961
Duberria lutrix basilewskyi SKELTON-BOURGEOIS 1961: 334
Duberria lutrix basilewskyi — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 26 
DistributionS/E Republic of South Africa (Eastern Cape etc.), Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, N/E/S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire).

Type locality: “Indiis” (in error)

atriventris: Highlands of Uganda, Kenya and N Tanzania west through Rwanda to NE Zaire. Type locality: Kissenje = Kisenyi, Rwanda.

basilewskyi: Ngorongoro north to the Kenya highlands (east of the rift valley); Type locality: Ngorongoro (subalpine grassland at 2600 m), Tanzania. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesType: Not designated, present location unknown {NHRM fide Hughes} [fide V. Wallach, pers. comm.] 
CommentDuberria shirana (Boulenger, 1894) may be a subspecies of D. lutrix or a valid species (as listed in a separate entry).

Type species: Coluber arctiventris Daudin (= Coluber duberria Merrem = Coluber lutrix Linnaeus) is the type species of the genus Duberria FITZINGER 1826 (by tautonymy, see Loveridge, 1944: 138). 
References
  • Angel, Fernand 1925. Résultats Scientifiques. Vertebrata. Reptiles et Batraciens. [Mabuia (Mabuiopsis) jeanneli, Lygosoma graueri quinquedigitata, Ablepharus massaiensis]. In: Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911-1912). - Paris, 2: 1-63.
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Boycott, R.C. 1992. An Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Swaziland. The Conservation Trust of Swaziland - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1958. Serpents, Colubridae: Duberria lutrix rhodesiana n. subsp. Occ. Pap. Natn. Mus. S. Rhodesia (Ser. B) 3: 215-216
  • Broadley, D.G. 1959. The herpetology of Southern Rhodesia. Part I--the snakes. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 120 (1): 1-100 [reprint 1972] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1962. On some reptile collections from the North-Western and North-Eastern Districts of Southern Rhodesia 1958-1961, with descriptions of four new lizards. Occ. Pap. Nat. Mus. South. Rhodesia 26 (B): 787-843
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. The reptilian fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). In: Schmidt, K.P. and Noble, G.K., Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo... [reprint of the 1919 and 1923 papers]. SSAR Facsimile reprints in Herpetology, 780 pp.
  • Broadley, D.G.; Doria, C.T. & Wigge, J. 2003. Snakes of Zambia. An Atlas and Field Guide. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 280 pp. [review in Sauria 26 (3): 21]
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • Conradie, Werner; Brian Reeves , Neil Brown, & Jan A. Venter 2016. Herpetofauna of the Oviston, Commando Drift and Tsolwana nature reserves in the arid interior of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa Indago Vol. 32 (2016) 81 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 13. Livraison. [Homalosoma mite]. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Largen,M.J. & Rasmussen,J.B. 1993. Catalogue of the snakes of Ethiopia (Reptilia Serpentes), including identification keys. Tropical Zoology 6: 313-434 - get paper here
  • Laurent,R.F. 1956. Contribution à l'herpetologie de la région des Grandes Lacs de l'Afrique centrale. Ann. Mus. Roy. Congo Belge (Sci. Zool.), 48: 1-390
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, Arthur 1929. East African reptiles and amphibians in the United States National Museum. Bull. US Natl. Mus. (151): 1-135 - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 1995. The Encyclopedia of Snakes. New York: Facts on File, 256 pp.
  • Mertens, R. 1938. Über eine herpetologische Sammlung aus dem Gebiete des Njarasa-Grabens Ost-Afrikas. Veröffentlichungen aus dem Deutschen Kolonial- und Übersee-Museum in Bremen 2 (1): 1-9 [no page numbers]
  • Skelton-bourgeois 1961. Rev. Zool. Bor. afr. 63: 334
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • STANDER, R. 2013. Duberria lutrix (Linnaeus, 1758) Size. African Herp News (59): 35-36
  • Sternfeld, R. 1912. IV. Zoologie II. Lfg. Reptilia. In: Schubotz., R. (ed.): Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition 1907- 1908, unter Führung A. Friedrichs, Herzogs zu Mecklenburg. Klinkhard und Biermann, Leipzig: 197-279 [published 1912, not 1913, as often cited, see Männel & Kucharzewski 2017] - get paper here
  • Venter, Jan A.; Werner Conradie 2015. A checklist of the reptiles and amphibians found in protected areas along the South African Wild Coast, with notes on conservation implications Koedoe 57 (1): 1-25. doi: 10.4102/koedoe.v57i1.1247 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Witte, G. F. de 1933. Reptiles récoltés au Conge Belge par le Dr. H. Schouteden et par M. G.-F. Witte. Ann. Mus. Conge belge Zool. Ser. 1 Tome III: 53-100.
 
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