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Echiopsis curta (SCHLEGEL, 1837)

IUCN Red List - Echiopsis curta - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Bardick 
SynonymNaja curta SCHLEGEL 1837: 486
Echiopsis curta — FITZINGER 1843: 28
Alecto curta — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1252
Hoplocephalus curta — GÜNTHER 1858
Hoplocephalus temporalis GÜNTHER 1862: 130
Hoplocephalus curtus — MCCOY 1878: 11
Brachyaspis curta — BOULENGER 1896
Brachyaspis curtus — WORRELL 1963
Notechis curtus — STORR 1982
Echiopsis curta — COGGER 1983: 224
Echiopsis curta — WELCH 1994: 57
Echiopsis curta — COGGER 2000: 649
Echiopsis curta — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Echiopsis curta martinekae HOSER 2012
Echiopsis curta — WALLACH et al. 2014: 254 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia)

Type locality: vicinity of King George's Sound, W. A.  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 0953
Syntypes: BMNH 1946.1.17.87-89 from S. A.; 2 syntypes cited in original description not found [temporalis] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Cogger 1986 ? (fide Hutchinson 1990, who doesn’t cite Cogger 1986), and we are not aware of any Cogger paper published in 1986. 
CommentSynonymy partly after COGGER 1983.

Type species: Naja curta is the type species of the genus Echiopsis FITZINGER 1843.

EtymologyThe specific epithet curtus (Latin) means short or incomplete, possibly referring to the short overall body length. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Bush, B. & Maryan, B. 2006. Snakes and Snake-like Reptiles of Southern Western Australia. Snakes Harmful & Harmless, Stoneville, Perth, Western Australia, 40 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Guibé, J. & Roux-Estève, R. 1972. Les types de Schlegel (Ophidiens) présents dans les collections du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Zoologische Mededelingen 47: 129-134 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1858. Catalogue of Colubrine snakes of the British Museum. London, I - XVI, 1 - 281
  • Günther, A. 1862. On new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 9: 124-132 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R.T. 2012. Some new small-eyed snakes from Australia and New Guinea (Serpentes: Elapidae). Australasian J. Herpetol. 13:3–7. - get paper here
  • Hutchinson M N 1990. The generic classification of the Australian terrestrial elapid snakes. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 29 (3): 397-405 - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Maryan, Brad 1995. Range extension for some snakes in Western Australia [Echiopsis curta; Vermicella bimaculata; Demansia rufescens]. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 25 (1): 48
  • McCoy, F. 1878. Pseudechys porphyriacus (SHAW SP.). The Black Snake. Hoplocephalus superbus (Günth.) The Copper-head snake [... etc...] Prodromus of the Zoology of Victoria 1: 5- - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Schlegel, H. 1837. Essai sur la physionomie des serpens. Partie Descriptive. La Haye (J. Kips, J. HZ. et W. P. van Stockum), 606 S. + xvi - get paper here
  • Shine, R. 1982. Ecology of the Australian elapid snake Echiopsis curta. Journal of Herpetology 16 (4): 388-393 - get paper here
  • Storr G M 1980. A new Brachyaspis (Serpentes: Elapidae) from Western Australia. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 8 (3): 397-399 - get paper here
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Worrell, E. 1963. Reptiles of Australia. Angus & Robertson (Sydney), xv + 207 pp
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