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Egernia stokesii (GRAY, 1845)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Egerniinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesEgernia stokesii aethiops STORR 1978
Egernia stokesii badia STORR 1978
Egernia stokesii stokesii (GRAY 1845)
Egernia stokesii zellingi DE VIS 1884 
Common NamesE: Gidgee Spiny-tailed Skink, Gidgee Skink, Stoke’s Skink
G: Stachelschwanzskink 
SynonymSilubosaurus stokesii GRAY 1845: 105
Silubosaurus zellingi DE VIS 1884
Egernia stokesii — GLAUERT 1960
Egernia stokesii — COGGER 1983: 160
Egernia stokesii — COGGER 2000: 472
Egernia stokesii — DOUGHTY et al. 2011 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia)

stokesii: Western Australia; Type locality: Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia.

aethiops: Baudin Island, Shark Bay, Western Australia; Type locality: Baudin Island.

badia: mainland Western Australia; Type locality: Rothsay.

zellingi: E Australia; Type locality: Barcoo, Queensland.  
ReproductionViviparous. This is one of the few reptile species in which monogamy has been observed (Chapple 2003). 
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.8.9.74, Designation by Wells &Wellington (1985). Syntypes: BMNH 1946.8.9.74-76, BMNH 1946.8.9.77-82 (W. A.), BMNH (W. A.)
Holotype: QM J253, from Barcoo, Qld. [zellingi]
Holotype: WAM R25731, from Baudin Is., Freycinet Estuary, in 26° 31’ S, 113° 39’ E, W. A. [aethiops]
Holotype: WAM R29590, from Rothsay, in 29° 18’ S, 116° 54’ E, W. A. [badia] 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983.

Max SVL 161 mm (aethiops), 194 mm (badia), 83 mm (zellingi), 158 mm (stokesii). 
Etymologynamed after Admiral John Lort Stokes, officer of the British Royal Navy who served on the HMS Beagle under the command of Robert Fitzroy at the same time when Charles Darwin made his voyage. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Chapple, D.G. 2003. Ecology, life history, and behavior in the Australian scincid genus Egernia, with comments on the evolution of complex sociality in lizards. Herpetological Monographs 17: 145-180 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • de Vis, C. W. 1884. On new Australian lizards. Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 1: 53-56 - get paper here
  • Doughty, Paul; Luke Kealley, and Stephen C. Donnellan 2011. Revision of the Pygmy Spiny-tailed Skinks (Egernia depressa species-group) from Western Australia, with descriptions of three new species. Rec. West. Austr. Mus. 26: 115–137 - get paper here
  • Gardner, M.G.; Bull, C.M.; Cooper, S.J.B.; Duffield, G.A. 2000. Microsatellite mutations in litters of the Australian lizard Egernia stokesii. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 13 (3): 551-560
  • Glauert, L. 1960. Herpetological miscellanea. XII. The family Scincidae in Western Australia. Pt. 1. The genera Tiliqua, Trachysaurus and Egernia. Western Australian Naturalist 7 (3): 67-77
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Knauf, S. 2006. Zur Haltung und Nachzucht des australischen Stachelschwanzskinks Egernia stokesii stokesii (GRAY 1845) mit Anmerkungen zum Fütterungsmanagement. Reptilia (Münster) 11 (61): 78-83 - get paper here
  • Knauf, S. 2006. Zur Haltung und Nachzucht des Australischen Stachelschwanzskinks, Egernia stokesii stokesii (GRAY 1845), mit Anmerkungen zum Fütterungsmanagement. Reptilia (Münster) 11 (60): 55-59 - get paper here
  • Knauf, S. 2007. Care and captive breeding of the Gidgee Skink, Egernia stokesii stokesii. Reptilia (GB) (51): 61-69 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. 1972. Zoogeography and speciation of Australian desert lizards: an ecological perspective. Copeia 1972 (1): 127-144 - get paper here
  • Schröder, M. & Macina, S. 2003. Die Haltung und Nachzucht des Stachelschwanzskinks Egernia stokesii stokesii (GRAY 1845). Sauria 25 (4): 7-14 - get paper here
  • Shine, R. 2013. Primer: Reptiles. Current Biology 3 (6): R227–R231
  • Storr G M 1978. The genus Egernia (Lacertilia, Scincidae) in Western Australia. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 6 (2): 147-187 - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M., Smith, L. A. & Johnstone, R. E. 1981. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Perth: University of Western Australia Press and Western Australian Museum, 200 pp.
  • Storr, G. M.; L. A. Smith, and R. E. Johnstone 1999. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Revised Edition. Western Australian Museum
  • While, Geoffrey M.;, David G. Chapple, Michael G. Gardner, Tobias Uller, and Martin J. Whiting 2015. Egernia lizards. Current Biology 25 (14): R593–R595, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2015.02.070 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Zwinenberg, A. J. 1978. Stekelskinken de "Zindelijke" hagedissen van Australie. Blijdorp Geluiden 26: 2-5
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